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Laparoscopic rectal shaving for rectocervical endometriotic nodule
This is the case of a 32-year-old G0P0 woman presenting with severe dysmenorrhea, severe dyspareunia, and constipation. Pelvic examination showed a normal vagina, a fixed uterus, and mobile adnexae. Transvaginal ultrasonography (TvUSG) showed that the uterus and both ovaries were normal. A left parasalpingeal endometrioma (15mm), an obliterated Douglas pouch, as well as rectocervical and infiltrated rectal nodules (18mm and 0.6mm respectively) were also evidenced. Since bilateral ovaries were fixed to the pelvic sidewall, the operative strategy included bilateral ureterolysis and dissection of the hypogastric nerve and the pararectal fossa. Finally, the rectocervical nodule was mobilized by performing cervical and rectal shaving. The rectum was controlled by means of a methylene blue test. The final pathology was endometriosis.
H Altuntaş
Хирургические операции
1 год назад
5893 просмотра
490 лайков
0 комментариев
06:58
Laparoscopic rectal shaving for rectocervical endometriotic nodule
This is the case of a 32-year-old G0P0 woman presenting with severe dysmenorrhea, severe dyspareunia, and constipation. Pelvic examination showed a normal vagina, a fixed uterus, and mobile adnexae. Transvaginal ultrasonography (TvUSG) showed that the uterus and both ovaries were normal. A left parasalpingeal endometrioma (15mm), an obliterated Douglas pouch, as well as rectocervical and infiltrated rectal nodules (18mm and 0.6mm respectively) were also evidenced. Since bilateral ovaries were fixed to the pelvic sidewall, the operative strategy included bilateral ureterolysis and dissection of the hypogastric nerve and the pararectal fossa. Finally, the rectocervical nodule was mobilized by performing cervical and rectal shaving. The rectum was controlled by means of a methylene blue test. The final pathology was endometriosis.
Laparoscopic treatment of bilateral endometriotic cysts
The different surgical approaches to ovarian endometriosis are the following: ovarian cystectomy, endometrioma fenestration and removal, or a technique combining cystectomy and removal.
In order to perform a cystectomy without damaging the ovary, different steps must be followed, including adhesiolysis between the ovary and the broad ligament, cyst opening at the site of eversion and adhesion. Traction and counter-traction allow to separate the cyst’s wall from the ovarian cortex. As the endometrioma is surrounded by a fibrotic capsule, there is a risk of removing normal ovarian tissue and ovocytes. Blood vessels must be identified and selective coagulation must be performed to prevent destruction of the normal ovarian tissue.
Endometrioma fenestration and removal can be performed with different sources of energy such as bipolar coagulation, carbon dioxide laser and plasma energy. Depending on the size of the endometrioma, the removal technique can be performed in one or three steps. But to avoid 2 laparoscopic procedures, a combined technique of excision and removal of the endometrioma could be offered in cases of large cysts.
Medical treatment is administered preoperatively only in cases of pelvic pain and postoperatively in cases of pelvic pain and if there is no desire for pregnancy.
According to a recent systematic review and meta-analysis, the ovarian reserve, evaluated by the AMH level, is affected by surgery, and even more in cases of bilateral cysts.

To conclude, ovarian endometrioma surgery requires a learning curve to prevent ovarian damage, which can be caused by normal ovarian tissue removal or by a strong coagulation. Repetitive surgery has to be clearly evaluated as it is also responsible for ovarian reserve decrease.
M Nisolle
Лекции
4 года назад
2615 просмотров
97 лайков
1 комментарий
19:00
Laparoscopic treatment of bilateral endometriotic cysts
The different surgical approaches to ovarian endometriosis are the following: ovarian cystectomy, endometrioma fenestration and removal, or a technique combining cystectomy and removal.
In order to perform a cystectomy without damaging the ovary, different steps must be followed, including adhesiolysis between the ovary and the broad ligament, cyst opening at the site of eversion and adhesion. Traction and counter-traction allow to separate the cyst’s wall from the ovarian cortex. As the endometrioma is surrounded by a fibrotic capsule, there is a risk of removing normal ovarian tissue and ovocytes. Blood vessels must be identified and selective coagulation must be performed to prevent destruction of the normal ovarian tissue.
Endometrioma fenestration and removal can be performed with different sources of energy such as bipolar coagulation, carbon dioxide laser and plasma energy. Depending on the size of the endometrioma, the removal technique can be performed in one or three steps. But to avoid 2 laparoscopic procedures, a combined technique of excision and removal of the endometrioma could be offered in cases of large cysts.
Medical treatment is administered preoperatively only in cases of pelvic pain and postoperatively in cases of pelvic pain and if there is no desire for pregnancy.
According to a recent systematic review and meta-analysis, the ovarian reserve, evaluated by the AMH level, is affected by surgery, and even more in cases of bilateral cysts.

To conclude, ovarian endometrioma surgery requires a learning curve to prevent ovarian damage, which can be caused by normal ovarian tissue removal or by a strong coagulation. Repetitive surgery has to be clearly evaluated as it is also responsible for ovarian reserve decrease.
Laparoscopic management of bladder endometriosis
Endometriosis is an enigmatic disorder, which affects women in their reproductive age. Failure of recent clinical trials on non-surgical management of endometriosis confirms the role of surgery as a viable treatment of choice. However, recurrence after surgery is common. Recurrence rate varies according to the surgeon’s skills, instrumentation, surgical techniques, and to the postoperative intervention outcome. In patients with severe endometriosis, lesions usually involve the posterior cul-de-sac, anterior rectum, one or both pelvic sidewalls, involving the ureters, the rectosigmoid, and less commonly the anterior bladder, the appendix, and the small bowel. Ureteral retroperitoneal dissection becomes mandatory in extensive endometriosis due to pelvic anatomical distortion. It also leaves the bowel intact without injuring it as the pseudo-peritoneum is lifted along with the inflamed bowel. Consequently, in the surgical practice of benign pathologies, a proper knowledge of the retroperitoneal anatomy ensures complete clearance in cases of advanced endometriosis and frozen pelvis. Here, we present a very interesting case of bladder endometriosis associated with hematuria during menstruation. Partial cystectomy is the treatment of choice for patients with bladder endometriosis in most cases. Provided surgeons are skilled and lesions require no ureteral reimplantation, operative laparoscopy is a valid alternative to laparotomy for partial cystectomy.
D Limbachiya
Хирургические операции
4 года назад
2234 просмотра
65 лайков
0 комментариев
06:56
Laparoscopic management of bladder endometriosis
Endometriosis is an enigmatic disorder, which affects women in their reproductive age. Failure of recent clinical trials on non-surgical management of endometriosis confirms the role of surgery as a viable treatment of choice. However, recurrence after surgery is common. Recurrence rate varies according to the surgeon’s skills, instrumentation, surgical techniques, and to the postoperative intervention outcome. In patients with severe endometriosis, lesions usually involve the posterior cul-de-sac, anterior rectum, one or both pelvic sidewalls, involving the ureters, the rectosigmoid, and less commonly the anterior bladder, the appendix, and the small bowel. Ureteral retroperitoneal dissection becomes mandatory in extensive endometriosis due to pelvic anatomical distortion. It also leaves the bowel intact without injuring it as the pseudo-peritoneum is lifted along with the inflamed bowel. Consequently, in the surgical practice of benign pathologies, a proper knowledge of the retroperitoneal anatomy ensures complete clearance in cases of advanced endometriosis and frozen pelvis. Here, we present a very interesting case of bladder endometriosis associated with hematuria during menstruation. Partial cystectomy is the treatment of choice for patients with bladder endometriosis in most cases. Provided surgeons are skilled and lesions require no ureteral reimplantation, operative laparoscopy is a valid alternative to laparotomy for partial cystectomy.
The indications of transvaginal endoscopy for diagnosis and treatment of infertility
Standard laparoscopy is frequently postponed and omitted in the exploration of the infertile patient. It is a rather invasive and not innocuous procedure. However, direct endoscopic visualization of the pelvis and the uterine cavity is still considered the gold standard and it is preferred over indirect imaging techniques.
The transvaginal single access approach offers the opportunity to explore the uterus and tubo-ovarian organs in an ambulatory “one-stop fertility” clinical setting. Only direct visualization of the pelvis allows for an accurate diagnosis of minimal endometriosis, tubo-ovarian adhesions, sequellae of PID. When indicated, the procedure was completed with a patency test, salpingoscopy and hysteroscopy. In patients without obvious pelvic pathology, transvafinal endoscopy (TVE) can be used as a first-line diagnostic procedure without postponing an early diagnosis and accurate therapy.
Because of the easy access to the fossa ovarica, the preferred implantation site of endometriosis, limited surgical procedures such as adhesiolysis become possible, the same goes for the treatment of ovarian endometrioma, and ovarian drilling. It allows for an accurate and meticulous dissection of peri-ovarian adhesions and hydroflotation is very helpful in the identification of the exact cleavage plane between the different organs. Small scissors, forceps, and a bipolar coagulation probe are used. A meticulous hemostasis is mandatory, as bleeding will disturb visualization in a watery medium. In case of endometriosis, after the endometrioma has been opened, the chocolate fluid is removed and the inner site of the cyst is superfluously rinsed. The bipolar probe is used to fulgurate the inner endometrial layering.
To drill the ovarian capsule, we use a 5 French bipolar needle (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany). On each ovary, 5 to 10 punctures were created preferentially at the antero-lateral side of the ovary. The 5 French bipolar needle is gently pushed against the ovarian surface and current is activated with an energy output of 70 Watts. The procedure was carried out in the ambulatory patient in a one-day clinical setting.
S Gordts
Лекции
4 года назад
1088 просмотров
33 лайка
1 комментарий
30:53
The indications of transvaginal endoscopy for diagnosis and treatment of infertility
Standard laparoscopy is frequently postponed and omitted in the exploration of the infertile patient. It is a rather invasive and not innocuous procedure. However, direct endoscopic visualization of the pelvis and the uterine cavity is still considered the gold standard and it is preferred over indirect imaging techniques.
The transvaginal single access approach offers the opportunity to explore the uterus and tubo-ovarian organs in an ambulatory “one-stop fertility” clinical setting. Only direct visualization of the pelvis allows for an accurate diagnosis of minimal endometriosis, tubo-ovarian adhesions, sequellae of PID. When indicated, the procedure was completed with a patency test, salpingoscopy and hysteroscopy. In patients without obvious pelvic pathology, transvafinal endoscopy (TVE) can be used as a first-line diagnostic procedure without postponing an early diagnosis and accurate therapy.
Because of the easy access to the fossa ovarica, the preferred implantation site of endometriosis, limited surgical procedures such as adhesiolysis become possible, the same goes for the treatment of ovarian endometrioma, and ovarian drilling. It allows for an accurate and meticulous dissection of peri-ovarian adhesions and hydroflotation is very helpful in the identification of the exact cleavage plane between the different organs. Small scissors, forceps, and a bipolar coagulation probe are used. A meticulous hemostasis is mandatory, as bleeding will disturb visualization in a watery medium. In case of endometriosis, after the endometrioma has been opened, the chocolate fluid is removed and the inner site of the cyst is superfluously rinsed. The bipolar probe is used to fulgurate the inner endometrial layering.
To drill the ovarian capsule, we use a 5 French bipolar needle (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany). On each ovary, 5 to 10 punctures were created preferentially at the antero-lateral side of the ovary. The 5 French bipolar needle is gently pushed against the ovarian surface and current is activated with an energy output of 70 Watts. The procedure was carried out in the ambulatory patient in a one-day clinical setting.
Laparoscopic ileocaecal and sigmoid resection with transanal natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) for endometriosis
In 12 to 30% of endometriosis cases, the disease is located in the bowel. Caecum and small bowel endometriosis are found in only 3.6% and 7% respectively of those cases while the sigmoid colon and the rectum are most commonly affected in 85% of cases. The laparoscopic management of this disease has evolved drastically over the last decade, and even delicate cases such as small bowel endometriosis can be completely managed by laparoscopy. It is key to be locally invasive towards the disease but conservative with regards to organ function preservation. The specimen will be extracted through natural orifices and without any ileostomy. Our patients are commonly young and healthy women who will certainly benefit from a tailored surgery with immediate symptom relief in addition to minimum abdominal scarring can have a significant positive impact on patient’s psychological well-being and subsequent recovery.
In the present case, we present a 36-year old woman who was diagnosed with endometriosis and presented with 3 episodes of bowel pseudo-obstruction and dyschezia, and put under medical treatment. She was found to have multiple endometriotic nodules, with concurrent ileocaecal and rectosigmoid disease, for which a double bowel resection with transanal natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) was performed without complications.
A Wattiez, J Leroy, C Meza Paul, K Afors, J Castellano, G Centini, R Fernandes, R Murtada
Хирургические операции
5 лет назад
1950 просмотров
46 лайков
0 комментариев
38:15
Laparoscopic ileocaecal and sigmoid resection with transanal natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) for endometriosis
In 12 to 30% of endometriosis cases, the disease is located in the bowel. Caecum and small bowel endometriosis are found in only 3.6% and 7% respectively of those cases while the sigmoid colon and the rectum are most commonly affected in 85% of cases. The laparoscopic management of this disease has evolved drastically over the last decade, and even delicate cases such as small bowel endometriosis can be completely managed by laparoscopy. It is key to be locally invasive towards the disease but conservative with regards to organ function preservation. The specimen will be extracted through natural orifices and without any ileostomy. Our patients are commonly young and healthy women who will certainly benefit from a tailored surgery with immediate symptom relief in addition to minimum abdominal scarring can have a significant positive impact on patient’s psychological well-being and subsequent recovery.
In the present case, we present a 36-year old woman who was diagnosed with endometriosis and presented with 3 episodes of bowel pseudo-obstruction and dyschezia, and put under medical treatment. She was found to have multiple endometriotic nodules, with concurrent ileocaecal and rectosigmoid disease, for which a double bowel resection with transanal natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) was performed without complications.
Mucosal skinning for bowel endometriosis: standard technique
Bowel endometriosis is described in 3% to 37% of patients with endometriosis. In 90% of these cases, the rectum, the sigmoid colon or both are involved. It is the most severe form of the disease and its surgical management is complex. Surgery is very challenging and the degree of radical excision should always be counterbalanced with the risk of complications and functional disorders. Four types of surgery can be chosen: superficial excision or shaving, mucosal skinning, discoid excision, and segmental bowel resection. We believe that bowel resection can be avoided in some cases if mucosal skinning is first attempted. This video shows 2 endometriotic lesions of the rectosigmoid junction that were treated by mucosal skinning, hence avoiding an unnecessary segmental resection. The final result was satisfactory and postoperative outcome was uneventful. In 2008, the patient underwent a laparoscopic intervention, which revealed the presence of a deep infiltrating endometriosis and bilateral endometriotic cysts. Bilateral ovarian cystectomy was performed. Postoperative MRI for pelvic pains revealed a persistent lesion of the recto-vaginal septum. The patient then presented with persistent dysmenorrhea (8/10), chronic pelvic pain (8/10), dyschezia (6/10) without dyspareunia or bladder-related symptoms. Clinical examination showed a mobile anteverted uterus without clear evidence of a nodule lesion at the rectovaginal septum neither was it at the level of uterosacral ligaments, but most probably the presence of adhesions between the uterus and the rectosigmoid junction. Despite treatment with GnRH agonist, the patient was referred to the emergency department several times for bouts of intense pain.
A Wattiez, E Faller, J Albornoz, P Messori, T Boisramé
Хирургические операции
7 лет назад
1522 просмотра
75 лайков
0 комментариев
11:40
Mucosal skinning for bowel endometriosis: standard technique
Bowel endometriosis is described in 3% to 37% of patients with endometriosis. In 90% of these cases, the rectum, the sigmoid colon or both are involved. It is the most severe form of the disease and its surgical management is complex. Surgery is very challenging and the degree of radical excision should always be counterbalanced with the risk of complications and functional disorders. Four types of surgery can be chosen: superficial excision or shaving, mucosal skinning, discoid excision, and segmental bowel resection. We believe that bowel resection can be avoided in some cases if mucosal skinning is first attempted. This video shows 2 endometriotic lesions of the rectosigmoid junction that were treated by mucosal skinning, hence avoiding an unnecessary segmental resection. The final result was satisfactory and postoperative outcome was uneventful. In 2008, the patient underwent a laparoscopic intervention, which revealed the presence of a deep infiltrating endometriosis and bilateral endometriotic cysts. Bilateral ovarian cystectomy was performed. Postoperative MRI for pelvic pains revealed a persistent lesion of the recto-vaginal septum. The patient then presented with persistent dysmenorrhea (8/10), chronic pelvic pain (8/10), dyschezia (6/10) without dyspareunia or bladder-related symptoms. Clinical examination showed a mobile anteverted uterus without clear evidence of a nodule lesion at the rectovaginal septum neither was it at the level of uterosacral ligaments, but most probably the presence of adhesions between the uterus and the rectosigmoid junction. Despite treatment with GnRH agonist, the patient was referred to the emergency department several times for bouts of intense pain.
Fertility enhancing surgery
Professor David Adamson focuses on the role of laparoscopy in subfertile patients. Laparoscopy helps to diagnose and manage many gynecologic conditions that may induce spontaneous pregnancy and enhance Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) results. In endometriosis, laparoscopy is required to establish the diagnosis and provide a better vision: it is first recommended in stage I-II by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM). It should be considered in stage III-IV if the patient is young and after several IVF failures. Laparoscopic cystectomy is suitable if endometrioma is larger than 4cm prior to IVF. Myomas have to be removed when they distort the cavity or when they are intramural and voluminous. Laparoscopic myomectomy must be carried out by skilled surgeons. Adnexal masses should be removed if they exceed 5cm and persist for more than 3 months. Concerning polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), ovarian drilling is indicated in case of failure of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). Laparoscopy is very useful for distal tubal occlusion to assess the quality of the tube and perform fimbrioplasty. It is also useful for ectopic pregnancy and sterilization reversal. As a conclusion, laparoscopy in subfertile patients must be performed in young women, without other infertility factors. Laparoscopy should also be envisaged when the disease is treatable and when the patients agree to have a 9 to 15 months’ interval prior to IVF.
D Adamson
Лекции
7 лет назад
2417 просмотров
16 лайков
0 комментариев
26:49
Fertility enhancing surgery
Professor David Adamson focuses on the role of laparoscopy in subfertile patients. Laparoscopy helps to diagnose and manage many gynecologic conditions that may induce spontaneous pregnancy and enhance Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) results. In endometriosis, laparoscopy is required to establish the diagnosis and provide a better vision: it is first recommended in stage I-II by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM). It should be considered in stage III-IV if the patient is young and after several IVF failures. Laparoscopic cystectomy is suitable if endometrioma is larger than 4cm prior to IVF. Myomas have to be removed when they distort the cavity or when they are intramural and voluminous. Laparoscopic myomectomy must be carried out by skilled surgeons. Adnexal masses should be removed if they exceed 5cm and persist for more than 3 months. Concerning polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), ovarian drilling is indicated in case of failure of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH). Laparoscopy is very useful for distal tubal occlusion to assess the quality of the tube and perform fimbrioplasty. It is also useful for ectopic pregnancy and sterilization reversal. As a conclusion, laparoscopy in subfertile patients must be performed in young women, without other infertility factors. Laparoscopy should also be envisaged when the disease is treatable and when the patients agree to have a 9 to 15 months’ interval prior to IVF.
Laparoscopic ureteral anastomosis in a patient with hydronephrosis due to a severe endometriosis
Ureteral endometriosis is unfrequent and it is defined by the presence of endometrial glands in the ureteric or pre-ureteric tissue. The prevalence reported is less than 1% and usually confined to the lower one-third of the left ureter. This pathology generates a ureteral stenosis, with an extrinsic compression of the ureteral wall by the inflammatory response and fibrosis, or an intrinsic stenosis with the invasion of the uro-epithelium and submucosal layer of the ureteral wall. We present a short video describing the technique of the laparoscopic segmental ureteral resection followed by the re-anastomosis.
I Miranda-Mendoza, J Nassif, E Kovoor, A Wattiez
Хирургические операции
9 лет назад
3493 просмотра
9 лайков
0 комментариев
07:57
Laparoscopic ureteral anastomosis in a patient with hydronephrosis due to a severe endometriosis
Ureteral endometriosis is unfrequent and it is defined by the presence of endometrial glands in the ureteric or pre-ureteric tissue. The prevalence reported is less than 1% and usually confined to the lower one-third of the left ureter. This pathology generates a ureteral stenosis, with an extrinsic compression of the ureteral wall by the inflammatory response and fibrosis, or an intrinsic stenosis with the invasion of the uro-epithelium and submucosal layer of the ureteral wall. We present a short video describing the technique of the laparoscopic segmental ureteral resection followed by the re-anastomosis.
Laparoscopic total hysterectomy and unilateral adnexectomy with resection of urinary bladder nodule for endometriosis
This video demonstrates the technique of a total laparoscopic hysterectomy with unilateral adnexectomy and the excision of a vesical endometriotic nodule.
This patient is a 46-year-old lady with a previous surgical history of one laparotomy for a hemoperitoneum (endometriotic ovarian cyst rupture) and 6 laparoscopies because of endometriosis, the last one 3 years ago with a segmental sigmoid resection. After this last surgery, the patient starts to complain of dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain and dysuria. She has never had any urinary infection.
Because of urinary stress incontinence, she had botulinic toxin injection and underwent a cystoscopy, which revealed a bladder nodule.
A Wattiez, S Barata, AM Furtado Lima, P Trompoukis, B Gabriel, J Nassif
Хирургические операции
9 лет назад
614 просмотров
31 лайк
0 комментариев
10:14
Laparoscopic total hysterectomy and unilateral adnexectomy with resection of urinary bladder nodule for endometriosis
This video demonstrates the technique of a total laparoscopic hysterectomy with unilateral adnexectomy and the excision of a vesical endometriotic nodule.
This patient is a 46-year-old lady with a previous surgical history of one laparotomy for a hemoperitoneum (endometriotic ovarian cyst rupture) and 6 laparoscopies because of endometriosis, the last one 3 years ago with a segmental sigmoid resection. After this last surgery, the patient starts to complain of dysmenorrhea, chronic pelvic pain and dysuria. She has never had any urinary infection.
Because of urinary stress incontinence, she had botulinic toxin injection and underwent a cystoscopy, which revealed a bladder nodule.
Laparoscopic resection of deep endometriotic nodule for pelvic pain, left hydronephrosis and renal function impairment
Renal function impairment is a rare condition when associated with endometriosis. This video shows the laparoscopic resection of a deep endometriotic nodule for pelvic pain, left hydronephrosis and renal function impairment. The left kidney has an almost silent pattern on scintigraphy. The therapeutic strategy consists of freeing the obstacle caused by the endometriotic nodule, placement of a double J (JJ) catheter and monitoring for renal function in the postoperative follow-up. Further laparoscopic nephrectomy is to be discussed if the renal function is not improved.
A Wattiez, J Nassif, I Miranda-Mendoza, J Marescaux
Хирургические операции
10 лет назад
2239 просмотров
42 лайка
0 комментариев
07:56
Laparoscopic resection of deep endometriotic nodule for pelvic pain, left hydronephrosis and renal function impairment
Renal function impairment is a rare condition when associated with endometriosis. This video shows the laparoscopic resection of a deep endometriotic nodule for pelvic pain, left hydronephrosis and renal function impairment. The left kidney has an almost silent pattern on scintigraphy. The therapeutic strategy consists of freeing the obstacle caused by the endometriotic nodule, placement of a double J (JJ) catheter and monitoring for renal function in the postoperative follow-up. Further laparoscopic nephrectomy is to be discussed if the renal function is not improved.