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Three-trocar laparoscopic right ileocolectomy for advanced small bowel neuroendocrine tumor
Background: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) was shown to offer advantages in general and oncologic surgery (1). Over the last decade, reduced port laparoscopy (RPL) has been introduced to reduce the risks related to ports and abdominal wall trauma, with enhanced cosmetic outcomes (2). In this video, the authors report the case of a 59-year-old man with a small bowel neuroendocrine tumor, and who underwent a three-trocar right ileocolectomy.
Video: Preoperative work-up, including endoscopic ultrasound, octreoscan, PET-scan, and FDG PET-CT, showed a 15mm small bowel tumor with mesenteric and transverse mesocolic extension, until the muscularis propria of the third portion of the duodenum. The biopsy revealed a low-grade well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor. The procedure was performed using three abdominal trocars: a 12mm one in the umbilicus, a 5mm one in the right flank, and a 5mm port in the left flank (Figure 1). Abdominal cavity exploration demonstrated the presence of a tumor located in the mesentery of the last small bowel loop, with consequent bowel retraction, dislocation of the caecum and appendix, located under the right lobe of the liver, and tumoral extension into the proximal transverse mesocolon. After mobilization of the right colon from laterally to medially, the second and third duodenal segments were exposed, showing tumor extension towards the anterior duodenal wall of these segments. After encircling the anterior aspect of the duodenal wall with a piece of cotton tape (Figure 2), an endoscopic linear stapler was inserted through the umbilical trocar under the visual guidance of a 5mm scope in the left flank (Figure 3a), and it was fired (Figure 3b). The specimen was removed through a suprapubic access. Perioperative frozen section biopsy showed a free duodenal margin, and the procedure was subsequently completed with an ileocolic anastomosis, performed in a side-to-side handsewn intracorporeal fashion. At the end, the mesocolic defect was closed.

Results: Operative time was 4 hours. No added trocars were necessary. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 4. Pathological findings showed a grade I well-differentiated small bowel neuroendocrine tumor, with lymphovascular emboli and perinervous infiltration (1/20 metastatic nodes, free margins, stage: pT3N1 (8 UICC edition). A follow-up under somatostatin therapy was put forward.

Conclusions: RPL is a feasible option when performing advanced oncological surgery. Patients benefit from all MIS advantages, including reduced trocar complications and enhanced cosmetic outcomes.
G Dapri