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Monthly publications

#June 2017
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Laparoscopic appendectomy after appendicular phlegmon
Appendicitis is one of the main reasons for consultation and surgical interventions in the emergency departments around the world. If it is not diagnosed and treated timely, it can evolve towards an appendicular perforation, and as a result, it can become a peritonitis or an appendicular phlegmon. This latter case may occur in approximately 10% of cases.
Currently, the management of the appendicular phlegmon is controversial. Some authors prefer to perform an appendectomy immediately, and others are in favor of medical treatment using antibiotic therapy and percutaneous drainage if possible and delay appendectomy.
In this case, we present a patient presenting with an appendicular phlegmon in which a conservative management with percutaneous drainage and delayed surgery were decided upon.
P Saleg, A D'Urso, D Mutter, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
7354 views
513 likes
0 comments
04:17
Laparoscopic appendectomy after appendicular phlegmon
Appendicitis is one of the main reasons for consultation and surgical interventions in the emergency departments around the world. If it is not diagnosed and treated timely, it can evolve towards an appendicular perforation, and as a result, it can become a peritonitis or an appendicular phlegmon. This latter case may occur in approximately 10% of cases.
Currently, the management of the appendicular phlegmon is controversial. Some authors prefer to perform an appendectomy immediately, and others are in favor of medical treatment using antibiotic therapy and percutaneous drainage if possible and delay appendectomy.
In this case, we present a patient presenting with an appendicular phlegmon in which a conservative management with percutaneous drainage and delayed surgery were decided upon.
LIVE INTERACTIVE SURGERY: Interactive discussion around splenic flexure during laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for cancer
In this educational video, Professor Luc Soler gives a brief introduction of 3D reconstruction and modeling. Dr. Corcione introduces the main principles of trocar and port placement. He briefly demonstrates the technical aspects, main principles and key steps of laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for cancer in a 61-year-old male patient in a live interactive surgery. He highlights the technical aspects and main principles of lesser sac opening, vascular identification and division, splenic flexure mobilization, lateral mobilization, transection, suprapubic incision for specimen removal, and EEA anastomosis.
F Corcione, D Mutter, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
5796 views
317 likes
0 comments
58:02
LIVE INTERACTIVE SURGERY: Interactive discussion around splenic flexure during laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for cancer
In this educational video, Professor Luc Soler gives a brief introduction of 3D reconstruction and modeling. Dr. Corcione introduces the main principles of trocar and port placement. He briefly demonstrates the technical aspects, main principles and key steps of laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for cancer in a 61-year-old male patient in a live interactive surgery. He highlights the technical aspects and main principles of lesser sac opening, vascular identification and division, splenic flexure mobilization, lateral mobilization, transection, suprapubic incision for specimen removal, and EEA anastomosis.
Laparoscopic uterovaginal anastomoses for cervical agenesis
Cervical agenesis occurs in one in 80,000 to 100,000 births. According to the American Fertility Society, cervical agenesis should be classified as a type 1b Müllerian anomaly. According to the ESHRE/ESGE classification, it is classified in class C4 category.
This is the case of a 16 year-old female patient with primary amenorrhea and episodes of cyclical lower abdominal pain for one year. After complete examination and investigations, diagnosis of isolated cervical agenesis with hematometra and left ovarian chocolate cyst was established. Laparoscopic uterovaginal anastomoses were performed using an innovative technique and an appropriate management of endometriosis. A hysteroscopy was later performed and showed anastomotic patency. As a result, the patient has been experiencing spontaneous regular menstruation for nine months.
Suy Naval, R Naval, Sud Naval, A Padmawar
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
1756 views
176 likes
0 comments
07:49
Laparoscopic uterovaginal anastomoses for cervical agenesis
Cervical agenesis occurs in one in 80,000 to 100,000 births. According to the American Fertility Society, cervical agenesis should be classified as a type 1b Müllerian anomaly. According to the ESHRE/ESGE classification, it is classified in class C4 category.
This is the case of a 16 year-old female patient with primary amenorrhea and episodes of cyclical lower abdominal pain for one year. After complete examination and investigations, diagnosis of isolated cervical agenesis with hematometra and left ovarian chocolate cyst was established. Laparoscopic uterovaginal anastomoses were performed using an innovative technique and an appropriate management of endometriosis. A hysteroscopy was later performed and showed anastomotic patency. As a result, the patient has been experiencing spontaneous regular menstruation for nine months.
The 3 approaches to splenic flexure mobilization
Background: The mobilization of the splenic flexure during laparoscopic colorectal surgery can be a challenge, especially in anatomically difficult patients. In this video, the inframesocolic, the supramesocolic, and lateral-to-medial approaches are demonstrated.

Video: The first part of the video shows the inframesocolic approach where the opening of the transverse mesocolon, above the pancreatic body and tail, allows access to the lesser sac and the exposure of the spleen. The second part of the video shows the supramesocolic approach where reaching Gerota’s fascia allows the flexure to be taken down. The third part of the video shows the lateral-to-medial approach where opening the lesser sac allows the flexure to be mobilized.

Results: All three approaches are laparoscopically feasible and safe. The goal remains similar, that is to avoid anastomotic tension. The operative time for this step, during the entire colorectal procedure, is influenced by the patient’s characteristics (previous surgery, high splenic flexure, short mesentery, etc.) and obviously, by the surgeon’s learning curve.

Conclusions: The choice between the three approaches depends on the patient’s characteristics and on the surgeon’s habits.
G Dapri, NA Bascombe, GB Cadière, J Marks
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
3966 views
339 likes
0 comments
11:51
The 3 approaches to splenic flexure mobilization
Background: The mobilization of the splenic flexure during laparoscopic colorectal surgery can be a challenge, especially in anatomically difficult patients. In this video, the inframesocolic, the supramesocolic, and lateral-to-medial approaches are demonstrated.

Video: The first part of the video shows the inframesocolic approach where the opening of the transverse mesocolon, above the pancreatic body and tail, allows access to the lesser sac and the exposure of the spleen. The second part of the video shows the supramesocolic approach where reaching Gerota’s fascia allows the flexure to be taken down. The third part of the video shows the lateral-to-medial approach where opening the lesser sac allows the flexure to be mobilized.

Results: All three approaches are laparoscopically feasible and safe. The goal remains similar, that is to avoid anastomotic tension. The operative time for this step, during the entire colorectal procedure, is influenced by the patient’s characteristics (previous surgery, high splenic flexure, short mesentery, etc.) and obviously, by the surgeon’s learning curve.

Conclusions: The choice between the three approaches depends on the patient’s characteristics and on the surgeon’s habits.
Laparoscopic left complete mesocolic excision for stented descending colon cancer
Complete mesocolic excision (CME) with central vessel ligation (CVL) was first introduced with the aim to preserve an intact layer of mesocolon, containing all blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, and surrounding soft tissue during colorectal cancer resection. The supplying vessels are also transected at their origin for optimal oncological outcomes. This method has been extensively studied in right colonic cancers with improvement in local recurrence and survival rates when compared to the conventional approach. Its excellent results are attributed to the superior lymph node harvest and removal of disseminated cancer cells in the surrounding soft tissue. Similarly, such advantages can be translated to left hemicolectomy with the use of CME with a CVL approach. Additionally, in left hemicolectomy, the vessels ligated (left branch of middle colic and left colic) are branches of vessels from the aorta rather than from the aorta directly, often limiting lymph node harvest. CME with CVL can help to overcome this limitation in left hemicolectomy. We present a video of a laparoscopic CME and CVL in a 48-year-old Chinese male with large bowel obstruction secondary to a descending colonic tumor which was successfully stented one week before.
SAE Yeo, MH Chang
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
2822 views
314 likes
0 comments
08:47
Laparoscopic left complete mesocolic excision for stented descending colon cancer
Complete mesocolic excision (CME) with central vessel ligation (CVL) was first introduced with the aim to preserve an intact layer of mesocolon, containing all blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, and surrounding soft tissue during colorectal cancer resection. The supplying vessels are also transected at their origin for optimal oncological outcomes. This method has been extensively studied in right colonic cancers with improvement in local recurrence and survival rates when compared to the conventional approach. Its excellent results are attributed to the superior lymph node harvest and removal of disseminated cancer cells in the surrounding soft tissue. Similarly, such advantages can be translated to left hemicolectomy with the use of CME with a CVL approach. Additionally, in left hemicolectomy, the vessels ligated (left branch of middle colic and left colic) are branches of vessels from the aorta rather than from the aorta directly, often limiting lymph node harvest. CME with CVL can help to overcome this limitation in left hemicolectomy. We present a video of a laparoscopic CME and CVL in a 48-year-old Chinese male with large bowel obstruction secondary to a descending colonic tumor which was successfully stented one week before.
Subtotal gastrectomy and D1+ lymphadenectomy for distal stage IB gastric cancer with preservation of an accessory left hepatic artery
This video shows a partial gastrectomy in a 63-year-old woman with a stage IB gastric cancer located at the distal third of the stomach. The lesion was located using intraoperatory endoscopy. We found an accessory left hepatic artery originating from the left gastric artery, which was preserved. The gastrojejunostomy was performed in a Roux-en-Y fashion. The alimentary limb was ascended through the transverse mesocolon. The jejunojejunostomy was performed in a latero-lateral fashion with closure of the ostium with simple Ethibond 2/0 stitches. The skin incision used for trocar placement in the upper left abdomen (right hand of the surgeon) was slightly enlarged to allow for specimen extraction.
P Vorwald, R Restrepo, G Salcedo, M Posada
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
1978 views
227 likes
0 comments
11:41
Subtotal gastrectomy and D1+ lymphadenectomy for distal stage IB gastric cancer with preservation of an accessory left hepatic artery
This video shows a partial gastrectomy in a 63-year-old woman with a stage IB gastric cancer located at the distal third of the stomach. The lesion was located using intraoperatory endoscopy. We found an accessory left hepatic artery originating from the left gastric artery, which was preserved. The gastrojejunostomy was performed in a Roux-en-Y fashion. The alimentary limb was ascended through the transverse mesocolon. The jejunojejunostomy was performed in a latero-lateral fashion with closure of the ostium with simple Ethibond 2/0 stitches. The skin incision used for trocar placement in the upper left abdomen (right hand of the surgeon) was slightly enlarged to allow for specimen extraction.
Colorectal resection in deep endometriosis: multidisciplinary laparoscopic approach (colorectal and gynecologic surgical teams)
In this video, we present the clinical case of a 42-year-old woman with deep pelvic endometriosis with rectal infiltration. After hormone therapy, the patient was operated on due to chronic pain. A laparoscopic approach was performed by a multidisciplinary team including colorectal and gynecologic surgeons having a wide experience in this field.
A CT-scan, MRI, and colonoscopy were performed before the surgery showing a deep infiltrating endometriosis with anterior rectal bowel involvement in the images and normal colorectal mucosa in the endoscopy.
Under general anesthesia, the laparoscopic approach was performed with 4 trocars. Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) required a hysterectomy and rectal resection to clean all the pelvic space. An end-to-end colorectal anastomosis was performed and the extraction of the specimen (uterus and rectum) was carried out transvaginally. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 4 without complications.
JF Noguera, MD, PhD, J Gilabert-Estelles, J Aguirrezabalaga, B López, J Dolz
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
2582 views
297 likes
0 comments
09:55
Colorectal resection in deep endometriosis: multidisciplinary laparoscopic approach (colorectal and gynecologic surgical teams)
In this video, we present the clinical case of a 42-year-old woman with deep pelvic endometriosis with rectal infiltration. After hormone therapy, the patient was operated on due to chronic pain. A laparoscopic approach was performed by a multidisciplinary team including colorectal and gynecologic surgeons having a wide experience in this field.
A CT-scan, MRI, and colonoscopy were performed before the surgery showing a deep infiltrating endometriosis with anterior rectal bowel involvement in the images and normal colorectal mucosa in the endoscopy.
Under general anesthesia, the laparoscopic approach was performed with 4 trocars. Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) required a hysterectomy and rectal resection to clean all the pelvic space. An end-to-end colorectal anastomosis was performed and the extraction of the specimen (uterus and rectum) was carried out transvaginally. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 4 without complications.