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Arthroscopic interposition in scapholunate advanced collapse wrist arthritis, stage 2 (SLAC 2)
Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) is a form of degenerative arthritis of the wrist which is commonly a sequela of scapholunate instability. SLAC follows a typical pattern which begins with arthritis of the radial styloid (stage 1). Stage 2 is marked by the involvement of the entire scaphoid fossa and the scaphoid while arthritic changes involve the midcarpal joint in stage 3. Stage 2 SLAC is typically managed with proximal row carpectomy (PRC), which preserves some degree of wrist flexion-extension arc and reduces pain. However, major drawbacks of this procedure are as follows: incongruence between lunate fossa and capitate, subsequent arthritic changes, and reduced grip strength originating from reduced carpal height. This video shows a recently described salvage procedure, namely arthroscopic interposition tendon arthroplasty (AITA), which attempts to preserve wrist motion and carpal height simultaneously restoring radiocarpal joint space and reducing pain, by interpositioning tendon graft in the radiocarpal joint.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
182 views
2 likes
0 comments
17:40
Arthroscopic interposition in scapholunate advanced collapse wrist arthritis, stage 2 (SLAC 2)
Scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) is a form of degenerative arthritis of the wrist which is commonly a sequela of scapholunate instability. SLAC follows a typical pattern which begins with arthritis of the radial styloid (stage 1). Stage 2 is marked by the involvement of the entire scaphoid fossa and the scaphoid while arthritic changes involve the midcarpal joint in stage 3. Stage 2 SLAC is typically managed with proximal row carpectomy (PRC), which preserves some degree of wrist flexion-extension arc and reduces pain. However, major drawbacks of this procedure are as follows: incongruence between lunate fossa and capitate, subsequent arthritic changes, and reduced grip strength originating from reduced carpal height. This video shows a recently described salvage procedure, namely arthroscopic interposition tendon arthroplasty (AITA), which attempts to preserve wrist motion and carpal height simultaneously restoring radiocarpal joint space and reducing pain, by interpositioning tendon graft in the radiocarpal joint.
Arthroscopic interposition in SLAC 2 wrist arthritis
Scapholunate dissociation is the most common carpal instability. Scapholunate instability is associated with increased scaphoid flexion and pronation with associated lunate extension. The abnormal kinematics leads to a decrease in surface area contact at the radioscaphoid joint. This abnormal articulation causes an increased concentration of load, leading to the development of degenerative arthritis. In late chronic scapholunate ligament dissociation, when the arthritis appeared (SLAC 2-SLAC 3), treatment often involves heavy palliative techniques such as resection of the first row or four bones fusion. We propose a simpler technique of arthroscopic interposition of a palmaris longus tendon, combined with a wide styloidectomy of scaphoid fossea of distal radius and a dorsal capsuloligamentous repair to stabilize the scapholunate dissociation.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
474 views
6 likes
0 comments
06:26
Arthroscopic interposition in SLAC 2 wrist arthritis
Scapholunate dissociation is the most common carpal instability. Scapholunate instability is associated with increased scaphoid flexion and pronation with associated lunate extension. The abnormal kinematics leads to a decrease in surface area contact at the radioscaphoid joint. This abnormal articulation causes an increased concentration of load, leading to the development of degenerative arthritis. In late chronic scapholunate ligament dissociation, when the arthritis appeared (SLAC 2-SLAC 3), treatment often involves heavy palliative techniques such as resection of the first row or four bones fusion. We propose a simpler technique of arthroscopic interposition of a palmaris longus tendon, combined with a wide styloidectomy of scaphoid fossea of distal radius and a dorsal capsuloligamentous repair to stabilize the scapholunate dissociation.
Arthroscopic scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal (STT) joint arthroplasty
Scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) joint osteoarthritis is less known than other types of wrist arthritis.
This disease accounts for only 13% of all wrist arthritis sites. Isolated lesions of this joint are rare and their therapeutic management is complex.
The only treatment proposed used to be STT arthrodesis, a technically difficult procedure which caused numerous complications.
Pseudoarthrosis is common, and STT arthrodesis has been incriminated in the occurrence of radioscaphoid osteoarthritis. Techniques of distal resection combined with interposition of biological tissues such as tendons (flexor carpi radialis) was described in the 1990s. In this video, we present arthroscopic interposition of pyrocarbon implant, a safe and convenient technique for patients, with long-lasting favorable results.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
168 views
1 like
0 comments
04:24
Arthroscopic scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal (STT) joint arthroplasty
Scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (STT) joint osteoarthritis is less known than other types of wrist arthritis.
This disease accounts for only 13% of all wrist arthritis sites. Isolated lesions of this joint are rare and their therapeutic management is complex.
The only treatment proposed used to be STT arthrodesis, a technically difficult procedure which caused numerous complications.
Pseudoarthrosis is common, and STT arthrodesis has been incriminated in the occurrence of radioscaphoid osteoarthritis. Techniques of distal resection combined with interposition of biological tissues such as tendons (flexor carpi radialis) was described in the 1990s. In this video, we present arthroscopic interposition of pyrocarbon implant, a safe and convenient technique for patients, with long-lasting favorable results.
Peroral endoscopic myotomy of a suspected type III achalasia with a double scope control
A 59-year-old woman was referred to our unit for progressive dysphagia and chest pain associated with heartburn and chest fullness. A nutcracker esophagus was suspected at the HD manometry and the patient was scheduled for a peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). The procedure started with an esophagogastroduodenal series (EGDS), which showed abnormal contractions of the distal esophagus and increased resistance at the level of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) with a high suspicion of type III achalasia. The tunnel was started 12cm above the EGJ in a 5 o’clock position. After submucosal injection, a mucosal incision was made with a new triangle-tip (TT) knife equipped with water jet facility. The access to the submucosa was gained and a submucosal longitudinal tunnel was created until the EGJ, dissecting the submucosal fibers with the TT knife. The myotomy was performed by completely dissecting the circular muscular layer muscle fibers using swift coagulation. To assess the extension of the myotomy just at the level of the EGJ, a “double scope control” was performed by inserting a pediatric scope, which confirmed the presence of the mother scope light in the esophagus. The submucosal tunnel and the myotomy were then extended together for 1 to 2cm. A second check with the pediatric scope showed the presence of the mother scope light in the correct position above the EGJ. The mucosal incision site was finally closed using multiple endoclips.
H Inoue, RA Ciurezu, M Pizzicannella, F Habersetzer
Surgical intervention
7 months ago
393 views
4 likes
0 comments
25:51
Peroral endoscopic myotomy of a suspected type III achalasia with a double scope control
A 59-year-old woman was referred to our unit for progressive dysphagia and chest pain associated with heartburn and chest fullness. A nutcracker esophagus was suspected at the HD manometry and the patient was scheduled for a peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM). The procedure started with an esophagogastroduodenal series (EGDS), which showed abnormal contractions of the distal esophagus and increased resistance at the level of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) with a high suspicion of type III achalasia. The tunnel was started 12cm above the EGJ in a 5 o’clock position. After submucosal injection, a mucosal incision was made with a new triangle-tip (TT) knife equipped with water jet facility. The access to the submucosa was gained and a submucosal longitudinal tunnel was created until the EGJ, dissecting the submucosal fibers with the TT knife. The myotomy was performed by completely dissecting the circular muscular layer muscle fibers using swift coagulation. To assess the extension of the myotomy just at the level of the EGJ, a “double scope control” was performed by inserting a pediatric scope, which confirmed the presence of the mother scope light in the esophagus. The submucosal tunnel and the myotomy were then extended together for 1 to 2cm. A second check with the pediatric scope showed the presence of the mother scope light in the correct position above the EGJ. The mucosal incision site was finally closed using multiple endoclips.
Arthroscopic reconstruction of the TFCC using a free tendon graft
Instability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) results from injury or laxity of the ligaments responsible for stabilizing the joint. Of note, the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) plays a crucial role in maintaining DRUJ stability. Sometimes, it may be impossible to repair the TFCC due to degenerative changes in the TFCC. In such cases, DRUJ reconstruction is possible provided that there are no arthritic changes in the DRUJ with the use of tendon graft. The aim of this procedure is to reconstruct the ligament and restore function, thus providing multidirectional stability. This procedure uses a tendon graft, preferably the Palmaris Longus (PL), which is woven through trans-osseous tunnels in the distal radius, converging at the fovea through a distal ulnar trans-osseous tunnel.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
10 months ago
386 views
3 likes
0 comments
12:20
Arthroscopic reconstruction of the TFCC using a free tendon graft
Instability of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) results from injury or laxity of the ligaments responsible for stabilizing the joint. Of note, the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) plays a crucial role in maintaining DRUJ stability. Sometimes, it may be impossible to repair the TFCC due to degenerative changes in the TFCC. In such cases, DRUJ reconstruction is possible provided that there are no arthritic changes in the DRUJ with the use of tendon graft. The aim of this procedure is to reconstruct the ligament and restore function, thus providing multidirectional stability. This procedure uses a tendon graft, preferably the Palmaris Longus (PL), which is woven through trans-osseous tunnels in the distal radius, converging at the fovea through a distal ulnar trans-osseous tunnel.
Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) dorsal distal repair
The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is actually more complex than it appears to be. Arthroscopy of the wrist has helped to better understand the various insertions of this proximal and distal triangular complex and to detect these lesions. The adapted treatment of these lesions made it possible to prevent failures of the conventional arthroscopic reinsertions with the disappearance of the associated distal ulnar instabilities when only a part of the problem was treated.
The healing potential of the TFCC largely depends on its vascularization. This video shows the arthroscopic repair of a peripheral distal tear of the TFCC with the in-out technique.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
417 views
6 likes
1 comment
04:08
Triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) dorsal distal repair
The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is actually more complex than it appears to be. Arthroscopy of the wrist has helped to better understand the various insertions of this proximal and distal triangular complex and to detect these lesions. The adapted treatment of these lesions made it possible to prevent failures of the conventional arthroscopic reinsertions with the disappearance of the associated distal ulnar instabilities when only a part of the problem was treated.
The healing potential of the TFCC largely depends on its vascularization. This video shows the arthroscopic repair of a peripheral distal tear of the TFCC with the in-out technique.
Arthroscopic capsuloligamentous suture with anchor for scapholunate dissociation EWAS stage 4
An anatomical and biomechanical study has recently shown that detachment of the scapholunate (SL) ligament from the dorsal capsuloligamentous scapholunate septum (DCSS) and dorsal intercarpal ligament (DIC) worsens scapholunate dissociation. This knowledge has revolutionized the treatment of scapholunate dissociation and formed the basis of the arthroscopic repair of the scapholunate ligament complex. In some large dissociation, we can use a trick, catching a largest part of the dorsal capsule, proximally and distally, in order to help scapholunate reduction when the knot is tightened. Sometimes, the scapholunate ligament is avulsed from the dorsal proximal pole of the scaphoid, and it is necessary to put an anchor at the exact location of the scapholunate attachment into the dorsal scaphoid to allow a dorsal capsuloligamentous repair as for a classical scapholunate tear.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
192 views
3 likes
0 comments
09:08
Arthroscopic capsuloligamentous suture with anchor for scapholunate dissociation EWAS stage 4
An anatomical and biomechanical study has recently shown that detachment of the scapholunate (SL) ligament from the dorsal capsuloligamentous scapholunate septum (DCSS) and dorsal intercarpal ligament (DIC) worsens scapholunate dissociation. This knowledge has revolutionized the treatment of scapholunate dissociation and formed the basis of the arthroscopic repair of the scapholunate ligament complex. In some large dissociation, we can use a trick, catching a largest part of the dorsal capsule, proximally and distally, in order to help scapholunate reduction when the knot is tightened. Sometimes, the scapholunate ligament is avulsed from the dorsal proximal pole of the scaphoid, and it is necessary to put an anchor at the exact location of the scapholunate attachment into the dorsal scaphoid to allow a dorsal capsuloligamentous repair as for a classical scapholunate tear.
Arthroscopic large dorsal capsuloligamentous suture for scapholunate dissociation EWAS stage 4
An anatomical and biomechanical study has recently shown that detachment of the scapholunate (SL) ligament from the dorsal capsuloligamentous scapholunate septum (DCSS) and dorsal intercarpal ligament (DIC) worsens scapholunate dissociation. This knowledge has revolutionized the treatment of scapholunate dissociation and formed the basis of the arthroscopic repair of the scapholunate ligament complex. SL ligament repair per se is not adequate; it has to be reattached to the dorsal capsule. This is enabled with an arthroscopic technique, which preserves the dorsal capsule. In some large dissociation, we can use a trick, catching a largest part of the dorsal capsule, proximally and distally, in order to help scapholunate reduction when the knot is tightened.
C Mathoulin
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
157 views
4 likes
0 comments
06:06
Arthroscopic large dorsal capsuloligamentous suture for scapholunate dissociation EWAS stage 4
An anatomical and biomechanical study has recently shown that detachment of the scapholunate (SL) ligament from the dorsal capsuloligamentous scapholunate septum (DCSS) and dorsal intercarpal ligament (DIC) worsens scapholunate dissociation. This knowledge has revolutionized the treatment of scapholunate dissociation and formed the basis of the arthroscopic repair of the scapholunate ligament complex. SL ligament repair per se is not adequate; it has to be reattached to the dorsal capsule. This is enabled with an arthroscopic technique, which preserves the dorsal capsule. In some large dissociation, we can use a trick, catching a largest part of the dorsal capsule, proximally and distally, in order to help scapholunate reduction when the knot is tightened.
Arthroscopic interposition arthroplasty: preliminary results
Purpose. – In carpometacarpal (CMC) arthritis of the thumb, the use of interposition techniques (polylactic acid, pyrocarbon, dacron) has been increasing recently. These techniques are most often combined with open or arthroscopic complete or partial trapeziectomy. This article reports the
results at one year of the arthroscopic interposition of an absorbable implant performed without trapeziectomy.
Methods. – Our series included 25 patients aged 60.5 years on average, presenting with osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint that had been medically treated for 18.5 months on average. All patients were operated using 1-ulnar (U) and 1-radial (R) portals. After joint debridement, a polylactic acid implant was inserted under arthroscopic control. Outcome evaluation consisted of the assessment of pain intensity, grip strength, pinch strength, opposition, thumb abduction and Dell radiological staging.
Results. – The average follow-up was 14 months. Postoperative radiological data showed significant differences from baseline clinical data regarding all evaluated variables: 0.68 vs. 3.5 for pain, 24.76 Kg vs. 16.64 Kg for grip strength, 6.44 Kg vs. 3.64 Kg for pinch strength, 8.6 vs. 7.28 for opposition, 81.28 vs. 69.68 for thumb abduction, and 1.08 vs. 2.88 on the Dell stage. Eleven complications occurred, including a type 1 complex regional pain syndrome, one sepsis, and nine inflammatory reactions that resolved after an average of 3 weeks.
Conclusions. – Our technique is simple, rapid, cost-effective, and does not necessitate trapeziectomy, even partial. It has the same indications as other non-radical interventions. The follow-up duration of our study was too short for long-term evaluation but short-term outcome appeared superior to that in other published series. The regional inflammatory reactions that occurred in our series were transient and probably related to implant resorption. Our promising results suggest extending the indication of arthroscopic interposition to more advanced stages of proximal joint osteoarthritis.
P Liverneaux
Lecture
7 years ago
270 views
3 likes
0 comments
11:20
Arthroscopic interposition arthroplasty: preliminary results
Purpose. – In carpometacarpal (CMC) arthritis of the thumb, the use of interposition techniques (polylactic acid, pyrocarbon, dacron) has been increasing recently. These techniques are most often combined with open or arthroscopic complete or partial trapeziectomy. This article reports the
results at one year of the arthroscopic interposition of an absorbable implant performed without trapeziectomy.
Methods. – Our series included 25 patients aged 60.5 years on average, presenting with osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint that had been medically treated for 18.5 months on average. All patients were operated using 1-ulnar (U) and 1-radial (R) portals. After joint debridement, a polylactic acid implant was inserted under arthroscopic control. Outcome evaluation consisted of the assessment of pain intensity, grip strength, pinch strength, opposition, thumb abduction and Dell radiological staging.
Results. – The average follow-up was 14 months. Postoperative radiological data showed significant differences from baseline clinical data regarding all evaluated variables: 0.68 vs. 3.5 for pain, 24.76 Kg vs. 16.64 Kg for grip strength, 6.44 Kg vs. 3.64 Kg for pinch strength, 8.6 vs. 7.28 for opposition, 81.28 vs. 69.68 for thumb abduction, and 1.08 vs. 2.88 on the Dell stage. Eleven complications occurred, including a type 1 complex regional pain syndrome, one sepsis, and nine inflammatory reactions that resolved after an average of 3 weeks.
Conclusions. – Our technique is simple, rapid, cost-effective, and does not necessitate trapeziectomy, even partial. It has the same indications as other non-radical interventions. The follow-up duration of our study was too short for long-term evaluation but short-term outcome appeared superior to that in other published series. The regional inflammatory reactions that occurred in our series were transient and probably related to implant resorption. Our promising results suggest extending the indication of arthroscopic interposition to more advanced stages of proximal joint osteoarthritis.
Scaphoid Trapezium Pyrocarbon Implant (STPI) in scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal (STT) arthritis
STT arthritis is a well-known problem generated idiopathically or secondary to a greater mobility of the scaphoid, for example after scapho-lunate ligament lesions. In these cases, the pure resection of the STT joint would add more instability to the whole system. Therefore, alternatively to the simple resection arthroplasty, the prosthetic augmentation has been proposed. We report the experience with a pyrocarbone convex-concave-shaped prosthesis, which adapts anatomically in the STT joint. After the arthroscopic resection of the distal scaphoid pole, the pyrocarbone implant can be positioned. Three weeks of immobilization seem convenient. In a series of 15 Prof. Christophe Mathoulin’s patients, very good results were achieved after a 39-month follow-up period. Two cases failed because of incomplete resection, especially at the most medial side towards the capitate, which should be approached in this area with accuracy. Arthroscopic resection and pyrocarbone prosthesis have provided very good results in isolated STT arthritis, but remain a new therapeutic option whose validity will have to be proven over the next years.
M Haerle
Lecture
8 years ago
268 views
4 likes
0 comments
05:07
Scaphoid Trapezium Pyrocarbon Implant (STPI) in scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal (STT) arthritis
STT arthritis is a well-known problem generated idiopathically or secondary to a greater mobility of the scaphoid, for example after scapho-lunate ligament lesions. In these cases, the pure resection of the STT joint would add more instability to the whole system. Therefore, alternatively to the simple resection arthroplasty, the prosthetic augmentation has been proposed. We report the experience with a pyrocarbone convex-concave-shaped prosthesis, which adapts anatomically in the STT joint. After the arthroscopic resection of the distal scaphoid pole, the pyrocarbone implant can be positioned. Three weeks of immobilization seem convenient. In a series of 15 Prof. Christophe Mathoulin’s patients, very good results were achieved after a 39-month follow-up period. Two cases failed because of incomplete resection, especially at the most medial side towards the capitate, which should be approached in this area with accuracy. Arthroscopic resection and pyrocarbone prosthesis have provided very good results in isolated STT arthritis, but remain a new therapeutic option whose validity will have to be proven over the next years.