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Arthroscopic resection of dorsal wrist ganglia
The origin and the physiopathology of wrist ganglia are still debated. We know for sure that most of them have a common origin on the dorsal aspect of the wrist capsule in correspondence to the scapholunate ligament. The most common explanation is that there is a valve mechanism at the base of the ganglion, which controls the variable volume of these ganglions.
Therefore, the ganglion can be healed by resecting this valve mechanism at the capsular level. Resecting greater parts of the dorsal wrist capsule can often lead to joint stiffness and secondary weakness of the dorsal capsule.
Therefore, the arthroscopic resection of the ganglion stalk will heal the ganglion using a minimally invasive technique and hence avoiding the disadvantages of open surgery.
Technically speaking, a diagnostic wrist arthroscopy is performed through the ulnocarpal portals. This allows to eliminate any co-existing pathology. It also allows to see whether the stalk of the ganglion is in an ulnocarpal or a radiocarpal position.
A shaver is then introduced through the ganglion itself into the stalk, and intensive shaving is performed at the dorsal capsule in correspondence to the origin of the ganglion. Complete resection can thereby be achieved. Special postoperative care or splinting is not necessary. Mobilization can be started immediately.
M Haerle
Surgical intervention
8 years ago
1110 views
15 likes
0 comments
05:22
Arthroscopic resection of dorsal wrist ganglia
The origin and the physiopathology of wrist ganglia are still debated. We know for sure that most of them have a common origin on the dorsal aspect of the wrist capsule in correspondence to the scapholunate ligament. The most common explanation is that there is a valve mechanism at the base of the ganglion, which controls the variable volume of these ganglions.
Therefore, the ganglion can be healed by resecting this valve mechanism at the capsular level. Resecting greater parts of the dorsal wrist capsule can often lead to joint stiffness and secondary weakness of the dorsal capsule.
Therefore, the arthroscopic resection of the ganglion stalk will heal the ganglion using a minimally invasive technique and hence avoiding the disadvantages of open surgery.
Technically speaking, a diagnostic wrist arthroscopy is performed through the ulnocarpal portals. This allows to eliminate any co-existing pathology. It also allows to see whether the stalk of the ganglion is in an ulnocarpal or a radiocarpal position.
A shaver is then introduced through the ganglion itself into the stalk, and intensive shaving is performed at the dorsal capsule in correspondence to the origin of the ganglion. Complete resection can thereby be achieved. Special postoperative care or splinting is not necessary. Mobilization can be started immediately.
Arthroscopic removal of volar ganglia
Arthroscopic removal of volar ganglia is a reasonable and safe approach, which requires understanding of specific technical gestures. The main indication being esthetic, the use of wrist arthroscopy is perfect. This video will show you how to perform this reliable procedure in a safe way. This young woman has a small volar ganglion, causing pain by creating pressure difference in the radiocarpal joint. Removing this kind of volar ganglion can be satisfied only by the radiocarpal joint. We will use a 3-4 portal for the scope and a 1-2 instrumental portal. Locating the origin of the ganglion can be assisted by external manipulation. It is usually located between the scapho radio-capitate ligaments and long radiolunate ligaments. Ganglion removal is carried out from the inside of the joint using a shaver. The operation may be considered completed when the anterior capsulectomy is performed and, possibly when we see the tendons. It is not necessary to close the portals, a simple dressing will be applied, and the patient may be able to totally use her hand and wrist the same day.
C Mathoulin, P Liverneaux
Surgical intervention
9 years ago
1017 views
21 likes
0 comments
07:44
Arthroscopic removal of volar ganglia
Arthroscopic removal of volar ganglia is a reasonable and safe approach, which requires understanding of specific technical gestures. The main indication being esthetic, the use of wrist arthroscopy is perfect. This video will show you how to perform this reliable procedure in a safe way. This young woman has a small volar ganglion, causing pain by creating pressure difference in the radiocarpal joint. Removing this kind of volar ganglion can be satisfied only by the radiocarpal joint. We will use a 3-4 portal for the scope and a 1-2 instrumental portal. Locating the origin of the ganglion can be assisted by external manipulation. It is usually located between the scapho radio-capitate ligaments and long radiolunate ligaments. Ganglion removal is carried out from the inside of the joint using a shaver. The operation may be considered completed when the anterior capsulectomy is performed and, possibly when we see the tendons. It is not necessary to close the portals, a simple dressing will be applied, and the patient may be able to totally use her hand and wrist the same day.
Arthroscopic reconstruction of the TFCC using a free tendon graft
Instability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) results from injury or laxity of the ligaments responsible for stabilizing the joint. Of note, the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) plays a crucial role in maintaining DRUJ stability. Sometimes, it may be impossible to repair the TFCC due to degenerative changes in the TFCC. In such cases, DRUJ reconstruction is possible provided that there are no arthritic changes in the DRUJ with the use of tendon graft. The aim of this procedure is to reconstruct the ligament and restore function, thus providing multidirectional stability. This procedure uses a tendon graft, preferably the Palmaris Longus (PL), which is woven through trans-osseous tunnels in the distal radius, converging at the fovea through a distal ulnar trans-osseous tunnel.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
425 views
3 likes
0 comments
12:20
Arthroscopic reconstruction of the TFCC using a free tendon graft
Instability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) results from injury or laxity of the ligaments responsible for stabilizing the joint. Of note, the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) plays a crucial role in maintaining DRUJ stability. Sometimes, it may be impossible to repair the TFCC due to degenerative changes in the TFCC. In such cases, DRUJ reconstruction is possible provided that there are no arthritic changes in the DRUJ with the use of tendon graft. The aim of this procedure is to reconstruct the ligament and restore function, thus providing multidirectional stability. This procedure uses a tendon graft, preferably the Palmaris Longus (PL), which is woven through trans-osseous tunnels in the distal radius, converging at the fovea through a distal ulnar trans-osseous tunnel.
Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) dorsal distal repair
The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is actually more complex than it appears to be. Arthroscopy of the wrist has helped to better understand the various insertions of this proximal and distal triangular complex and to detect these lesions. The adapted treatment of these lesions made it possible to prevent failures of the conventional arthroscopic reinsertions with the disappearance of the associated distal ulnar instabilities when only a part of the problem was treated.
The healing potential of the TFCC largely depends on its vascularization. This video shows the arthroscopic repair of a peripheral distal tear of the TFCC with the in-out technique.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
433 views
7 likes
1 comment
04:08
Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) dorsal distal repair
The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is actually more complex than it appears to be. Arthroscopy of the wrist has helped to better understand the various insertions of this proximal and distal triangular complex and to detect these lesions. The adapted treatment of these lesions made it possible to prevent failures of the conventional arthroscopic reinsertions with the disappearance of the associated distal ulnar instabilities when only a part of the problem was treated.
The healing potential of the TFCC largely depends on its vascularization. This video shows the arthroscopic repair of a peripheral distal tear of the TFCC with the in-out technique.
Arthroscopic capsuloligamentous suture with anchor for scapholunate dissociation EWAS stage 4
An anatomical and biomechanical study has recently shown that detachment of the scapholunate (SL) ligament from the dorsal capsuloligamentous scapholunate septum (DCSS) and dorsal intercarpal ligament (DIC) worsens scapholunate dissociation. This knowledge has revolutionized the treatment of scapholunate dissociation and formed the basis of the arthroscopic repair of the scapholunate ligament complex. In some large dissociation, we can use a trick, catching a largest part of the dorsal capsule, proximally and distally, in order to help scapholunate reduction when the knot is tightened. Sometimes, the scapholunate ligament is avulsed from the dorsal proximal pole of the scaphoid, and it is necessary to put an anchor at the exact location of the scapholunate attachment into the dorsal scaphoid to allow a dorsal capsuloligamentous repair as for a classical scapholunate tear.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
214 views
3 likes
0 comments
09:08
Arthroscopic capsuloligamentous suture with anchor for scapholunate dissociation EWAS stage 4
An anatomical and biomechanical study has recently shown that detachment of the scapholunate (SL) ligament from the dorsal capsuloligamentous scapholunate septum (DCSS) and dorsal intercarpal ligament (DIC) worsens scapholunate dissociation. This knowledge has revolutionized the treatment of scapholunate dissociation and formed the basis of the arthroscopic repair of the scapholunate ligament complex. In some large dissociation, we can use a trick, catching a largest part of the dorsal capsule, proximally and distally, in order to help scapholunate reduction when the knot is tightened. Sometimes, the scapholunate ligament is avulsed from the dorsal proximal pole of the scaphoid, and it is necessary to put an anchor at the exact location of the scapholunate attachment into the dorsal scaphoid to allow a dorsal capsuloligamentous repair as for a classical scapholunate tear.
Arthroscopic large dorsal capsuloligamentous suture for scapholunate dissociation EWAS stage 4
An anatomical and biomechanical study has recently shown that detachment of the scapholunate (SL) ligament from the dorsal capsuloligamentous scapholunate septum (DCSS) and dorsal intercarpal ligament (DIC) worsens scapholunate dissociation. This knowledge has revolutionized the treatment of scapholunate dissociation and formed the basis of the arthroscopic repair of the scapholunate ligament complex. SL ligament repair per se is not adequate; it has to be reattached to the dorsal capsule. This is enabled with an arthroscopic technique, which preserves the dorsal capsule. In some large dissociation, we can use a trick, catching a largest part of the dorsal capsule, proximally and distally, in order to help scapholunate reduction when the knot is tightened.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
182 views
4 likes
0 comments
06:06
Arthroscopic large dorsal capsuloligamentous suture for scapholunate dissociation EWAS stage 4
An anatomical and biomechanical study has recently shown that detachment of the scapholunate (SL) ligament from the dorsal capsuloligamentous scapholunate septum (DCSS) and dorsal intercarpal ligament (DIC) worsens scapholunate dissociation. This knowledge has revolutionized the treatment of scapholunate dissociation and formed the basis of the arthroscopic repair of the scapholunate ligament complex. SL ligament repair per se is not adequate; it has to be reattached to the dorsal capsule. This is enabled with an arthroscopic technique, which preserves the dorsal capsule. In some large dissociation, we can use a trick, catching a largest part of the dorsal capsule, proximally and distally, in order to help scapholunate reduction when the knot is tightened.
Arthroscopic interposition in scapholunate advanced collapse wrist arthritis, stage 2 (SLAC 2)
Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) is a form of degenerative arthritis of the wrist which is commonly a sequela of scapholunate instability. SLAC follows a typical pattern which begins with arthritis of the radial styloid (stage 1). Stage 2 is marked by the involvement of the entire scaphoid fossa and the scaphoid while arthritic changes involve the midcarpal joint in stage 3. Stage 2 SLAC is typically managed with proximal row carpectomy (PRC), which preserves some degree of wrist flexion-extension arc and reduces pain. However, major drawbacks of this procedure are as follows: incongruence between lunate fossa and capitate, subsequent arthritic changes, and reduced grip strength originating from reduced carpal height. This video shows a recently described salvage procedure, namely arthroscopic interposition tendon arthroplasty (AITA), which attempts to preserve wrist motion and carpal height simultaneously restoring radiocarpal joint space and reducing pain, by interpositioning tendon graft in the radiocarpal joint.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
193 views
2 likes
0 comments
17:40
Arthroscopic interposition in scapholunate advanced collapse wrist arthritis, stage 2 (SLAC 2)
Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) is a form of degenerative arthritis of the wrist which is commonly a sequela of scapholunate instability. SLAC follows a typical pattern which begins with arthritis of the radial styloid (stage 1). Stage 2 is marked by the involvement of the entire scaphoid fossa and the scaphoid while arthritic changes involve the midcarpal joint in stage 3. Stage 2 SLAC is typically managed with proximal row carpectomy (PRC), which preserves some degree of wrist flexion-extension arc and reduces pain. However, major drawbacks of this procedure are as follows: incongruence between lunate fossa and capitate, subsequent arthritic changes, and reduced grip strength originating from reduced carpal height. This video shows a recently described salvage procedure, namely arthroscopic interposition tendon arthroplasty (AITA), which attempts to preserve wrist motion and carpal height simultaneously restoring radiocarpal joint space and reducing pain, by interpositioning tendon graft in the radiocarpal joint.
Arthroscopic scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal (STT) joint arthroplasty
Scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) joint osteoarthritis is less known than other types of wrist arthritis.
This disease accounts for only 13% of all wrist arthritis sites. Isolated lesions of this joint are rare and their therapeutic management is complex.
The only treatment proposed used to be STT arthrodesis, a technically difficult procedure which caused numerous complications.
Pseudoarthrosis is common, and STT arthrodesis has been incriminated in the occurrence of radioscaphoid osteoarthritis. Techniques of distal resection combined with interposition of biological tissues such as tendons (flexor carpi radialis) was described in the 1990s. In this video, we present arthroscopic interposition of pyrocarbon implant, a safe and convenient technique for patients, with long-lasting favorable results.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
175 views
1 like
0 comments
04:24
Arthroscopic scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal (STT) joint arthroplasty
Scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) joint osteoarthritis is less known than other types of wrist arthritis.
This disease accounts for only 13% of all wrist arthritis sites. Isolated lesions of this joint are rare and their therapeutic management is complex.
The only treatment proposed used to be STT arthrodesis, a technically difficult procedure which caused numerous complications.
Pseudoarthrosis is common, and STT arthrodesis has been incriminated in the occurrence of radioscaphoid osteoarthritis. Techniques of distal resection combined with interposition of biological tissues such as tendons (flexor carpi radialis) was described in the 1990s. In this video, we present arthroscopic interposition of pyrocarbon implant, a safe and convenient technique for patients, with long-lasting favorable results.