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Single port surgery

Find all the surgical interventions, lectures, experts opinions, debates, webinars and operative techniques per specialty.


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Suprapubic single-incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection with hand-sewn intracorporeal anastomosis
Background: The authors report the case of a 30-year-old woman who consulted for episodes of diverticulitis due to segmental diverticulosis of the splenic flexure. The patient was scheduled for a suprapubic single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection.

Video: A right suprapubic incision was performed and allowed for the introduction of three abdominal trocars (11mm, and two 6mm ones). DAPRI curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were used, in addition to a 10mm, 30-degree regular length scope. The mobilization of the left mesocolon as well as of the transverse mesocolon was performed. After having completely freed the splenic flexure from its attachments, the transverse colon and the left colon were divided using an articulating linear stapler, introduced into the abdomen under a 5mm, 30-degree long scope. An intracorporeal end-to-end transverse sigmoid anastomosis was performed using two converging running sutures. The mesocolic defect was closed. The specimen was removed through a single access and final scar appeared to be 4cm.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 165 minutes and time to perform the anastomosis was 60 minutes. Operative bleeding was 10cc. The patient was discharged after 4 days, and at visit consultations, the symptoms were resolved.

Conclusion: Single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection can be safely performed using a suprapubic access, which enhances cosmetic outcomes, in addition to the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. A laparoscopic intracorporeal anastomosis is mandatory and can be performed using a hand-sewn method.
G Dapri, L Cardinali, A Cadenas Febres, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
1563 views
92 likes
0 comments
07:12
Suprapubic single-incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection with hand-sewn intracorporeal anastomosis
Background: The authors report the case of a 30-year-old woman who consulted for episodes of diverticulitis due to segmental diverticulosis of the splenic flexure. The patient was scheduled for a suprapubic single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection.

Video: A right suprapubic incision was performed and allowed for the introduction of three abdominal trocars (11mm, and two 6mm ones). DAPRI curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were used, in addition to a 10mm, 30-degree regular length scope. The mobilization of the left mesocolon as well as of the transverse mesocolon was performed. After having completely freed the splenic flexure from its attachments, the transverse colon and the left colon were divided using an articulating linear stapler, introduced into the abdomen under a 5mm, 30-degree long scope. An intracorporeal end-to-end transverse sigmoid anastomosis was performed using two converging running sutures. The mesocolic defect was closed. The specimen was removed through a single access and final scar appeared to be 4cm.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 165 minutes and time to perform the anastomosis was 60 minutes. Operative bleeding was 10cc. The patient was discharged after 4 days, and at visit consultations, the symptoms were resolved.

Conclusion: Single incision laparoscopic splenic flexure resection can be safely performed using a suprapubic access, which enhances cosmetic outcomes, in addition to the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. A laparoscopic intracorporeal anastomosis is mandatory and can be performed using a hand-sewn method.
Transumbilical single-access laparoscopic subxiphoidal incisional hernia repair
Background: In this video, the authors report the case of a 65-year-old man who consulted for a subxiphoidal incisional hernia after open cardiac surgery. A transumbilical single access laparoscopic repair was proposed.

Video: The umbilical scar was incised and, after having placed a fascial umbilical purse-string suture, an 11mm reusable trocar was introduced. DAPRI curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were introduced. The subxiphoidal hernia was put in evidence. The fatty tissue covering the defect was freed and the hernia defect was measured to be 8cm cranio-caudally and 6cm latero-laterally. A dual face mesh of 15 and 14cm (Surgimesh XB, Aspide Medical, Saint-Etienne, France) was chosen and introduced into the cavity through the 11mm trocar. The mesh was fixed against the abdominal wall using absorbable tacks (Sorbafix, Bard Davol Inc., Warwick, RI, US), and against the pericardial sheet using a polypropylene suture, in order to prevent any potential cardiac tamponade.

Results: The final umbilical scar was 15mm. Operative time was 65 minutes, and operative bleeding was insignificant. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 1. At visit consultations, no recurrence was evidenced.

Conclusion: Subxiphoidal incisional hernia after open cardiac surgery can be treated successfully using a transumbilical single access laparoscopy.
G Dapri, A Cadenas Febres, L Cardinali, SH Sondji, I Surdeanu, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
1331 views
132 likes
0 comments
06:30
Transumbilical single-access laparoscopic subxiphoidal incisional hernia repair
Background: In this video, the authors report the case of a 65-year-old man who consulted for a subxiphoidal incisional hernia after open cardiac surgery. A transumbilical single access laparoscopic repair was proposed.

Video: The umbilical scar was incised and, after having placed a fascial umbilical purse-string suture, an 11mm reusable trocar was introduced. DAPRI curved reusable instruments (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) were introduced. The subxiphoidal hernia was put in evidence. The fatty tissue covering the defect was freed and the hernia defect was measured to be 8cm cranio-caudally and 6cm latero-laterally. A dual face mesh of 15 and 14cm (Surgimesh XB, Aspide Medical, Saint-Etienne, France) was chosen and introduced into the cavity through the 11mm trocar. The mesh was fixed against the abdominal wall using absorbable tacks (Sorbafix, Bard Davol Inc., Warwick, RI, US), and against the pericardial sheet using a polypropylene suture, in order to prevent any potential cardiac tamponade.

Results: The final umbilical scar was 15mm. Operative time was 65 minutes, and operative bleeding was insignificant. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 1. At visit consultations, no recurrence was evidenced.

Conclusion: Subxiphoidal incisional hernia after open cardiac surgery can be treated successfully using a transumbilical single access laparoscopy.
Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy without special SILS port or roticulating instruments with routine ports and instruments
Conventional single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) with special ports and instruments has transformed the way people undergo cholecystectomy. However, it requires high costs as compared to routine laparoscopic cholecystectomies.
We present another way of performing a SILS cholecystectomy without any special SILS port or any special roticulating laparoscopic instruments.
One 10mm port is placed in the lower aspect of the umbilicus at a 6 o’clock position and the gallbladder is assessed for SILS suitability. Another 5mm port is placed at a 3 o’clock position through a separate incision. A mini-laparoscopic grasper (Mini-Lap Technologies) is inserted in the right subcostal region. Remaining operative steps are similar to the ones used for any standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Careful and skilful manipulation of the mini-laparoscopic grasper helps in anterior and posterior dissection of Calot’s triangle, while maintaining the triangle of instrumentation (which is not achievable in SILS port techniques). A critical view of safety is also nicely demonstrated before clipping and dividing any structure. For clipping the cystic artery (CA) and the cystic duct (CD), a 5mm scope is used through the 5mm port and a standard clip applicator is inserted through the 10mm port. The gallbladder is extracted through the 10mm port. The 10mm port fascia is closed.
N Jha
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
1792 views
158 likes
0 comments
09:55
Single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy without special SILS port or roticulating instruments with routine ports and instruments
Conventional single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) with special ports and instruments has transformed the way people undergo cholecystectomy. However, it requires high costs as compared to routine laparoscopic cholecystectomies.
We present another way of performing a SILS cholecystectomy without any special SILS port or any special roticulating laparoscopic instruments.
One 10mm port is placed in the lower aspect of the umbilicus at a 6 o’clock position and the gallbladder is assessed for SILS suitability. Another 5mm port is placed at a 3 o’clock position through a separate incision. A mini-laparoscopic grasper (Mini-Lap Technologies) is inserted in the right subcostal region. Remaining operative steps are similar to the ones used for any standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Careful and skilful manipulation of the mini-laparoscopic grasper helps in anterior and posterior dissection of Calot’s triangle, while maintaining the triangle of instrumentation (which is not achievable in SILS port techniques). A critical view of safety is also nicely demonstrated before clipping and dividing any structure. For clipping the cystic artery (CA) and the cystic duct (CD), a 5mm scope is used through the 5mm port and a standard clip applicator is inserted through the 10mm port. The gallbladder is extracted through the 10mm port. The 10mm port fascia is closed.
Single incision laparoscopic non-traumatic left lateral diaphragmatic hernia repair
Background: A diaphragmatic hernia is a quite uncommon disease, being congenital or post-traumatic. Its diagnosis is frequently incidental. The surgical treatment can be performed through the abdomen as well as through the chest. Laparoscopy and thoracoscopy offer a surgical benefit, because of reduced abdominal wall trauma and added advantages provided by minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy (TSIL), in addition to improved cosmetic results, can offer other advantages to MIS such as reduced postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and improved patient comfort.
Video: The authors report the case of a 45-year-old man who consulted for a non-traumatic left lateral diaphragmatic hernia, which was discovered incidentally, and which was treated using TSIL suture and mesh reinforcement.
Results: Laparoscopic time was 104 minutes and perioperative bleeding was insignificant. The final umbilical scar was 15mm. During the postoperative course, only 4 grams of paracetamol were used. The patient was discharged on the 1st postoperative day, after chest X-ray control. At consultation, the patient did not report the use of painkillers and, at 1, 6, and 12 months, the chest X-ray control was negative for recurrence.
Conclusions: Uncommon conditions, such as a lateral diaphragmatic hernia, can be approached using TSIL, because this technique adds an improved cosmetic result, a reduced postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and an improved patient comfort.
G Dapri, K Jottard, K Grozdev, D Guta, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
2 years ago
949 views
31 likes
0 comments
07:14
Single incision laparoscopic non-traumatic left lateral diaphragmatic hernia repair
Background: A diaphragmatic hernia is a quite uncommon disease, being congenital or post-traumatic. Its diagnosis is frequently incidental. The surgical treatment can be performed through the abdomen as well as through the chest. Laparoscopy and thoracoscopy offer a surgical benefit, because of reduced abdominal wall trauma and added advantages provided by minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy (TSIL), in addition to improved cosmetic results, can offer other advantages to MIS such as reduced postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and improved patient comfort.
Video: The authors report the case of a 45-year-old man who consulted for a non-traumatic left lateral diaphragmatic hernia, which was discovered incidentally, and which was treated using TSIL suture and mesh reinforcement.
Results: Laparoscopic time was 104 minutes and perioperative bleeding was insignificant. The final umbilical scar was 15mm. During the postoperative course, only 4 grams of paracetamol were used. The patient was discharged on the 1st postoperative day, after chest X-ray control. At consultation, the patient did not report the use of painkillers and, at 1, 6, and 12 months, the chest X-ray control was negative for recurrence.
Conclusions: Uncommon conditions, such as a lateral diaphragmatic hernia, can be approached using TSIL, because this technique adds an improved cosmetic result, a reduced postoperative pain, a shorter hospital stay, and an improved patient comfort.
Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) through single right iliac fossa (RIF) incision
Background: Single incision laparoscopy is worth of interest during up-to-down rectal resection because it allows to use the single site as the site of temporary ileostomy placement at the end of the procedure.
Video: This video shows an up-to-down single incision laparoscopic rectal resection in a 49-year-old woman presenting with a rectal adenocarcinoma located 12cm away from the anal margin. Preoperative work-up showed a T2N0M0 tumor. The procedure was entirely performed with curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany), inserted in the right flank. The uterus and the peritoneal sheet covering the vagina were retrieved using percutaneous sutures. A circular mechanical colorectal anastomosis was performed and a final temporary ileostomy was placed at the site of the single access.
Results: The procedure duration was 297 minutes, and peroperative bleeding was unsignificant. The final scar length was 2.5cm, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 5. The pathological report confirmed a pT2N0M0 tumor (20 negative nodes).
Conclusions: Up-to-down single incision laparoscopic rectal resection allows to place the temporary ileostomy at the single incision site, offering oncological results comparable to conventional laparoscopy.
G Dapri, N Bachir, L Antolino, K Grozdev, D Guta, K Jottard, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
3 years ago
2157 views
107 likes
0 comments
09:22
Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) through single right iliac fossa (RIF) incision
Background: Single incision laparoscopy is worth of interest during up-to-down rectal resection because it allows to use the single site as the site of temporary ileostomy placement at the end of the procedure.
Video: This video shows an up-to-down single incision laparoscopic rectal resection in a 49-year-old woman presenting with a rectal adenocarcinoma located 12cm away from the anal margin. Preoperative work-up showed a T2N0M0 tumor. The procedure was entirely performed with curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany), inserted in the right flank. The uterus and the peritoneal sheet covering the vagina were retrieved using percutaneous sutures. A circular mechanical colorectal anastomosis was performed and a final temporary ileostomy was placed at the site of the single access.
Results: The procedure duration was 297 minutes, and peroperative bleeding was unsignificant. The final scar length was 2.5cm, and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 5. The pathological report confirmed a pT2N0M0 tumor (20 negative nodes).
Conclusions: Up-to-down single incision laparoscopic rectal resection allows to place the temporary ileostomy at the single incision site, offering oncological results comparable to conventional laparoscopy.
Transanal laparoscopic TME with a new port assisted by single incision
Background: Rectal resection with total mesorectal excision (TME) can be performed through the anus going up into the abdominal cavity. This approach has to be performed using a transanal device in order to create a retroperitoneum, allowing the surgeon to perform a TME similar to the one performed from the abdomen going down to the anus. A new reusable port named DAPRI Port or D-Port (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) has been developed, and a new platform together with curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope) has been created. The D-Port allows to maintain one of the rules of laparoscopy, which is the optical system in the middle of the two ancillary operative tools. In addition, the cost of the procedure is not increased, due to the reusable material.
Video: This video shows a down-to-up rectal resection assisted by single incision laparoscopy, in a 65-year old man presenting with a rectal adenocarcinoma 4cm away from the anal margin. Preoperative work-up showed a T2N0M0 tumor, after radiochemotherapy. The procedure was performed transabdominally for the vascular dissection and transanally for the TME. The abdominal single site was then used for the placement of the temporary ileostomy.
Results: Total operative time was 301 minutes, and partial transanal laparoscopy was 145 minutes. Perioperative bleeding was 50cc. The final scar length was 2.5cm, and the patient was discharged after 5 days. The pathological report confirmed a pT2N0M0 tumor (15 negative nodes).
Conclusions: Down-to-up rectal resection is an interesting procedure, and when associated with single incision laparoscopy, it offers the possibility to use the single site as the site for temporary ileostomy.
G Dapri, L Antolino, N Bachir, D Guta, K Grozdev, B Nebbot, K Jottard, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
3 years ago
2695 views
39 likes
0 comments
12:53
Transanal laparoscopic TME with a new port assisted by single incision
Background: Rectal resection with total mesorectal excision (TME) can be performed through the anus going up into the abdominal cavity. This approach has to be performed using a transanal device in order to create a retroperitoneum, allowing the surgeon to perform a TME similar to the one performed from the abdomen going down to the anus. A new reusable port named DAPRI Port or D-Port (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany) has been developed, and a new platform together with curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope) has been created. The D-Port allows to maintain one of the rules of laparoscopy, which is the optical system in the middle of the two ancillary operative tools. In addition, the cost of the procedure is not increased, due to the reusable material.
Video: This video shows a down-to-up rectal resection assisted by single incision laparoscopy, in a 65-year old man presenting with a rectal adenocarcinoma 4cm away from the anal margin. Preoperative work-up showed a T2N0M0 tumor, after radiochemotherapy. The procedure was performed transabdominally for the vascular dissection and transanally for the TME. The abdominal single site was then used for the placement of the temporary ileostomy.
Results: Total operative time was 301 minutes, and partial transanal laparoscopy was 145 minutes. Perioperative bleeding was 50cc. The final scar length was 2.5cm, and the patient was discharged after 5 days. The pathological report confirmed a pT2N0M0 tumor (15 negative nodes).
Conclusions: Down-to-up rectal resection is an interesting procedure, and when associated with single incision laparoscopy, it offers the possibility to use the single site as the site for temporary ileostomy.
Manual colorectal anastomosis during suprapubic single incision laparoscopic left hemicolectomy
Background: Single incision laparoscopic left hemicolectomy is a feasible procedure. A suprapubic access allows to offer satisfactory cosmetic results in case of an extended scar due to a large tumor. An intracorporeal circular mechanical anastomosis is the most common type. A manual anastomosis is feasible and allows to control lumen opening, potential bleeding, and overall to overcome the difficulty of transanal stapler insertion in case of high rectal transection.
Video: This video shows two different types of manual colorectal anastomosis, through a right suprapubic access.
1) Double-layer end-to-end
2) Monolayer end-to-end
Results: After an appropriate learning curve, time to perform the manual anastomosis is 40 minutes.
Conclusions: Different colorectal anastomoses can be performed and the surgeon has to choose the appropriate one, case by case.
To watch the video demonstrating the entire left hemicolectomy, please click here.
G Dapri
Surgical intervention
3 years ago
3728 views
85 likes
0 comments
04:02
Manual colorectal anastomosis during suprapubic single incision laparoscopic left hemicolectomy
Background: Single incision laparoscopic left hemicolectomy is a feasible procedure. A suprapubic access allows to offer satisfactory cosmetic results in case of an extended scar due to a large tumor. An intracorporeal circular mechanical anastomosis is the most common type. A manual anastomosis is feasible and allows to control lumen opening, potential bleeding, and overall to overcome the difficulty of transanal stapler insertion in case of high rectal transection.
Video: This video shows two different types of manual colorectal anastomosis, through a right suprapubic access.
1) Double-layer end-to-end
2) Monolayer end-to-end
Results: After an appropriate learning curve, time to perform the manual anastomosis is 40 minutes.
Conclusions: Different colorectal anastomoses can be performed and the surgeon has to choose the appropriate one, case by case.
To watch the video demonstrating the entire left hemicolectomy, please click here.
SILS (single access) transhiatal esophagectomy for cancer
An 82-year-old man was referred to our department for a 3cm long esophageal cancer.
He was smoking 40 cigarettes a day and drinking 1.5L of wine a day. He had a BMI of 21 and he was ASA 2.
A CT-scan showed a 3cm tumor not entering the muscle layer and no nodes were found in the mediastinum.
No liver metastases were visible on CT-scan and ultrasonography (US).
During GI endoscopy, a biopsy showed an esophageal adenocarcinoma.
Ejection fraction (EF) during cardiac ultrasound was 55%.
After 15 days of gym workouts in our department (15 minutes of exercise bike in the morning and 20 minutes in the afternoon, and inflating 30 balloons in the morning, 30 at lunchtime and 30 before nighttime), the patient was operated on.
A laparoscopic transhiatal single port esophagectomy was performed according to Orringer’s technique.
Procedure time was 195 minutes. Estimated blood loss was nihil. Time in ICU was 24 hours and hospital stay was 7 days.
This was our 11th case using this technique.
C Huscher
Surgical intervention
4 years ago
2518 views
105 likes
0 comments
08:29
SILS (single access) transhiatal esophagectomy for cancer
An 82-year-old man was referred to our department for a 3cm long esophageal cancer.
He was smoking 40 cigarettes a day and drinking 1.5L of wine a day. He had a BMI of 21 and he was ASA 2.
A CT-scan showed a 3cm tumor not entering the muscle layer and no nodes were found in the mediastinum.
No liver metastases were visible on CT-scan and ultrasonography (US).
During GI endoscopy, a biopsy showed an esophageal adenocarcinoma.
Ejection fraction (EF) during cardiac ultrasound was 55%.
After 15 days of gym workouts in our department (15 minutes of exercise bike in the morning and 20 minutes in the afternoon, and inflating 30 balloons in the morning, 30 at lunchtime and 30 before nighttime), the patient was operated on.
A laparoscopic transhiatal single port esophagectomy was performed according to Orringer’s technique.
Procedure time was 195 minutes. Estimated blood loss was nihil. Time in ICU was 24 hours and hospital stay was 7 days.
This was our 11th case using this technique.
Single port laparoscopic assisted anorectal pull-through in anorectal malformation
This is the case of a 21-month-old male infant, referred from another center, with anorectal malformation and rectourethral fistula. The patient underwent a colostomy two months earlier and weighed 10Kg. On physical examination, the intergluteal cleft is evident, the infant has a good anal fovea, and his coccyx is palpable. In the distal colostogram, the distance between the rectum and the anus is approximately 2.7cm. The patient underwent single port laparoscopic anorectal pull-through, using the GelPOINT® Mini advanced access platform at umbilical level and a 3mm accessory port was placed at left upper quadrant level. Dissection of the distal part and division of the fistula by a white cartridge 45mm and 10mm ECHELON™ Hem-o-Lok® to remove the fistula at the level of the membranous urethra. A 5mm trocar was placed at the level of the fovea anal and rectum is lowered. The length of the procedure was approximately 3 hours and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 3, and progressed satisfactorily. One advantage of the use of the GelPOINT® Mini advanced access platform is that it allows the introduction of a larger number of instruments of different diameters (3 to 15mm) through the GelSeal® cap without placing other working ports. The single port laparoscopic anorectal pull-through procedure seems to be an efficient method that allows for adequate visualization and tissue manipulation in these patients.
A Parilli, J Mejías, W Salcedo, G Contreras
Surgical intervention
4 years ago
1316 views
22 likes
0 comments
09:55
Single port laparoscopic assisted anorectal pull-through in anorectal malformation
This is the case of a 21-month-old male infant, referred from another center, with anorectal malformation and rectourethral fistula. The patient underwent a colostomy two months earlier and weighed 10Kg. On physical examination, the intergluteal cleft is evident, the infant has a good anal fovea, and his coccyx is palpable. In the distal colostogram, the distance between the rectum and the anus is approximately 2.7cm. The patient underwent single port laparoscopic anorectal pull-through, using the GelPOINT® Mini advanced access platform at umbilical level and a 3mm accessory port was placed at left upper quadrant level. Dissection of the distal part and division of the fistula by a white cartridge 45mm and 10mm ECHELON™ Hem-o-Lok® to remove the fistula at the level of the membranous urethra. A 5mm trocar was placed at the level of the fovea anal and rectum is lowered. The length of the procedure was approximately 3 hours and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 3, and progressed satisfactorily. One advantage of the use of the GelPOINT® Mini advanced access platform is that it allows the introduction of a larger number of instruments of different diameters (3 to 15mm) through the GelSeal® cap without placing other working ports. The single port laparoscopic anorectal pull-through procedure seems to be an efficient method that allows for adequate visualization and tissue manipulation in these patients.
Single port laparoscopic-assisted ileocolic resection for recurrent Crohn's disease
Background: Here we demonstrate a single port laparoscopic ileocolic resection technique in a patient with Crohn’s disease and recurrent anastomotic stricturing despite prior ileocaecal resection and medication.
Procedure: The procedure is begun with a 3cm transumbilical incision. After safe peritoneal entry, a wound protector-retractor was placed into the wound and then sealed for laparoscopy with a surgical glove port. Thereafter, the operation proceeded using a 30-degree high definition laparoscope with sterile in-line cabling (EndoEYE™, Olympus Corporation) along with other standard, rigid instrumentation (primarily an atraumatic grasper and a LigaSure™ sealer-cutter, Covidien). The strictured anastomotic segment was cleared of an omental adhesion and mobilized laterally. The proximal colon was fully mobilized and the duodenum as well as right gonadal vessels and ureter were clearly preserved. After medialization of the diseased segment, the glove port was removed and the specimen extracted (without further fascial extension) via the single port access site. A side-to-side stapled anastomosis was performed in the usual fashion and re-laparoscopy done after return of the bowel into the peritoneum.
Comment: Single port laparoscopic-assisted surgery is applicable to the re-operative setting in selected patients. Its advantages particularly apply to young patients who value body image and reduced scarring.
F Narouz, R Cahill
Surgical intervention
4 years ago
2255 views
44 likes
0 comments
12:34
Single port laparoscopic-assisted ileocolic resection for recurrent Crohn's disease
Background: Here we demonstrate a single port laparoscopic ileocolic resection technique in a patient with Crohn’s disease and recurrent anastomotic stricturing despite prior ileocaecal resection and medication.
Procedure: The procedure is begun with a 3cm transumbilical incision. After safe peritoneal entry, a wound protector-retractor was placed into the wound and then sealed for laparoscopy with a surgical glove port. Thereafter, the operation proceeded using a 30-degree high definition laparoscope with sterile in-line cabling (EndoEYE™, Olympus Corporation) along with other standard, rigid instrumentation (primarily an atraumatic grasper and a LigaSure™ sealer-cutter, Covidien). The strictured anastomotic segment was cleared of an omental adhesion and mobilized laterally. The proximal colon was fully mobilized and the duodenum as well as right gonadal vessels and ureter were clearly preserved. After medialization of the diseased segment, the glove port was removed and the specimen extracted (without further fascial extension) via the single port access site. A side-to-side stapled anastomosis was performed in the usual fashion and re-laparoscopy done after return of the bowel into the peritoneum.
Comment: Single port laparoscopic-assisted surgery is applicable to the re-operative setting in selected patients. Its advantages particularly apply to young patients who value body image and reduced scarring.
Single port laparoscopy and extraperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy
Background: To report the feasibility and reproducibility of single port extraperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy in locally advanced cervical cancer before chemoradiotherapy. This procedure is used in our institution in patients with negative PET-CT imaging in the para-aortic area to define radiation field limits more accurately.
Methods: Prospective study of patients with stage IB1N+-IVA cervical cancer treated at the Institute Gustave Roussy from January 2011 to January 2013.
Results: There was no conversion to laparotomy or to conventional multiport laparoscopy among our 50 cases. Only one failure occurred after removal of 2 nodes. In this case, we chose to stop the procedure because of the risk of a vascular complication due to the vascular anatomic variation. The median and mean number of lymph nodes removed were 18 [2-47] and 19 respectively. Six (12%) patients had metastatic para-aortic nodes. Radiotherapy fields were extended when para-aortic nodes were involved.
Conclusion: Extraperitoneal staging via a single port left iliac approach is feasible with conventional tools; it is reproducible and safe, and offers a high degree of cosmetic satisfaction.
S Gouy, C Uzan, A Leary, P Morice
Surgical intervention
4 years ago
2368 views
40 likes
0 comments
09:54
Single port laparoscopy and extraperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy
Background: To report the feasibility and reproducibility of single port extraperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy in locally advanced cervical cancer before chemoradiotherapy. This procedure is used in our institution in patients with negative PET-CT imaging in the para-aortic area to define radiation field limits more accurately.
Methods: Prospective study of patients with stage IB1N+-IVA cervical cancer treated at the Institute Gustave Roussy from January 2011 to January 2013.
Results: There was no conversion to laparotomy or to conventional multiport laparoscopy among our 50 cases. Only one failure occurred after removal of 2 nodes. In this case, we chose to stop the procedure because of the risk of a vascular complication due to the vascular anatomic variation. The median and mean number of lymph nodes removed were 18 [2-47] and 19 respectively. Six (12%) patients had metastatic para-aortic nodes. Radiotherapy fields were extended when para-aortic nodes were involved.
Conclusion: Extraperitoneal staging via a single port left iliac approach is feasible with conventional tools; it is reproducible and safe, and offers a high degree of cosmetic satisfaction.
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic right adrenalectomy with 1.8mm epigastric trocarless grasping forceps
Background: Single access laparoscopic adrenalectomy has been reported in supine and prone patient positioning. The authors report the technique with the patient in supine position, with the umbilicus as access site, and with all adopted material as reusable.

Video: A 43-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital for symptomatic primary hyperaldosteronism. A right-side adrenal adenoma was diagnosed, and surgery was proposed. The patient was placed in a supine position with a mild semi-lateral left-sided decubitus. The technique was performed using an 11mm reusable trocar to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree rigid and regular length scope, in addition to curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany). The right liver lobe was retracted using the 1.8mm trocarless grasping forceps according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope), inserted percutaneously under the 12th right rib. The procedure started with the adhesiolysis between the hepatic surface and right Gerota’s fascia. Then, after having identified the adrenal gland, it was dissected and the inferior adrenal arteries and veins were clipped between 5mm Hem-o-lok® clips (Teleflex Medical, Research Triangle Park, NC, US). The middle adrenal vein was clipped as well using the 5mm Hem-o-lok® ligation systems. Once the specimen was completely mobilized, a plastic bag (used for suction drain) was custom-made and introduced into the abdomen through the 11mm trocar. The specimen was removed transumbilically, and the procedure finished with the closure of the access site by absorbable figure of 8 sutures.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 98 minutes, estimated blood loss was 20cc, and the final scar length was 16mm. The patient was discharged from the hospital after 2 days.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single access laparoscopic right adrenalectomy is feasible and safe. With this technique, the cost of the procedure is not increased, the final scar length is minimal, and the working triangulation is established intrabdominally as well as externally.
G Dapri, L Gerard, M Bortes, V Zulian, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
4 years ago
1818 views
25 likes
0 comments
06:24
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic right adrenalectomy with 1.8mm epigastric trocarless grasping forceps
Background: Single access laparoscopic adrenalectomy has been reported in supine and prone patient positioning. The authors report the technique with the patient in supine position, with the umbilicus as access site, and with all adopted material as reusable.

Video: A 43-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital for symptomatic primary hyperaldosteronism. A right-side adrenal adenoma was diagnosed, and surgery was proposed. The patient was placed in a supine position with a mild semi-lateral left-sided decubitus. The technique was performed using an 11mm reusable trocar to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree rigid and regular length scope, in addition to curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tuttlingen, Germany). The right liver lobe was retracted using the 1.8mm trocarless grasping forceps according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope), inserted percutaneously under the 12th right rib. The procedure started with the adhesiolysis between the hepatic surface and right Gerota’s fascia. Then, after having identified the adrenal gland, it was dissected and the inferior adrenal arteries and veins were clipped between 5mm Hem-o-lok® clips (Teleflex Medical, Research Triangle Park, NC, US). The middle adrenal vein was clipped as well using the 5mm Hem-o-lok® ligation systems. Once the specimen was completely mobilized, a plastic bag (used for suction drain) was custom-made and introduced into the abdomen through the 11mm trocar. The specimen was removed transumbilically, and the procedure finished with the closure of the access site by absorbable figure of 8 sutures.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 98 minutes, estimated blood loss was 20cc, and the final scar length was 16mm. The patient was discharged from the hospital after 2 days.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single access laparoscopic right adrenalectomy is feasible and safe. With this technique, the cost of the procedure is not increased, the final scar length is minimal, and the working triangulation is established intrabdominally as well as externally.
Reduced port laparoscopic surgery: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with manual gastrojejunostomy
Background: The philosophy to reduce the invasiveness of minimal access surgery invested the last years of general laparoscopy. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has been reported to be feasible and safe. Reduced port laparoscopic surgery (RPLS) consists in performing conventional multiport laparoscopic procedures through a reduction in port number and size. In morbid obesity surgery, since patients undergo plastic reconstruction during follow-up, and the umbilicus is not a landmark and associated with wound complications due to adipose tissue, RPLS appears more valuable than SILS.

Video: A 21-year-old woman was admitted to the centre for morbid obesity. Her preoperative weight was 117 kg and her BMI was 40 kg/m2. A reduced port laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RPLGB) was proposed. The patient was placed legs apart on the operating table and the surgeon stood between her legs. Three ports were placed: a 12mm port in the umbilicus, a 5mm port in the right flank, and a 5mm port in the left flank. A 10mm, 30-degree scope was introduced into the 12mm port which remained there throughout the procedure except during the insertion of the roticulator linear stapler when the scope was switched to a 5mm, 30-degree one and introduced into the 5mm left flank port. A percutaneous stitch was placed at the apex of the right crus in order to retract the left liver lobe. A conventional Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with manual end-to-side one-layer gastrojejunostomy (length of alimentary limb: 50cm) and linear mechanical side-to-side jejunojejunostomy were performed, including closure of mesenteric and Petersen’s spaces.

Results: Operative time was 120 minutes and blood loss was unsignificant. Postoperative pain was controlled by paracetamol (4 g/day) used during the first 24 hours only. Patient discharge was allowed after 72 hours.

Conclusions: RPLGB for morbid obesity offers favorable cosmetic results in addition to reduced abdominal trauma and postoperative pain.
G Dapri
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
2008 views
14 likes
0 comments
09:19
Reduced port laparoscopic surgery: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with manual gastrojejunostomy
Background: The philosophy to reduce the invasiveness of minimal access surgery invested the last years of general laparoscopy. Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) has been reported to be feasible and safe. Reduced port laparoscopic surgery (RPLS) consists in performing conventional multiport laparoscopic procedures through a reduction in port number and size. In morbid obesity surgery, since patients undergo plastic reconstruction during follow-up, and the umbilicus is not a landmark and associated with wound complications due to adipose tissue, RPLS appears more valuable than SILS.

Video: A 21-year-old woman was admitted to the centre for morbid obesity. Her preoperative weight was 117 kg and her BMI was 40 kg/m2. A reduced port laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RPLGB) was proposed. The patient was placed legs apart on the operating table and the surgeon stood between her legs. Three ports were placed: a 12mm port in the umbilicus, a 5mm port in the right flank, and a 5mm port in the left flank. A 10mm, 30-degree scope was introduced into the 12mm port which remained there throughout the procedure except during the insertion of the roticulator linear stapler when the scope was switched to a 5mm, 30-degree one and introduced into the 5mm left flank port. A percutaneous stitch was placed at the apex of the right crus in order to retract the left liver lobe. A conventional Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with manual end-to-side one-layer gastrojejunostomy (length of alimentary limb: 50cm) and linear mechanical side-to-side jejunojejunostomy were performed, including closure of mesenteric and Petersen’s spaces.

Results: Operative time was 120 minutes and blood loss was unsignificant. Postoperative pain was controlled by paracetamol (4 g/day) used during the first 24 hours only. Patient discharge was allowed after 72 hours.

Conclusions: RPLGB for morbid obesity offers favorable cosmetic results in addition to reduced abdominal trauma and postoperative pain.
Single incision transumbilical laparoscopic bilateral inguinal hernia repair (TEP)
Background: Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia by preperitoneal mesh placement (TEP) has been popularized. Recently, with the advent of single incision transumbilical laparoscopy, this procedure has to be considered because it allows to place a big mesh with a very small final scar, which is also cosmetically acceptable.

Video: A 48-year-old male was admitted to hospital for right direct and indirect and left direct inguinal hernia. A single-incision transumbilical bilateral TEP was proposed. The patient was placed in a supine position with his legs straight. The surgeon stood first on the patient’s left and on the patient’s right later on in the procedure. The natural umbilical scar was incised and the rectus fascia on the left side was opened. A purse-string suture using Vicryl 1 was placed starting at a 9 o’clock position. An 11mm reusable metallic trocar was introduced behind the left rectus muscle into the preperitoneal space. A 0-degree, normal length and rigid scope was advanced into the 11mm trocar and the preperitoneal space was insufflated. This space was dissected using the optical system, first on the right side, and then on the left side. At the time of hernia sac retraction, a monocurved reusable grasping forceps IV according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany) was introduced inside the purse-string suture, at a 9 o’clock position, parallel to the 11mm trocar. The bilateral hernia sac was reduced, the peritoneal sheet was retracted, and the spermatic elements skeletonized. Two 15cm (latero-lateral) by 10cm (medial cranio-caudal) by 8cm (lateral cranio-caudal) polypropylene meshes (Bard Davol Inc., Warwick RI, US) were introduced through the 11mm trocar. Both meshes were adequately positioned using the monocurved grasping forceps, placing the lateral corner anteriorly to the peritoneal sheet and the medial corner underneath the pubic bone. Meshes were not fixed and the space was desufflated under view.

Results: Operative time was 67 minutes and the final incision length was 12mm. Postoperative pain was controlled by paracetamol (4 g/day) and the patient was discharged after 24 hours.

Conclusions: Single incision transumbilical bilateral TEP makes sense because it allows to place two big meshes using a very small final scar. This treatment allows to increase abdominal trauma reduction, already obtained through conventional multitrocar laparoscopic TEP.
G Dapri, L Gerard, V Zulian, M Bortes, J Bruyns, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
4053 views
74 likes
1 comment
07:50
Single incision transumbilical laparoscopic bilateral inguinal hernia repair (TEP)
Background: Laparoscopic repair of inguinal hernia by preperitoneal mesh placement (TEP) has been popularized. Recently, with the advent of single incision transumbilical laparoscopy, this procedure has to be considered because it allows to place a big mesh with a very small final scar, which is also cosmetically acceptable.

Video: A 48-year-old male was admitted to hospital for right direct and indirect and left direct inguinal hernia. A single-incision transumbilical bilateral TEP was proposed. The patient was placed in a supine position with his legs straight. The surgeon stood first on the patient’s left and on the patient’s right later on in the procedure. The natural umbilical scar was incised and the rectus fascia on the left side was opened. A purse-string suture using Vicryl 1 was placed starting at a 9 o’clock position. An 11mm reusable metallic trocar was introduced behind the left rectus muscle into the preperitoneal space. A 0-degree, normal length and rigid scope was advanced into the 11mm trocar and the preperitoneal space was insufflated. This space was dissected using the optical system, first on the right side, and then on the left side. At the time of hernia sac retraction, a monocurved reusable grasping forceps IV according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany) was introduced inside the purse-string suture, at a 9 o’clock position, parallel to the 11mm trocar. The bilateral hernia sac was reduced, the peritoneal sheet was retracted, and the spermatic elements skeletonized. Two 15cm (latero-lateral) by 10cm (medial cranio-caudal) by 8cm (lateral cranio-caudal) polypropylene meshes (Bard Davol Inc., Warwick RI, US) were introduced through the 11mm trocar. Both meshes were adequately positioned using the monocurved grasping forceps, placing the lateral corner anteriorly to the peritoneal sheet and the medial corner underneath the pubic bone. Meshes were not fixed and the space was desufflated under view.

Results: Operative time was 67 minutes and the final incision length was 12mm. Postoperative pain was controlled by paracetamol (4 g/day) and the patient was discharged after 24 hours.

Conclusions: Single incision transumbilical bilateral TEP makes sense because it allows to place two big meshes using a very small final scar. This treatment allows to increase abdominal trauma reduction, already obtained through conventional multitrocar laparoscopic TEP.
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for symptomatic pheochromocytoma
Background: Single access laparoscopy has been reported for adrenal gland surgery. This technique can also be applied for patients presenting non-small lesions and symptomatic diseases such as pheochromocytoma.

Video: A 17-year-old woman was admitted to hospital for severe headaches, palpitations, and tachycardia along with tremulousness, dizziness, and vomiting. A symptomatic left-side single location adrenal pheochromocytoma was diagnosed and a transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy was proposed. The patient was placed in a semi-lateral right-sided decubitus. The technique was performed using an 11mm reusable trocar to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree rigid and regular length scope in addition to curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany). The procedure started with the opening of the splenocolic ligament and, after mobilization of the splenopancreatic block medially, the adrenal lesion was demonstrated. Probably due to the size of the lesion, only two main adrenal vessels were found: vein and mid-artery. Both vessels were dissected and divided between 5mm non-absorbable clips. The specimen was retrieved transumbilically in a custom-made plastic bag.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 129 minutes, estimated blood loss 20cc, and the final scar length measured 16mm. The symptomatic status of the patient was resolved immediately. The patient was discharged from the intensive care unit after 3 days and from the hospital after 6 days.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for symptomatic pheochromocytoma is feasible and safe. In young ladies, it offers an excellent cosmetic result, avoiding abdominal trauma.
G Dapri, V Zulian, M Bortes, P Mathonet, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
1465 views
14 likes
0 comments
07:29
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for symptomatic pheochromocytoma
Background: Single access laparoscopy has been reported for adrenal gland surgery. This technique can also be applied for patients presenting non-small lesions and symptomatic diseases such as pheochromocytoma.

Video: A 17-year-old woman was admitted to hospital for severe headaches, palpitations, and tachycardia along with tremulousness, dizziness, and vomiting. A symptomatic left-side single location adrenal pheochromocytoma was diagnosed and a transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy was proposed. The patient was placed in a semi-lateral right-sided decubitus. The technique was performed using an 11mm reusable trocar to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree rigid and regular length scope in addition to curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany). The procedure started with the opening of the splenocolic ligament and, after mobilization of the splenopancreatic block medially, the adrenal lesion was demonstrated. Probably due to the size of the lesion, only two main adrenal vessels were found: vein and mid-artery. Both vessels were dissected and divided between 5mm non-absorbable clips. The specimen was retrieved transumbilically in a custom-made plastic bag.

Results: Laparoscopic time was 129 minutes, estimated blood loss 20cc, and the final scar length measured 16mm. The symptomatic status of the patient was resolved immediately. The patient was discharged from the intensive care unit after 3 days and from the hospital after 6 days.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single access laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for symptomatic pheochromocytoma is feasible and safe. In young ladies, it offers an excellent cosmetic result, avoiding abdominal trauma.
Transumbilical single incision laparoscopic pericystectomy of liver segment 7
Background: Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy has recently sparked interest mainly to improve cosmetic outcomes, while other potential advantages are currently under evaluation. This video presents a pericystectomy of liver segment 7 performed in a patient with a hydatic cyst.

Clinical case: A 26-year-old female, without any surgical history but with a body mass index of 20.6 kg/m2 consulted for a hepatic lesion. Preoperative work-up showed a hydatic cyst of liver segment 7 with renal adhesions. The procedure was performed using an 11mm reusable port to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree standard length scope, reusable curved instruments according to Dapri (Karl Storz Endoskope), and a straight Ligasure™ V (Covidien). Intraoperative ultrasonography allowed to identify the edges of pericystectomy. The specimen was retrieved through the umbilicus in a custom-made plastic bag, and morcellated at that level.

Results: No conversion to open surgery nor insertion of additional ports were necessary. Laparoscopy took 160 minutes, and the final umbilical incision length was 16mm. Pathologic data confirmed the presence of a hydatic cyst. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 5.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy is beneficial in liver surgery for benign lesions, due to minimal final scar length, which has cosmetic as well as additional potential advantages that need to be further investigated.
G Dapri, V Donckier
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
2753 views
66 likes
0 comments
05:40
Transumbilical single incision laparoscopic pericystectomy of liver segment 7
Background: Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy has recently sparked interest mainly to improve cosmetic outcomes, while other potential advantages are currently under evaluation. This video presents a pericystectomy of liver segment 7 performed in a patient with a hydatic cyst.

Clinical case: A 26-year-old female, without any surgical history but with a body mass index of 20.6 kg/m2 consulted for a hepatic lesion. Preoperative work-up showed a hydatic cyst of liver segment 7 with renal adhesions. The procedure was performed using an 11mm reusable port to accommodate a 10mm, 30-degree standard length scope, reusable curved instruments according to Dapri (Karl Storz Endoskope), and a straight Ligasure™ V (Covidien). Intraoperative ultrasonography allowed to identify the edges of pericystectomy. The specimen was retrieved through the umbilicus in a custom-made plastic bag, and morcellated at that level.

Results: No conversion to open surgery nor insertion of additional ports were necessary. Laparoscopy took 160 minutes, and the final umbilical incision length was 16mm. Pathologic data confirmed the presence of a hydatic cyst. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 5.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy is beneficial in liver surgery for benign lesions, due to minimal final scar length, which has cosmetic as well as additional potential advantages that need to be further investigated.
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication
Background: Different procedures have been reported to be feasible and safe through single access laparoscopy (SAL). A transumbilical SAL Toupet fundoplication is demonstrated here.

Video: A young lady sought care for gastroesophageal reflux disease associated with grade B esophagitis, hiatal hernia and esophageal dyskinesia. The SAL procedure was performed by the opening of the umbilicus through Hasson’s technique. An 11mm reusable trocar was inserted for a 10mm, 30-degree angled, non-flexible, and standard length scope. Curved reusable instruments according to Dapri (Karl Storz Endoskope) were introduced through the same scar without trocars. The gastroesophageal junction was exposed thanks to the insertion of a 2mm wire under the xiphoid access. Crura repair and fundoplication were performed using intracorporeal knots, with a curved needle-holder. The umbilicus was finally closed in layers.

Results: No extra-umbilical trocar was necessary, and no intraoperative complications were registered. Operative time was 172 minutes and the final umbilical scar was 15mm. Postoperative pain was kept minimal, and the patient was discharged on the third postoperative day after a satisfying gastrograffin swallow.

Conclusions: Transumbilical SAL Toupet fundoplication is feasible. Use of curved and reusable instruments permits to avoid the conflict between the instruments’ tips intracorporeally or between the surgeons’ hands externally. Thanks to this technique, the cost of SAL is similar to multi-trocar laparoscopy.
G Dapri, L Gerard, S Carandina, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
2735 views
35 likes
1 comment
08:05
Transumbilical single access laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication
Background: Different procedures have been reported to be feasible and safe through single access laparoscopy (SAL). A transumbilical SAL Toupet fundoplication is demonstrated here.

Video: A young lady sought care for gastroesophageal reflux disease associated with grade B esophagitis, hiatal hernia and esophageal dyskinesia. The SAL procedure was performed by the opening of the umbilicus through Hasson’s technique. An 11mm reusable trocar was inserted for a 10mm, 30-degree angled, non-flexible, and standard length scope. Curved reusable instruments according to Dapri (Karl Storz Endoskope) were introduced through the same scar without trocars. The gastroesophageal junction was exposed thanks to the insertion of a 2mm wire under the xiphoid access. Crura repair and fundoplication were performed using intracorporeal knots, with a curved needle-holder. The umbilicus was finally closed in layers.

Results: No extra-umbilical trocar was necessary, and no intraoperative complications were registered. Operative time was 172 minutes and the final umbilical scar was 15mm. Postoperative pain was kept minimal, and the patient was discharged on the third postoperative day after a satisfying gastrograffin swallow.

Conclusions: Transumbilical SAL Toupet fundoplication is feasible. Use of curved and reusable instruments permits to avoid the conflict between the instruments’ tips intracorporeally or between the surgeons’ hands externally. Thanks to this technique, the cost of SAL is similar to multi-trocar laparoscopy.
Suprapubic single incision laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis
Background: Single incision laparoscopy (SIL) has recently sparked considerable interest. The objectives of this technique are to improve cosmetic outcomes and to reduce invasiveness. Until now the umbilicus was the preferred way of entry, but suprapubic access can be an alternative especially for right hemicolectomy.

Clinical case: A 50-year-old male, without previous surgical history and a body mass index of 22 kg/m2 underwent colonoscopy due to anemia. A large base polyp was found in the right colon, and biopsy revealed a colic adenocarcinoma. No distant metastasis or lymphadenopathies were found during preoperative work-up. The technique consisted in performing the resection through the suprapubic access, using three reusable ports and reusable curved instruments according to Dapri (Karl Storz Endoskope). An intracorporeal anastomosis using a linear stapler was performed, the mesenteric defect was closed, and the access site was finally used for specimen extraction.

Results: No additional trocars or conversion to open surgery were necessary. Laparoscopic time was 240 minutes and the final incision length was 4.5cm. Pathological data confirmed the presence of a pT1N0 colonic adenocarcinoma, with 22 negative nodes. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 4.

Conclusions: Suprapubic SIL is a useful technique for right hemicolectomy because the mesocolic and the mesenteric dissections are performed on the same axis as the access site. Intracorporeal anastomosis is carried out without traction, and the gravitational effect of the operating table allows to expose the operative field and to maneuver the colon and the small bowel intracorporeally. Finally, this access can be enlarged for the extraction of the specimen without cosmetic damage.
G Dapri
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
4525 views
44 likes
1 comment
07:18
Suprapubic single incision laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis
Background: Single incision laparoscopy (SIL) has recently sparked considerable interest. The objectives of this technique are to improve cosmetic outcomes and to reduce invasiveness. Until now the umbilicus was the preferred way of entry, but suprapubic access can be an alternative especially for right hemicolectomy.

Clinical case: A 50-year-old male, without previous surgical history and a body mass index of 22 kg/m2 underwent colonoscopy due to anemia. A large base polyp was found in the right colon, and biopsy revealed a colic adenocarcinoma. No distant metastasis or lymphadenopathies were found during preoperative work-up. The technique consisted in performing the resection through the suprapubic access, using three reusable ports and reusable curved instruments according to Dapri (Karl Storz Endoskope). An intracorporeal anastomosis using a linear stapler was performed, the mesenteric defect was closed, and the access site was finally used for specimen extraction.

Results: No additional trocars or conversion to open surgery were necessary. Laparoscopic time was 240 minutes and the final incision length was 4.5cm. Pathological data confirmed the presence of a pT1N0 colonic adenocarcinoma, with 22 negative nodes. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 4.

Conclusions: Suprapubic SIL is a useful technique for right hemicolectomy because the mesocolic and the mesenteric dissections are performed on the same axis as the access site. Intracorporeal anastomosis is carried out without traction, and the gravitational effect of the operating table allows to expose the operative field and to maneuver the colon and the small bowel intracorporeally. Finally, this access can be enlarged for the extraction of the specimen without cosmetic damage.
Transumbilical single incision laparoscopic left ovariectomy
Background: Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy has been reported to be a feasible and safe procedure to treat gynecologic diseases. This video presents a left ovariectomy performed in a patient with a symptomatic giant ovarian cyst.

Clinical case: A 56-year-old female with a body mass index of 20.5 kg/m2, was consulted for abdominal pain localized in the left iliac fossa. Preoperative work-up showed a left ovarian cyst of 12cm in diameter. The cyst appeared to be round, with smooth walls, homogenic liquid, and without intracystic proliferations. The procedure was performed using an 11mm reusable port for a 10mm, 30-degree standard length scope, and curved reusable instruments according to Dapri (Karl Storz Endoskope). The specimen was extracted through the umbilicus in a custom-made plastic bag.

Results: No conversion to open surgery nor additional ports were necessary. The laparoscopy lasted 37 minutes and the final umbilical incision length was 15mm. Pathological data revealed a serous cystadenoma. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 1. At 7-month follow-up, no late complications were found and the patient was asymptomatic.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy is beneficial for gynecologic diseases and this technique allow for a final scar of minimal size. The cost of the procedure is similar to that of multi-port laparoscopy.
G Dapri, M Degueldre
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
2791 views
33 likes
1 comment
03:46
Transumbilical single incision laparoscopic left ovariectomy
Background: Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy has been reported to be a feasible and safe procedure to treat gynecologic diseases. This video presents a left ovariectomy performed in a patient with a symptomatic giant ovarian cyst.

Clinical case: A 56-year-old female with a body mass index of 20.5 kg/m2, was consulted for abdominal pain localized in the left iliac fossa. Preoperative work-up showed a left ovarian cyst of 12cm in diameter. The cyst appeared to be round, with smooth walls, homogenic liquid, and without intracystic proliferations. The procedure was performed using an 11mm reusable port for a 10mm, 30-degree standard length scope, and curved reusable instruments according to Dapri (Karl Storz Endoskope). The specimen was extracted through the umbilicus in a custom-made plastic bag.

Results: No conversion to open surgery nor additional ports were necessary. The laparoscopy lasted 37 minutes and the final umbilical incision length was 15mm. Pathological data revealed a serous cystadenoma. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 1. At 7-month follow-up, no late complications were found and the patient was asymptomatic.

Conclusions: Transumbilical single incision laparoscopy is beneficial for gynecologic diseases and this technique allow for a final scar of minimal size. The cost of the procedure is similar to that of multi-port laparoscopy.
SILS single port splenectomy in a woman diagnosed with idiopathic thrombocytopenia
Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become the technique of choice for surgical removal of the spleen since its first description in 1991. Indications for LS have rapidly increased and LS is now considered the standard approach for the treatment of benign and malignant hematologic disorders, especially by young patients who find small scars cosmetically preferable.
Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a rapidly evolving field as a bridge between traditional laparoscopic surgery and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery. In this video, we present an original technique of SILS splenectomy in a woman diagnosed with idiopathic thrombocytopenia. A 2.2cm left subcostal incision lateral to the rectus muscles was used for the placement of the single port device with conventional laparoscopic instruments, using a Veress needle covered by a small sponge to lift the spleen that was removed through the same incision.
F Corcione, F Pirozzi, F Galante
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
2486 views
38 likes
0 comments
05:51
SILS single port splenectomy in a woman diagnosed with idiopathic thrombocytopenia
Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) has become the technique of choice for surgical removal of the spleen since its first description in 1991. Indications for LS have rapidly increased and LS is now considered the standard approach for the treatment of benign and malignant hematologic disorders, especially by young patients who find small scars cosmetically preferable.
Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a rapidly evolving field as a bridge between traditional laparoscopic surgery and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery. In this video, we present an original technique of SILS splenectomy in a woman diagnosed with idiopathic thrombocytopenia. A 2.2cm left subcostal incision lateral to the rectus muscles was used for the placement of the single port device with conventional laparoscopic instruments, using a Veress needle covered by a small sponge to lift the spleen that was removed through the same incision.
Totally laparoscopic single port hepatic left lobectomy and cholecystectomy for cholangiocarcinoma
Background: Single port (SP) hepatic resection presents a few examples in the recent literature which suggest a clear possibility for better cosmetic results and shorter hospital stay. This video presents a patient who has undergone totally laparoscopic SP left hepatic lobectomy for cholangiocarcinoma and cholecystectomy for cholelitiasis.

The present case shows a 70-year-old woman with a BMI of 26 kg/m2 with documented 45mm hepatic mass and irregular margins involving segment III suggesting intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. A 40mm peri-umbilical incision was performed. SP hepatic left lobectomy was performed using a 4-access OCTO™ port (High-Tech Center, Seoul, Korea), with a 30-degree scope, a curved grasping forceps, and Atlas Ligasure™ (Covidien, USA) and Vascular Endo GIA™ (Covidien, USA); specimen retrieval was performed through the right periumbilical incision.

Results: No conversion to open surgery was necessary, neither were additional trocars. Total operative time was 120 minutes and laparoscopic time 80 minutes; liver transection time was 24 minutes. Final umbilical incision length was 40mm. Blood loss was lower than 40cc, no transfusion or abdominal drainage was required. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 2.

Conclusions: Left hepatic lobectomy for localized intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and associated cholecystectomy can be safely performed with a periumbilical SP procedure, with macro- and microscopically neoplasia-free margins.
U Cillo, E Gringeri, R Boetto, G Zanus
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
3857 views
30 likes
1 comment
05:20
Totally laparoscopic single port hepatic left lobectomy and cholecystectomy for cholangiocarcinoma
Background: Single port (SP) hepatic resection presents a few examples in the recent literature which suggest a clear possibility for better cosmetic results and shorter hospital stay. This video presents a patient who has undergone totally laparoscopic SP left hepatic lobectomy for cholangiocarcinoma and cholecystectomy for cholelitiasis.

The present case shows a 70-year-old woman with a BMI of 26 kg/m2 with documented 45mm hepatic mass and irregular margins involving segment III suggesting intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. A 40mm peri-umbilical incision was performed. SP hepatic left lobectomy was performed using a 4-access OCTO™ port (High-Tech Center, Seoul, Korea), with a 30-degree scope, a curved grasping forceps, and Atlas Ligasure™ (Covidien, USA) and Vascular Endo GIA™ (Covidien, USA); specimen retrieval was performed through the right periumbilical incision.

Results: No conversion to open surgery was necessary, neither were additional trocars. Total operative time was 120 minutes and laparoscopic time 80 minutes; liver transection time was 24 minutes. Final umbilical incision length was 40mm. Blood loss was lower than 40cc, no transfusion or abdominal drainage was required. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 2.

Conclusions: Left hepatic lobectomy for localized intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and associated cholecystectomy can be safely performed with a periumbilical SP procedure, with macro- and microscopically neoplasia-free margins.
Breast endoscopic single-site surgery for nipple-sparing mastectomy in oncological patient
Minimally invasive breast surgery has recently been proposed although the optimal technique still has not been determined. We report for the first time the new technique of video-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy (V-NSM) performed through an axillary single port access with gas flow for breast cancer. The technique was named BESS: breast endoscopic single site surgery. A 3cm skin incision in the axilla was used for all surgical procedures. If indicated, axillary operative steps (sentinel lymph node biopsy, full dissection) were performed under direct vision as well as the preparation of the breast tail. A single port device that can hold up to 3 instruments was then inserted into the axillary incision. Trocars were used for the placement of a 30-degree, 5mm scope and 2 operative instruments. The use of carbon dioxide gas flow allowed for an optimal operative field to easily separate the mammary gland from the superficial skin layer along the stretched Cooper’s ligaments, by using Ultracision 5-plus during the whole endoscopic time.
A Ferrari, A Sgarella, S Zonta, P Dionigi
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
7190 views
170 likes
2 comments
12:56
Breast endoscopic single-site surgery for nipple-sparing mastectomy in oncological patient
Minimally invasive breast surgery has recently been proposed although the optimal technique still has not been determined. We report for the first time the new technique of video-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy (V-NSM) performed through an axillary single port access with gas flow for breast cancer. The technique was named BESS: breast endoscopic single site surgery. A 3cm skin incision in the axilla was used for all surgical procedures. If indicated, axillary operative steps (sentinel lymph node biopsy, full dissection) were performed under direct vision as well as the preparation of the breast tail. A single port device that can hold up to 3 instruments was then inserted into the axillary incision. Trocars were used for the placement of a 30-degree, 5mm scope and 2 operative instruments. The use of carbon dioxide gas flow allowed for an optimal operative field to easily separate the mammary gland from the superficial skin layer along the stretched Cooper’s ligaments, by using Ultracision 5-plus during the whole endoscopic time.
Single incision transumbilical laparoscopic left hepatic lobectomy
Background: Single-incision laparoscopy (SIL) recently gained interest mainly to improve the cosmetic outcomes. This video shows a patient submitted to left hepatic lobectomy by transumbilical SIL.

Video: A 24 year-old woman with a BMI of 24.4 kg/m2 consulted for a hydatid cyst of the II-III hepatic segments. Preoperative work-up showed a hepatic hydatid cyst of the segment III, partially involving the segment II. A transumbilical SIL was performed using an 11mm trocar for a 10mm, standard length, 30-degree scope, and a curved grasping forceps, and Ligasure V. At the end of the resection, a custom-made plastic bag was inserted in the abdomen through the 11mm trocar, and the specimen was morcellated at the umbilicus inside it without tearing.

Results: No conversion to open surgery or additional trocars were necessary. Total operative time was 114 minutes and laparoscopic time 96 minutes. Final umbilical incision length was 20mm. The patient’s pain medication could be kept low and the patient was discharged on the 5th postoperative day. After 6 months, the patient was well with no visible scar.

Conclusion: Left hepatic lobectomy for benign lesions can safely be performed through transumbilical SIL. In the absence of malignancy, the final incision length can be kept minimal.
G Dapri, V Donckier, J Himpens, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
2663 views
24 likes
2 comments
05:12
Single incision transumbilical laparoscopic left hepatic lobectomy
Background: Single-incision laparoscopy (SIL) recently gained interest mainly to improve the cosmetic outcomes. This video shows a patient submitted to left hepatic lobectomy by transumbilical SIL.

Video: A 24 year-old woman with a BMI of 24.4 kg/m2 consulted for a hydatid cyst of the II-III hepatic segments. Preoperative work-up showed a hepatic hydatid cyst of the segment III, partially involving the segment II. A transumbilical SIL was performed using an 11mm trocar for a 10mm, standard length, 30-degree scope, and a curved grasping forceps, and Ligasure V. At the end of the resection, a custom-made plastic bag was inserted in the abdomen through the 11mm trocar, and the specimen was morcellated at the umbilicus inside it without tearing.

Results: No conversion to open surgery or additional trocars were necessary. Total operative time was 114 minutes and laparoscopic time 96 minutes. Final umbilical incision length was 20mm. The patient’s pain medication could be kept low and the patient was discharged on the 5th postoperative day. After 6 months, the patient was well with no visible scar.

Conclusion: Left hepatic lobectomy for benign lesions can safely be performed through transumbilical SIL. In the absence of malignancy, the final incision length can be kept minimal.
Transumbilical single-access perforated gastric ulcer repair
Background: Single-access laparoscopy (SAL) can be proposed in patients presenting peritonitis both for diagnosis and treatment. This video shows a transumbilical SAL performed for perforated gastric ulcer.

Video: A 30 year-old woman with a body mass index of 22.9 kg/m2 was admitted to the emergency room for diffuse abdominal pain. Preoperative work-up showed a pneumoperitoneum, hence a SAL was proposed to the patient. The procedure was performed using a standard 11mm reusable trocar for a 10mm, standard length, 30-degree scope, and curved reusable instruments inserted transumbilically without trocars. The cavity exploration showed a perforated gastric ulcer at the anterior surface of the prepyloric area. A suture repair, omentoplasty and lavage of the cavity was performed.

Results: No conversion to open surgery or additional trocars were necessary. Total operative time was 108 minutes and laparoscopic time 86 minutes. Final umbilical incision length was 15mm. The patient’s pain medication could be kept low and the patient was allowed to be discharged on the 5th postoperative day. After 6 months, the patient was well with no visible umbilical scar.

Conclusion: Transumbilical SAL can be proposed in selected patients for suspicion of perforated gastric ulcer, with the main advantage of cosmetic result.
G Dapri, J Himpens, GB Cadière
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
3771 views
50 likes
2 comments
05:17
Transumbilical single-access perforated gastric ulcer repair
Background: Single-access laparoscopy (SAL) can be proposed in patients presenting peritonitis both for diagnosis and treatment. This video shows a transumbilical SAL performed for perforated gastric ulcer.

Video: A 30 year-old woman with a body mass index of 22.9 kg/m2 was admitted to the emergency room for diffuse abdominal pain. Preoperative work-up showed a pneumoperitoneum, hence a SAL was proposed to the patient. The procedure was performed using a standard 11mm reusable trocar for a 10mm, standard length, 30-degree scope, and curved reusable instruments inserted transumbilically without trocars. The cavity exploration showed a perforated gastric ulcer at the anterior surface of the prepyloric area. A suture repair, omentoplasty and lavage of the cavity was performed.

Results: No conversion to open surgery or additional trocars were necessary. Total operative time was 108 minutes and laparoscopic time 86 minutes. Final umbilical incision length was 15mm. The patient’s pain medication could be kept low and the patient was allowed to be discharged on the 5th postoperative day. After 6 months, the patient was well with no visible umbilical scar.

Conclusion: Transumbilical SAL can be proposed in selected patients for suspicion of perforated gastric ulcer, with the main advantage of cosmetic result.
Single port appendectomy using the EK glove port: a cost-effective innovation
Single port laparoscopic surgery has emerged to enhance the cosmetic benefits and to decrease morbidity in minimally invasive surgery. However, this technique requires a specialized multichannel port (to introduce the laparoscope and instruments) which is very costly and not affordable for the majority of the population. We have improvised a single port access system using readily available materials like surgical gloves, the rigid plastic ring, the inner flexible ring and conventional laparoscopic trocars (the EK Port) with no added cost for the patient. This also eliminates the need for an Alexis® wound retractor. We have performed about 130 single port surgeries since September 2009 using this technique without any complications.
E Khiangte, I Newme
Surgical intervention
7 years ago
10665 views
60 likes
26 comments
05:09
Single port appendectomy using the EK glove port: a cost-effective innovation
Single port laparoscopic surgery has emerged to enhance the cosmetic benefits and to decrease morbidity in minimally invasive surgery. However, this technique requires a specialized multichannel port (to introduce the laparoscope and instruments) which is very costly and not affordable for the majority of the population. We have improvised a single port access system using readily available materials like surgical gloves, the rigid plastic ring, the inner flexible ring and conventional laparoscopic trocars (the EK Port) with no added cost for the patient. This also eliminates the need for an Alexis® wound retractor. We have performed about 130 single port surgeries since September 2009 using this technique without any complications.
Single incision right nephrectomy for severe hydrophrenosis in a transplanted patient
Laparoscopy is becoming the "gold standard" approach for nephrectomy when treating different benign and malignant diseases as well as for living donor transplantation.
During the last few months in both experimental and clinical settings, new techniques such as Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES™) and Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) or Single Port Laparoscopic Surgery (SPLS) have been attempted in order to reduce even more the surgical trauma in laparo-endoscopic procedures.
SPLS allows to perform different surgical procedures using the umbilicus as the only site to access the abdominal cavity and, by using special trocars and instruments, to perform the operation using the same techniques and principles of standard laparoscopic surgery.
The video describes our personal technique for totally single incision right nephrectomy for severe hydronephrosis in a patient who has undergone a kidney transplant a few years earlier.
A 62-year-old patient underwent a kidney transplant 5 years earlier due to a renal failure caused by a glomerular nephritis. The native kidneys were left in place.
Several admissions of patients presenting with recurrent sepsis were reported to the infectious disease department.
Recurrent sepsis was likely to be caused by the hydronephrosis induced by a large stone located in the middle part of the ureter.
The abdominal MRI showed the severe hydronephrosis of the native right kidney as well as a large stone.
A single incision nephrectomy was performed with no complications and the patient’s postoperative course was uneventful.
L Boni, G Dionigi, E Cassinotti, M Di Giuseppe, E Colombo, L Giavarini, SM Tenconi, F Cantore, M Tozzi, R Dionigi
Surgical intervention
8 years ago
3801 views
34 likes
0 comments
10:10
Single incision right nephrectomy for severe hydrophrenosis in a transplanted patient
Laparoscopy is becoming the "gold standard" approach for nephrectomy when treating different benign and malignant diseases as well as for living donor transplantation.
During the last few months in both experimental and clinical settings, new techniques such as Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES™) and Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS) or Single Port Laparoscopic Surgery (SPLS) have been attempted in order to reduce even more the surgical trauma in laparo-endoscopic procedures.
SPLS allows to perform different surgical procedures using the umbilicus as the only site to access the abdominal cavity and, by using special trocars and instruments, to perform the operation using the same techniques and principles of standard laparoscopic surgery.
The video describes our personal technique for totally single incision right nephrectomy for severe hydronephrosis in a patient who has undergone a kidney transplant a few years earlier.
A 62-year-old patient underwent a kidney transplant 5 years earlier due to a renal failure caused by a glomerular nephritis. The native kidneys were left in place.
Several admissions of patients presenting with recurrent sepsis were reported to the infectious disease department.
Recurrent sepsis was likely to be caused by the hydronephrosis induced by a large stone located in the middle part of the ureter.
The abdominal MRI showed the severe hydronephrosis of the native right kidney as well as a large stone.
A single incision nephrectomy was performed with no complications and the patient’s postoperative course was uneventful.
Single port cholecystectomy: impact of instrumentation in getting the critical view of safety
Single port access surgery may be the next generation of minimally invasive surgery thanks to the obvious advantages (e.g., scarless surgery, lesser pain, and faster postoperative recovery). Performing a cholecystectomy via a single trocar imposes a few technical constraints. The first is the necessity of correctly exposing the gallbladder, the second is to find the instrumentation that allows to perform the different dissection stages, ligature of the cystic duct and artery, but also to obtain an acceptable visualization of the Calot’s triangle. Various methods are proposed at the moment, along with different instruments: rigid, articulated, curved ones. In this video, we present two cholecystectomies, one is performed with conventional laparoscopic instruments, the other with curved instruments especially adapted for a unique trocar.
B Dallemagne, J Leroy, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
9 years ago
1023 views
42 likes
0 comments
07:41
Single port cholecystectomy: impact of instrumentation in getting the critical view of safety
Single port access surgery may be the next generation of minimally invasive surgery thanks to the obvious advantages (e.g., scarless surgery, lesser pain, and faster postoperative recovery). Performing a cholecystectomy via a single trocar imposes a few technical constraints. The first is the necessity of correctly exposing the gallbladder, the second is to find the instrumentation that allows to perform the different dissection stages, ligature of the cystic duct and artery, but also to obtain an acceptable visualization of the Calot’s triangle. Various methods are proposed at the moment, along with different instruments: rigid, articulated, curved ones. In this video, we present two cholecystectomies, one is performed with conventional laparoscopic instruments, the other with curved instruments especially adapted for a unique trocar.
Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS): gastric banding removal for acute gastric pouch dilatation
In a significantly short time, Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) for morbid obesity has become a common operation in Europe and elsewhere.
Recent series show a high percentage of patients re-operated on, almost always with excision of the banding system. The reasons for re-operation are esophagitis, band erosion, pouch dilatation, leakage from the balloon, and esophageal dilatation.
This video demonstrates the removal of a gastric band for acute gastric pouch dilatation. The procedure was completed using a single access technique, with conventional laparoscopic instrumentation. A 2cm incision is performed on the port site and the same one is removed first maintaining the connection tube on site in order to place traction on the band. A 10mm port is inserted using an open technique, and two further 5mm ports are placed anteriorly just to the left and to the right side of the previous one.
N Perrotta, A Cappiello, C Giudicianni, N Andriulo, T Marinelli, D Loffredo
Surgical intervention
9 years ago
2924 views
8 likes
0 comments
06:06
Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery (SILS): gastric banding removal for acute gastric pouch dilatation
In a significantly short time, Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) for morbid obesity has become a common operation in Europe and elsewhere.
Recent series show a high percentage of patients re-operated on, almost always with excision of the banding system. The reasons for re-operation are esophagitis, band erosion, pouch dilatation, leakage from the balloon, and esophageal dilatation.
This video demonstrates the removal of a gastric band for acute gastric pouch dilatation. The procedure was completed using a single access technique, with conventional laparoscopic instrumentation. A 2cm incision is performed on the port site and the same one is removed first maintaining the connection tube on site in order to place traction on the band. A 10mm port is inserted using an open technique, and two further 5mm ports are placed anteriorly just to the left and to the right side of the previous one.