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General and digestive surgery

Find all the surgical interventions, lectures, experts opinions, debates, webinars and operative techniques per specialty.
Accidental finding of Ascaris lumbricoides in the common bile duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy transcystic exploration
This is the case of a 37-year-old woman, who had acute cholecystitis for 4 days, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant.
Physical exam demonstrated a soft abdomen with right upper quadrant pain, positive Murphy’s sign, and a palpable painful mass.
Complete blood count (CBC) reported 7,700/uL WBC, 4.235u/L neutrophils (55%), 1.463u/L lymphocytes (19%), and 1.540/uL eosinophils (20%).
Total bilirubin: 0.7mg/dL, direct bilirubin: 0.4mg/dL, indirect bilirubin: 0.3mg/dL, alkaline phosphatase: 184U/L.
Hepatobiliary ultrasound reports a thin-walled bladder with biliary sludge. The bile duct is not dilated. According to the results, there was no parasite on the bile duct.
Pain does not subside with antispasmodics, and the patient is sent to undergo a laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
In surgery, a hydropic gallbladder was evidenced. It was drained with a Veress needle. It was then found that the cystic duct was dilated and a transcystic exploration was performed with a No. 6 - 8- 10 French gastric tube.
An Ascaris lumbricoides of 25cm in length was extracted.
After exploration was completed with a Fogarty catheter, and no additional parasites were found, conventional cholecystectomy was completed. Antibiotic and anti-parasite treatment was prescribed. The patient was discharged 2 days after the procedure without any complications.
LE Becerra
Surgical intervention
2 years ago
1972 views
120 likes
0 comments
08:19
Accidental finding of Ascaris lumbricoides in the common bile duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy transcystic exploration
This is the case of a 37-year-old woman, who had acute cholecystitis for 4 days, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant.
Physical exam demonstrated a soft abdomen with right upper quadrant pain, positive Murphy’s sign, and a palpable painful mass.
Complete blood count (CBC) reported 7,700/uL WBC, 4.235u/L neutrophils (55%), 1.463u/L lymphocytes (19%), and 1.540/uL eosinophils (20%).
Total bilirubin: 0.7mg/dL, direct bilirubin: 0.4mg/dL, indirect bilirubin: 0.3mg/dL, alkaline phosphatase: 184U/L.
Hepatobiliary ultrasound reports a thin-walled bladder with biliary sludge. The bile duct is not dilated. According to the results, there was no parasite on the bile duct.
Pain does not subside with antispasmodics, and the patient is sent to undergo a laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
In surgery, a hydropic gallbladder was evidenced. It was drained with a Veress needle. It was then found that the cystic duct was dilated and a transcystic exploration was performed with a No. 6 - 8- 10 French gastric tube.
An Ascaris lumbricoides of 25cm in length was extracted.
After exploration was completed with a Fogarty catheter, and no additional parasites were found, conventional cholecystectomy was completed. Antibiotic and anti-parasite treatment was prescribed. The patient was discharged 2 days after the procedure without any complications.
Laparoscopic transcystic and hybrid transgastric rendezvous technique for common bile duct lithiasis after gastric bypass
Common bile duct lithiasis has become a challenging problem in patients who have undergone a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity. Altered anatomy due to gastric diversion and biliary limb reconstruction leads to a prolonged and complex access to the ampulla of Vater. Consequently, experienced endoscopists and double-balloon endoscopes are required, often making it impossible to successfully perform an endoscopic sphincterotomy as in this case.
Here, we describe the case of a patient who had already been operated on for a gastric bypass and who presented with multiple past episodes of cholangitis because of common bile duct stones. A double-balloon endoscopic sphincterotomy failed leading to the decision of surgical treatment combining a hybrid technique of laparoscopic transgastric sphincterotomy with a transcystic common bile duct exploration.
L Marx, S Tzedakis, P Pessaux, M Delvaux, D Mutter, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
4 years ago
1103 views
45 likes
0 comments
11:34
Laparoscopic transcystic and hybrid transgastric rendezvous technique for common bile duct lithiasis after gastric bypass
Common bile duct lithiasis has become a challenging problem in patients who have undergone a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for morbid obesity. Altered anatomy due to gastric diversion and biliary limb reconstruction leads to a prolonged and complex access to the ampulla of Vater. Consequently, experienced endoscopists and double-balloon endoscopes are required, often making it impossible to successfully perform an endoscopic sphincterotomy as in this case.
Here, we describe the case of a patient who had already been operated on for a gastric bypass and who presented with multiple past episodes of cholangitis because of common bile duct stones. A double-balloon endoscopic sphincterotomy failed leading to the decision of surgical treatment combining a hybrid technique of laparoscopic transgastric sphincterotomy with a transcystic common bile duct exploration.
Laparoscopic transgastric sphincterotomy for common bile duct stones
We report the case of a transgastric sphincterotomy. This is the case of a 67-year-old woman presenting with cholangitis with a past history of an esophageal peptic stenosis. After dilatation, the duodenoscopy does not make it possible to cross this stenosis. A transgastric laparoscopy is decided upon in order to introduce the duodenoscope through a 15mm port. The duodenoscope is then introduced through the port into the anterior gastric wall allowing for a successful sphincterotomy and stone extraction. The duodenoscope is withdrawn and the gastrotomy is closed. A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is performed. The postoperative outcome was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 6.
P Pessaux, J Huppertz, D Ntourakis, A Sportes, E Wedi, D Mutter, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
2838 views
40 likes
0 comments
09:04
Laparoscopic transgastric sphincterotomy for common bile duct stones
We report the case of a transgastric sphincterotomy. This is the case of a 67-year-old woman presenting with cholangitis with a past history of an esophageal peptic stenosis. After dilatation, the duodenoscopy does not make it possible to cross this stenosis. A transgastric laparoscopy is decided upon in order to introduce the duodenoscope through a 15mm port. The duodenoscope is then introduced through the port into the anterior gastric wall allowing for a successful sphincterotomy and stone extraction. The duodenoscope is withdrawn and the gastrotomy is closed. A laparoscopic cholecystectomy is performed. The postoperative outcome was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 6.
Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration: choledochotomy approach
The description of the laparoscopic common bile duct exploration: choledochotomy approach covers all aspects of the surgical procedure used for the management of common bile duct stones.
Operating room set up, position of patient and equipment, instruments used are thoroughly described. The technical key steps of the surgical procedure are presented in a step by step way: exploration and exposure, dissection, intraoperative cholangiography, laparoscopic ultrasonography, choledochotomy, stone extraction, common bile duct closure.
Consequently, this operating technique is well standardized for the management of this condition.
D Bacal, JC Berthou, D Mutter, I Jourdan
Operative technique
15 years ago
3550 views
214 likes
4 comments
Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration: choledochotomy approach
The description of the laparoscopic common bile duct exploration: choledochotomy approach covers all aspects of the surgical procedure used for the management of common bile duct stones.
Operating room set up, position of patient and equipment, instruments used are thoroughly described. The technical key steps of the surgical procedure are presented in a step by step way: exploration and exposure, dissection, intraoperative cholangiography, laparoscopic ultrasonography, choledochotomy, stone extraction, common bile duct closure.
Consequently, this operating technique is well standardized for the management of this condition.