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Common bile duct stricture due to an inoperable pancreatic head cancer: metal stent placement
There are several major indications for the endoscopic drainage of malignant common bile duct obstruction. There are several types of drainage: a preoperative biliary drainage, which is performed in selected cases (delayed surgery, high bilirubin levels, itching, cholangitis), a biliary drainage before neo-adjuvant therapies, and a biliary drainage for palliation. According to the ESGE guidelines, palliative biliary drainage should be performed according to life expectancy. If less than 4 months, plastic stent placement is recommended; if longer than 4 months, a self-expandable metal stent should be placed. In any case, every single patient should be evaluated for the best treatment. In particular, since uncovered self-expandable metal stents are impossible to remove, malignancy must be evidenced before placement of these stents.
I Boškoski, M Morar, I Crisan, L Guerriero, F Habersetzer, M Bouhadjar, D Mutter, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
855 views
83 likes
0 comments
18:14
Common bile duct stricture due to an inoperable pancreatic head cancer: metal stent placement
There are several major indications for the endoscopic drainage of malignant common bile duct obstruction. There are several types of drainage: a preoperative biliary drainage, which is performed in selected cases (delayed surgery, high bilirubin levels, itching, cholangitis), a biliary drainage before neo-adjuvant therapies, and a biliary drainage for palliation. According to the ESGE guidelines, palliative biliary drainage should be performed according to life expectancy. If less than 4 months, plastic stent placement is recommended; if longer than 4 months, a self-expandable metal stent should be placed. In any case, every single patient should be evaluated for the best treatment. In particular, since uncovered self-expandable metal stents are impossible to remove, malignancy must be evidenced before placement of these stents.
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN)
This is the case of a 76-year-old female patient who was referred to our hospital because of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). The patient has a medical history of renal insufficiency, sleep apnea syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and hypertension. She has also a history of previous total hysterectomy.
MRI findings showed that the patient’s IPMN affected secondary pancreatic ducts entirely.
The main pancreatic duct is dilated, especially in the distal part at 6mm, but there are no remarkable findings of cystic wall thickening or intracystic nodules. A laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy was planned.
The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 8.
Pathological findings showed that the intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm was without any malignant component.
P Pessaux, E Felli, T Wakabayashi, D Mutter, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
4 months ago
2329 views
5 likes
0 comments
13:26
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN)
This is the case of a 76-year-old female patient who was referred to our hospital because of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). The patient has a medical history of renal insufficiency, sleep apnea syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and hypertension. She has also a history of previous total hysterectomy.
MRI findings showed that the patient’s IPMN affected secondary pancreatic ducts entirely.
The main pancreatic duct is dilated, especially in the distal part at 6mm, but there are no remarkable findings of cystic wall thickening or intracystic nodules. A laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy was planned.
The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 8.
Pathological findings showed that the intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm was without any malignant component.
Laparoscopic splenopancreatectomy assisted by augmented reality for pancreatic cancer
Soper et al. in 1994 were able to establish the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy in an animal model, with no evidence of pancreatic leaks or fistulas. Later, in 1996, Cuschieri et al. described the technique they used to perform laparoscopic distal 70–80% pancreatectomy with en-bloc splenectomy in a group of five patients with intractable pain due to chronic pancreatitis. The authors demonstrated that this operation can be performed laparoscopically within an acceptable operating time and without major complications with advantages that include smaller incisions, less pain, and shorter postoperative recovery.
Identification of anatomical landmarks is crucial for this kind of procedure expecially when treating cancer. Augmented reality is a new tool to improve oncological safety, confirming the ideal dissection plane and anatomical landmarks, and to maximize functional preservation. The objective of this video is to demonstrate how to perform a splenopancreatectomy with removal of pancreatic cancer while keeping sufficient safety margins. Augmented reality is used in order to clearly identify the position of the anatomical landmarks: the splenic vein and artery, as well as the exact position of the tumor so that a sufficient resection margin can be identified.
D Mutter, J Marescaux, L Soler
Surgical intervention
10 years ago
1352 views
40 likes
0 comments
18:27
Laparoscopic splenopancreatectomy assisted by augmented reality for pancreatic cancer
Soper et al. in 1994 were able to establish the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy in an animal model, with no evidence of pancreatic leaks or fistulas. Later, in 1996, Cuschieri et al. described the technique they used to perform laparoscopic distal 70–80% pancreatectomy with en-bloc splenectomy in a group of five patients with intractable pain due to chronic pancreatitis. The authors demonstrated that this operation can be performed laparoscopically within an acceptable operating time and without major complications with advantages that include smaller incisions, less pain, and shorter postoperative recovery.
Identification of anatomical landmarks is crucial for this kind of procedure expecially when treating cancer. Augmented reality is a new tool to improve oncological safety, confirming the ideal dissection plane and anatomical landmarks, and to maximize functional preservation. The objective of this video is to demonstrate how to perform a splenopancreatectomy with removal of pancreatic cancer while keeping sufficient safety margins. Augmented reality is used in order to clearly identify the position of the anatomical landmarks: the splenic vein and artery, as well as the exact position of the tumor so that a sufficient resection margin can be identified.
Endoscopic metal stenting of common bile duct for unresectable pancreatic cancer
Obstructive jaundice occurs in many patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer.
Endoscopic therapy is the best palliative option for inoperable pancreatic cancers, either for the treatment of a potential duodenal stenosis or, in the majority of cases, for the treatment of the associated jaundice.
Metal stents are preferable to plastic stents in patients who have a life expectancy of more than 3 months. The obstruction of the common bile duct is due to cancer of the head of the pancreas that compresses the biliary tree. However, in a few cases, the mucosa of the ampulla is also involved with malignancy from the adjacent pancreas.
We present the case of two patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer, obstructive jaundice and pruritus, in which the drainage of the common bile duct was achieved with an Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography (ERCP) with insertion of an uncovered metal stent (Wallflex® type) with subsequent relief of the jaundice.
Endoscopic drainage of the common bile duct for obstructive jaundice for unresectable pancreatic cancer is the preferred palliative approach in this type of patient.
Gf Donatelli, M Gualtierotti, D Coumaros
Surgical intervention
10 years ago
2373 views
7 likes
0 comments
04:28
Endoscopic metal stenting of common bile duct for unresectable pancreatic cancer
Obstructive jaundice occurs in many patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer.
Endoscopic therapy is the best palliative option for inoperable pancreatic cancers, either for the treatment of a potential duodenal stenosis or, in the majority of cases, for the treatment of the associated jaundice.
Metal stents are preferable to plastic stents in patients who have a life expectancy of more than 3 months. The obstruction of the common bile duct is due to cancer of the head of the pancreas that compresses the biliary tree. However, in a few cases, the mucosa of the ampulla is also involved with malignancy from the adjacent pancreas.
We present the case of two patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer, obstructive jaundice and pruritus, in which the drainage of the common bile duct was achieved with an Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography (ERCP) with insertion of an uncovered metal stent (Wallflex® type) with subsequent relief of the jaundice.
Endoscopic drainage of the common bile duct for obstructive jaundice for unresectable pancreatic cancer is the preferred palliative approach in this type of patient.
Single incision laparoscopic gastrojejunal bypass with intraoperative ultrasonography for obstructive pancreatic head tumor
Background: Pancreatic head tumors can be diagnosed immediately as symptomatic although the biliary tract is not involved. Single incision laparoscopy can be proposed as a valid option to allow an early beginning of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy.

Video: A 56-year-old man was admitted to hospital for vomiting and weight loss. Preoperative work-up showed the presence of an advanced and obstructive pancreatic head adenocarcinoma, not interesting the biliary tract. A laparoscopic gastro-jejunal bypass with staging laparoscopy, through a transumbilical single-access, was proposed to the patient. The technique consisted in the insertion of an 11mm reusable trocar, two 6mm flexible reusable trocars, and curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany) through the same umbilical incision. The procedure started with the exploration of the parietal peritoneum, lavage of the cavity, opening of the lesser sac for perioperative ultrasonography, and ended with linear mechanical side-to-side gastrojejunostomy.

Results: The obstructive status of the patient resolved during the postoperative course and the patient started neo-adjuvant chemotherapy after 10 days.

Conclusions: Single incision laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy for obstructive pancreatic head tumor, after staging laparoscopy including perioperative ultrasonography, permits the resolution of the clinical status as well as an early beginning of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy.
G Dapri
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
2266 views
54 likes
0 comments
06:40
Single incision laparoscopic gastrojejunal bypass with intraoperative ultrasonography for obstructive pancreatic head tumor
Background: Pancreatic head tumors can be diagnosed immediately as symptomatic although the biliary tract is not involved. Single incision laparoscopy can be proposed as a valid option to allow an early beginning of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy.

Video: A 56-year-old man was admitted to hospital for vomiting and weight loss. Preoperative work-up showed the presence of an advanced and obstructive pancreatic head adenocarcinoma, not interesting the biliary tract. A laparoscopic gastro-jejunal bypass with staging laparoscopy, through a transumbilical single-access, was proposed to the patient. The technique consisted in the insertion of an 11mm reusable trocar, two 6mm flexible reusable trocars, and curved reusable instruments according to DAPRI (Karl Storz Endoskope, Tüttlingen, Germany) through the same umbilical incision. The procedure started with the exploration of the parietal peritoneum, lavage of the cavity, opening of the lesser sac for perioperative ultrasonography, and ended with linear mechanical side-to-side gastrojejunostomy.

Results: The obstructive status of the patient resolved during the postoperative course and the patient started neo-adjuvant chemotherapy after 10 days.

Conclusions: Single incision laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy for obstructive pancreatic head tumor, after staging laparoscopy including perioperative ultrasonography, permits the resolution of the clinical status as well as an early beginning of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy.
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with spleen and vessel preservation
This is the case of a female patient presenting with a 12mm endocrine tumor located at the pancreatic isthmus. To manage this case, a distal pancreatectomy is decided upon. This tumor measures 16mm in its transverse diameter and it is located just above the portal vein. The CT-scan and its 3D reconstruction helps us to plan the surgical intervention. The whole pancreas along with the splenic vessels (splenic vein and artery) are reconstructed. The objective is to precisely locate the tumor in order to determine the resection modalities. A distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the splenic vessels is therefore decided upon.
D Mutter, L Soler, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
9 years ago
1754 views
163 likes
0 comments
17:42
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with spleen and vessel preservation
This is the case of a female patient presenting with a 12mm endocrine tumor located at the pancreatic isthmus. To manage this case, a distal pancreatectomy is decided upon. This tumor measures 16mm in its transverse diameter and it is located just above the portal vein. The CT-scan and its 3D reconstruction helps us to plan the surgical intervention. The whole pancreas along with the splenic vessels (splenic vein and artery) are reconstructed. The objective is to precisely locate the tumor in order to determine the resection modalities. A distal pancreatectomy with preservation of the splenic vessels is therefore decided upon.
Laparoscopic splenopancreatectomy for a solid pseudopapillary pancreatic tumor
The solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas, also known as Frantz’s tumor, is an uncommon occurrence usually seen in younger women. It is usually of low grade malignity and most patients have no recurrence after successful surgical resection.
In the last few years, laparoscopic approach to resection procedures for benign pathologies or low-grade malignancies of the pancreas has been increasingly used. The traditional surgical approach to the distal pancreas requires large abdominal incisions because of the deep position of the gland, and entails possible postoperative complications such as wound infections and incisional hernia.
In this video, we present a laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy for a localized tumor of the tail of the pancreas. It shows some steps, which could simplify the technique and prevent some complications as bleeding or postoperative fistula.
J Torres Bermúdez, FC Becerra García, G Sánchez de la Villa, M Montoya Tabares, F González Sánchez, R Nehme, AA Carrillo Sánchez, JL Martín
Surgical intervention
8 years ago
7245 views
113 likes
0 comments
14:01
Laparoscopic splenopancreatectomy for a solid pseudopapillary pancreatic tumor
The solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas, also known as Frantz’s tumor, is an uncommon occurrence usually seen in younger women. It is usually of low grade malignity and most patients have no recurrence after successful surgical resection.
In the last few years, laparoscopic approach to resection procedures for benign pathologies or low-grade malignancies of the pancreas has been increasingly used. The traditional surgical approach to the distal pancreas requires large abdominal incisions because of the deep position of the gland, and entails possible postoperative complications such as wound infections and incisional hernia.
In this video, we present a laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy for a localized tumor of the tail of the pancreas. It shows some steps, which could simplify the technique and prevent some complications as bleeding or postoperative fistula.
Duodenopancreatectomy: potentialities of the laparoscopic approach in the mobilization, dissection, and resection stages of the procedure
This video demonstrates the laparoscopic approach of a cephalic
duodenopancreatectomy in a 70-year-old patient presenting with an
adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head. Using 4 ports, the duodenum is completely detached. The unciform process is prepared posteriorly by dissecting the superior mesenteric artery and the portal vein in its right lower section. A total lymph node resection and an antrectomy have been performed, followed by the resection of the pancreatic body. Last but not least, the small bowel is divided and the duodenum is de-crossed. The dissection shows the different steps of the procedure with extra details.
B Ghavami
Surgical intervention
9 years ago
13398 views
193 likes
0 comments
17:55
Duodenopancreatectomy: potentialities of the laparoscopic approach in the mobilization, dissection, and resection stages of the procedure
This video demonstrates the laparoscopic approach of a cephalic
duodenopancreatectomy in a 70-year-old patient presenting with an
adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head. Using 4 ports, the duodenum is completely detached. The unciform process is prepared posteriorly by dissecting the superior mesenteric artery and the portal vein in its right lower section. A total lymph node resection and an antrectomy have been performed, followed by the resection of the pancreatic body. Last but not least, the small bowel is divided and the duodenum is de-crossed. The dissection shows the different steps of the procedure with extra details.
Laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (CME) right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis
Complete mesocolic excision (CME) in colon cancer surgery has recently gained popularity as increasing evidence points to improved oncological clearance with superior lymph node yield, bigger tumor clearance margins, and higher quality surgical specimens. There are also some indications that it may lead to improved oncological outcomes. The tenets of CME include high vascular ligation at the root of the vessel, dissection along the embryological planes of the colonic mesentery, and adequate margins of bowel from the tumor.
Although the technique was initially described and achieved via a laparotomy, laparoscopic CME was also performed, although it was noted to be technically challenging. The right colon and the variability of vascular anatomy add to the difficulty of the procedure.
Extracorporeal anastomosis is commonly performed for right hemicolectomy in most centers. There are some reported advantages to the intracorporeal anastomosis, namely a potentially higher lymph node yield, a smaller skin incision, and the ability to extract the specimen via a Pfannenstiel’s incision, which has lower rates of incisional hernia.
This video features a laparoscopic CME right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis for a malignant polyp.
SAE Yeo
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
12293 views
1080 likes
0 comments
13:33
Laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (CME) right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis
Complete mesocolic excision (CME) in colon cancer surgery has recently gained popularity as increasing evidence points to improved oncological clearance with superior lymph node yield, bigger tumor clearance margins, and higher quality surgical specimens. There are also some indications that it may lead to improved oncological outcomes. The tenets of CME include high vascular ligation at the root of the vessel, dissection along the embryological planes of the colonic mesentery, and adequate margins of bowel from the tumor.
Although the technique was initially described and achieved via a laparotomy, laparoscopic CME was also performed, although it was noted to be technically challenging. The right colon and the variability of vascular anatomy add to the difficulty of the procedure.
Extracorporeal anastomosis is commonly performed for right hemicolectomy in most centers. There are some reported advantages to the intracorporeal anastomosis, namely a potentially higher lymph node yield, a smaller skin incision, and the ability to extract the specimen via a Pfannenstiel’s incision, which has lower rates of incisional hernia.
This video features a laparoscopic CME right hemicolectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis for a malignant polyp.
Totally laparoscopic splenic flexure resection for cancer
The objective of this video is to demonstrate a laparoscopic segmental oncological splenic flexure colonic resection for cancer. Splenic flexure carcinoma is a rare condition, as it represents 3 to 8% of all colon cancers. It is associated with a high risk of obstruction and a poor prognosis. The surgical approach is challenging and not fully standardized. The resected area must include the mesocolon with major vessels ligation at their origin, in order to reduce local recurrence via the complete removal of potentially involved lymph node stations.
The oncological effectiveness of a segmental resection could be determined by the peculiar lymphatic spread of splenic flexure cancers. Different studies showed that the majority of positive lymph nodes among patients with splenic flexure carcinoma are distributed along the paracolic arcade and the left colic artery. As a result, a segmental resection associated with a medial-to-lateral approach could be safe and effective. The experience with a totally laparoscopic approach with intracorporeal anastomosis is well described in the current literature. Additionally, an intracorporeal anastomosis minimizes the risk of bowel twisting, preventing the exteriorization of the stumps, and reducing bowel traction, which can affect anastomotic irrigation, especially in obese patients. In a setting of surgeons experienced with laparoscopic colorectal surgery, the outcomes of laparoscopic segmental resection of splenic flexure are similar to those of laparoscopic resections for cancer in other locations.
G Basili, D Pietrasanta, N Romano, AF Costa
Surgical intervention
8 months ago
2518 views
8 likes
0 comments
10:12
Totally laparoscopic splenic flexure resection for cancer
The objective of this video is to demonstrate a laparoscopic segmental oncological splenic flexure colonic resection for cancer. Splenic flexure carcinoma is a rare condition, as it represents 3 to 8% of all colon cancers. It is associated with a high risk of obstruction and a poor prognosis. The surgical approach is challenging and not fully standardized. The resected area must include the mesocolon with major vessels ligation at their origin, in order to reduce local recurrence via the complete removal of potentially involved lymph node stations.
The oncological effectiveness of a segmental resection could be determined by the peculiar lymphatic spread of splenic flexure cancers. Different studies showed that the majority of positive lymph nodes among patients with splenic flexure carcinoma are distributed along the paracolic arcade and the left colic artery. As a result, a segmental resection associated with a medial-to-lateral approach could be safe and effective. The experience with a totally laparoscopic approach with intracorporeal anastomosis is well described in the current literature. Additionally, an intracorporeal anastomosis minimizes the risk of bowel twisting, preventing the exteriorization of the stumps, and reducing bowel traction, which can affect anastomotic irrigation, especially in obese patients. In a setting of surgeons experienced with laparoscopic colorectal surgery, the outcomes of laparoscopic segmental resection of splenic flexure are similar to those of laparoscopic resections for cancer in other locations.
Total gastrectomy for early gastric cancer and giant paraesophageal hernia
This video shows a total gastrectomy in an 83-year-old woman with a giant type III paraesophageal hernia and an early gastric cancer located at the middle third of the stomach. First, type III paraesophageal hernia dissection with complete resection of the hernia sac is shown. A D1 lymphadenectomy is performed.
The esophagus is transected high in the posterior mediastinum and an end-to-side esophago-jejunostomy is performed using the Orvil™ orogastric tube and the EEA™ DST XL 25 circular stapling device. The esophago-jejunostomy is performed in a Roux-en-Y fashion. The alimentary limb is ascended through the transverse mesocolon. The skin incision used for trocar placement in the upper left abdomen (right hand of the surgeon) was slightly enlarged to allow for specimen extraction. Through this incision, the side-to-side jejuno-jejunostomy was performed extracorporeally.
P Vorwald, M de Vega Irañeta, E Bernal, D Cortés, S Ayora González, A Gomez Valdazo
Surgical intervention
5 years ago
3180 views
36 likes
0 comments
16:26
Total gastrectomy for early gastric cancer and giant paraesophageal hernia
This video shows a total gastrectomy in an 83-year-old woman with a giant type III paraesophageal hernia and an early gastric cancer located at the middle third of the stomach. First, type III paraesophageal hernia dissection with complete resection of the hernia sac is shown. A D1 lymphadenectomy is performed.
The esophagus is transected high in the posterior mediastinum and an end-to-side esophago-jejunostomy is performed using the Orvil™ orogastric tube and the EEA™ DST XL 25 circular stapling device. The esophago-jejunostomy is performed in a Roux-en-Y fashion. The alimentary limb is ascended through the transverse mesocolon. The skin incision used for trocar placement in the upper left abdomen (right hand of the surgeon) was slightly enlarged to allow for specimen extraction. Through this incision, the side-to-side jejuno-jejunostomy was performed extracorporeally.
Full laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy for malignant ampulloma
In the first description of Laparoscopic PancreaticoDuodenectomy (LPD) by Gagner and Pomp in 1994, the authors reported the technical feasibility of the procedure, but questioned its advantages as compared with the open approach. Recent reports on large series of LPD demonstrated that the procedure might not only be feasible, but that it might have advantages as compared with open pancreaticoduodenectomy. Blood loss, ICU length of stay and overall hospital length of stay were shorter in the LPD group at the cost of significantly higher operative times. This video demonstrates a full LPD performed for a malignant ampulloma. All major steps of the procedure are extensively and clearly demonstrated.
A Talvane Torres de Oliveira, C Lacerda, PA Bertulucci
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
7444 views
77 likes
0 comments
40:39
Full laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy for malignant ampulloma
In the first description of Laparoscopic PancreaticoDuodenectomy (LPD) by Gagner and Pomp in 1994, the authors reported the technical feasibility of the procedure, but questioned its advantages as compared with the open approach. Recent reports on large series of LPD demonstrated that the procedure might not only be feasible, but that it might have advantages as compared with open pancreaticoduodenectomy. Blood loss, ICU length of stay and overall hospital length of stay were shorter in the LPD group at the cost of significantly higher operative times. This video demonstrates a full LPD performed for a malignant ampulloma. All major steps of the procedure are extensively and clearly demonstrated.
Laparoscopic total colectomy for T4N0M0 right colonic cancer and Lynch syndrome
The authors demonstrate their technique of laparoscopic total colectomy indicated for T3 tumors of the right transverse colon in a 40-year-old man with a family history of Lynch syndrome. Colonoscopy performed 3 years earlier ruled out the presence of polyps. Due to the tumor's invasiveness and the necessity to perform repeated endoscopic monitoring, it was decided to perform a total colectomy. The intervention is begun to the right and is completed to the left making sure to avoid any tumor manipulation. The different steps of the procedure are clearly outlined with images of outstanding quality. The vascular approach, especially to the right along the superior mesenteric axis, is beautifully exposed.
J Leroy, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
6 years ago
5935 views
114 likes
0 comments
28:29
Laparoscopic total colectomy for T4N0M0 right colonic cancer and Lynch syndrome
The authors demonstrate their technique of laparoscopic total colectomy indicated for T3 tumors of the right transverse colon in a 40-year-old man with a family history of Lynch syndrome. Colonoscopy performed 3 years earlier ruled out the presence of polyps. Due to the tumor's invasiveness and the necessity to perform repeated endoscopic monitoring, it was decided to perform a total colectomy. The intervention is begun to the right and is completed to the left making sure to avoid any tumor manipulation. The different steps of the procedure are clearly outlined with images of outstanding quality. The vascular approach, especially to the right along the superior mesenteric axis, is beautifully exposed.
Laparoscopic rectal resection with ICG-guided nodal navigation
The concept of fluorescence-guided navigation surgery based on indocyanine green (ICG) testifies to a developing interest in many fields of surgical oncology. The technique seems to be promising, also during nodal dissection in gastric and colorectal surgery in the so-called “ICG-guided nodal navigation”.
In this video, we present the clinical case of a 66-year-old woman with a sigmoid-rectal junction early stage cancer submitted to laparoscopic resection. Before surgery, the patient was submitted to endoscopy with the objective to mark the distal margin of the neoplasia, and 2mL of ICG were injected into the mucosa of the rectum, 2cm distal to the inferior border of the tumor.
Thanks to the ICG’s fluorescence with the light emitted from the photodynamic eye of our laparoscopic system (Stryker 1588 camera system), it is possible to clearly visualize both the individual lymph nodes and the lymphatic collectors which drain ICG (and lymph) of the specific mucosal area previously marked with indocyanine green.
It was possible to verify the good perfusion of the proximal stump of the anastomosis before the Knight-Griffen anastomosis was performed, thanks to an intravenous injection of ICG.
This technique could allow for a more precise and radical nodal dissection, a safer work respecting vascular and nerve structures, and could be related with a lower risk of anastomotic fistula, controlling the adequate perfusion of the stump.
G Baiocchi, S Molfino, B Molteni, A Titi, G Gaverini
Surgical intervention
9 months ago
2916 views
6 likes
0 comments
11:48
Laparoscopic rectal resection with ICG-guided nodal navigation
The concept of fluorescence-guided navigation surgery based on indocyanine green (ICG) testifies to a developing interest in many fields of surgical oncology. The technique seems to be promising, also during nodal dissection in gastric and colorectal surgery in the so-called “ICG-guided nodal navigation”.
In this video, we present the clinical case of a 66-year-old woman with a sigmoid-rectal junction early stage cancer submitted to laparoscopic resection. Before surgery, the patient was submitted to endoscopy with the objective to mark the distal margin of the neoplasia, and 2mL of ICG were injected into the mucosa of the rectum, 2cm distal to the inferior border of the tumor.
Thanks to the ICG’s fluorescence with the light emitted from the photodynamic eye of our laparoscopic system (Stryker 1588 camera system), it is possible to clearly visualize both the individual lymph nodes and the lymphatic collectors which drain ICG (and lymph) of the specific mucosal area previously marked with indocyanine green.
It was possible to verify the good perfusion of the proximal stump of the anastomosis before the Knight-Griffen anastomosis was performed, thanks to an intravenous injection of ICG.
This technique could allow for a more precise and radical nodal dissection, a safer work respecting vascular and nerve structures, and could be related with a lower risk of anastomotic fistula, controlling the adequate perfusion of the stump.
Robotic triple docking ultralow anterior resection with intersphincteric resection and coloanal anastomosis
The da Vinci™ surgical robotic system with its increased instrument stability, magnified tridimensional view, and dexterity with 7 degrees of wristed motion of its instruments offers a distinct surgical advantage over traditional laparoscopic instruments. This is especially true in the deep pelvis, where the limited space and visibility make it extremely challenging to perform distal rectal dissection. Additionally, the complete control of the surgeon over the stable surgical platform allows fine and accurate dissection in this area.
For very low rectal tumors close to the anorectal junction, if a sphincter-saving procedure is to be attempted, surgeons will frequently perform an intersphincteric resection (ISR) with a handsewn coloanal anastomosis. If successful, the patient will be able to avoid an abdominoperineal resection and its resulting permanent stoma.
ISR is a technically challenging procedure to perform, especially in male and obese patients. It is because the approach to the intersphincteric plane from the abdominal approach is deep within the pelvis and frequently curves anteriorly, which makes the intersphincteric plane challenging to approach laparoscopically. In addition, ISR from the perineum is also difficult as the anus has a small opening; as a result, when the surgeon sits directly in front of the perineum, assistants will be unable to adequately visualize the operating field, making it very challenging to properly assist for the dissection. It may potentially result in some blind dissection, which may lead to entry into the wrong plane and a poor oncological specimen.
With the da Vinci™ surgical robotic system, this problem can potentially be minimized. First, via the transabdominal approach, the robotic system is able to access deep into the pelvic cavity and dissect down to the intersphincteric plane beyond the puborectalis sling. Secondly, docking the robot and approaching the ISR perineally, the robotic system can also provide a magnified vision, a fine dissection and allow the assistant a good viewing position sitting in front of the perineum to assist in a more productive manner. These advantages of the robotic system will facilitate ISR dissection and retrieval of a superior oncological specimen.
This video features a totally robotic triple docking approach for an ultralow anterior resection with intersphincteric resection and handsewn coloanal anastomosis in a male patient with a low rectal cancer.
SAE Yeo
Surgical intervention
10 months ago
1721 views
5 likes
0 comments
15:36
Robotic triple docking ultralow anterior resection with intersphincteric resection and coloanal anastomosis
The da Vinci™ surgical robotic system with its increased instrument stability, magnified tridimensional view, and dexterity with 7 degrees of wristed motion of its instruments offers a distinct surgical advantage over traditional laparoscopic instruments. This is especially true in the deep pelvis, where the limited space and visibility make it extremely challenging to perform distal rectal dissection. Additionally, the complete control of the surgeon over the stable surgical platform allows fine and accurate dissection in this area.
For very low rectal tumors close to the anorectal junction, if a sphincter-saving procedure is to be attempted, surgeons will frequently perform an intersphincteric resection (ISR) with a handsewn coloanal anastomosis. If successful, the patient will be able to avoid an abdominoperineal resection and its resulting permanent stoma.
ISR is a technically challenging procedure to perform, especially in male and obese patients. It is because the approach to the intersphincteric plane from the abdominal approach is deep within the pelvis and frequently curves anteriorly, which makes the intersphincteric plane challenging to approach laparoscopically. In addition, ISR from the perineum is also difficult as the anus has a small opening; as a result, when the surgeon sits directly in front of the perineum, assistants will be unable to adequately visualize the operating field, making it very challenging to properly assist for the dissection. It may potentially result in some blind dissection, which may lead to entry into the wrong plane and a poor oncological specimen.
With the da Vinci™ surgical robotic system, this problem can potentially be minimized. First, via the transabdominal approach, the robotic system is able to access deep into the pelvic cavity and dissect down to the intersphincteric plane beyond the puborectalis sling. Secondly, docking the robot and approaching the ISR perineally, the robotic system can also provide a magnified vision, a fine dissection and allow the assistant a good viewing position sitting in front of the perineum to assist in a more productive manner. These advantages of the robotic system will facilitate ISR dissection and retrieval of a superior oncological specimen.
This video features a totally robotic triple docking approach for an ultralow anterior resection with intersphincteric resection and handsewn coloanal anastomosis in a male patient with a low rectal cancer.
Laparoscopic right colectomy for caecal cancer using Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device
The interest of this video is to demonstrate a fully laparoscopic oncologic right colectomy technique performed by means of novel dissection instruments such as the Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device (Valleylab, Covidien) as well as stapling devices designed for anastomosis (Endo-GIA™ Tri-staple™ technology, Covidien). Regarding the Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device, one may appreciate its efficacy, notably to achieve hemostasis of ileocolic and right colic vessels.
Its simplicity of use and safety in controlling the action to coagulate and divide tissues have been strongly appreciated from the operator’s side who is a regular user of the Ligasure™ technology. The great freedom of movement related to the absence of cable and to the lightness of the instrument accounts mostly for the almost immediate adoption of this novel laparoscopic instrument.
J Leroy, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
7 years ago
6000 views
134 likes
0 comments
12:28
Laparoscopic right colectomy for caecal cancer using Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device
The interest of this video is to demonstrate a fully laparoscopic oncologic right colectomy technique performed by means of novel dissection instruments such as the Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device (Valleylab, Covidien) as well as stapling devices designed for anastomosis (Endo-GIA™ Tri-staple™ technology, Covidien). Regarding the Sonicision™ cordless ultrasonic dissection device, one may appreciate its efficacy, notably to achieve hemostasis of ileocolic and right colic vessels.
Its simplicity of use and safety in controlling the action to coagulate and divide tissues have been strongly appreciated from the operator’s side who is a regular user of the Ligasure™ technology. The great freedom of movement related to the absence of cable and to the lightness of the instrument accounts mostly for the almost immediate adoption of this novel laparoscopic instrument.
A laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with a primary vascular approach
Introduction:
We present the case of a 54-year-old male with a 5cm villous adenoma at the ileocaecal valve with a focus of invasive carcinoma. Previous attempts at endoscopic mucosal resection were unsuccessful.

Methods:
The set-up consisted of two 10/12mm ports (sub-umbilical and left iliac fossa) and three 5mm ports (right iliac fossa, supra-umbilical and epigastric). The primary vascular approach initially consists of identification, ligation and division of the vessels (ileocolic, right colic and right branch of the middle colic) at their origin, retroperitoneal mobilization of the mesocolon, taking down of the hepatic flexure and completion of the mobilization of the caecum and lateral attachments.

Conclusion:
The primary vascular approach to laparoscopic right hemi-colectomy is achievable.
M Walz, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
7 years ago
11267 views
258 likes
0 comments
35:19
A laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with a primary vascular approach
Introduction:
We present the case of a 54-year-old male with a 5cm villous adenoma at the ileocaecal valve with a focus of invasive carcinoma. Previous attempts at endoscopic mucosal resection were unsuccessful.

Methods:
The set-up consisted of two 10/12mm ports (sub-umbilical and left iliac fossa) and three 5mm ports (right iliac fossa, supra-umbilical and epigastric). The primary vascular approach initially consists of identification, ligation and division of the vessels (ileocolic, right colic and right branch of the middle colic) at their origin, retroperitoneal mobilization of the mesocolon, taking down of the hepatic flexure and completion of the mobilization of the caecum and lateral attachments.

Conclusion:
The primary vascular approach to laparoscopic right hemi-colectomy is achievable.
Endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy with a lumen-apposing metal stent
This video demonstrates a case of EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy, emblematic of the latest cutting-edge technology.
A 86-year-old woman with recent abdominal pain and jaundice underwent a CT-scan, which showed an enlarged tumor of the second portion of the duodenum with biliary tree dilatation. Gastroscopy with biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of duodenal adenocarcinoma of the 2nd duodenum.
First, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) failed to achieve biliary drainage because of an inability to cannulate the papilla due to tumor infiltration. EUS-guided hepatogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) was not attempted because the left intra-hepatic bile ducts were minimally dilated (3mm). However, the common bile duct (CBD) was largely dilated (20 mm). A Hot AXIOS™ Stent and Electrocautery Enhanced Delivery System (stent of 8 by 6mm) was advanced through the bulb. Pure cut electrocautery current was then applied, allowing the device to reach the CBD. Next, the distal flange was opened and retracted towards the EUS transducer, and once a biliary and bulbar tissue apposition had been noted, the proximal flange was released. Good drainage of purulent bile was observed and no complications occurred during the procedure and one month afterwards.
A Sportes, G Airinei, R Kamel, R Benamouzig
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
262 views
7 likes
0 comments
03:09
Endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy with a lumen-apposing metal stent
This video demonstrates a case of EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy, emblematic of the latest cutting-edge technology.
A 86-year-old woman with recent abdominal pain and jaundice underwent a CT-scan, which showed an enlarged tumor of the second portion of the duodenum with biliary tree dilatation. Gastroscopy with biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of duodenal adenocarcinoma of the 2nd duodenum.
First, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) failed to achieve biliary drainage because of an inability to cannulate the papilla due to tumor infiltration. EUS-guided hepatogastrostomy (EUS-HGS) was not attempted because the left intra-hepatic bile ducts were minimally dilated (3mm). However, the common bile duct (CBD) was largely dilated (20 mm). A Hot AXIOS™ Stent and Electrocautery Enhanced Delivery System (stent of 8 by 6mm) was advanced through the bulb. Pure cut electrocautery current was then applied, allowing the device to reach the CBD. Next, the distal flange was opened and retracted towards the EUS transducer, and once a biliary and bulbar tissue apposition had been noted, the proximal flange was released. Good drainage of purulent bile was observed and no complications occurred during the procedure and one month afterwards.
Laparoscopic total gastrectomy guided by fluorescent lymphangiography using ICG injection around a tumor, followed by an intracorporeal double stapling esophagojejunostomy
Injecting indocyanine green (ICG) around the tumor enables the operators to identify the lymphatic channels and the lymph nodes in which the cancer cells can spread. It also allows them to decide on the extent of the dissection and validate the completeness of lymph node dissection. In this video, a laparoscopic near-infrared fluorescent camera was used, showing the fluorescent signal in diverse modes. A total gastrectomy with D1+ dissection is performed. The fluorescent signal shows the possible lymphatic pathways during the operation. An intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy was performed in a double stapling fashion; a round needle and a surgical thread are attached to the plastic part of the anvil of the circular stapler.
HK Yang, SH Kong
Surgical intervention
2 years ago
1754 views
77 likes
0 comments
15:56
Laparoscopic total gastrectomy guided by fluorescent lymphangiography using ICG injection around a tumor, followed by an intracorporeal double stapling esophagojejunostomy
Injecting indocyanine green (ICG) around the tumor enables the operators to identify the lymphatic channels and the lymph nodes in which the cancer cells can spread. It also allows them to decide on the extent of the dissection and validate the completeness of lymph node dissection. In this video, a laparoscopic near-infrared fluorescent camera was used, showing the fluorescent signal in diverse modes. A total gastrectomy with D1+ dissection is performed. The fluorescent signal shows the possible lymphatic pathways during the operation. An intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy was performed in a double stapling fashion; a round needle and a surgical thread are attached to the plastic part of the anvil of the circular stapler.
Laparoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy for adenocarcinoma of the lower esophagus
Conventional esophagectomy requires either a laparotomy with a transhiatal dissection or a laparotomy combined with thoracotomy and it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In the attempt to decrease morbidity, some surgeons have reported the application of minimally invasive technique of resection of the esophagus. De Paula was the first to report a large series of 48 patients undergoing a total laparoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy (LTH). LTH may be used to treat patients with either benign or malignant esophageal disease because the reconstructive result cervical esophagogastric anastomosis yields good functional outcomes. Here we show the case of a LTH for adenocarcinoma of the lower esophagus.
B Dallemagne, S Perretta, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
9 years ago
5613 views
161 likes
0 comments
21:14
Laparoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy for adenocarcinoma of the lower esophagus
Conventional esophagectomy requires either a laparotomy with a transhiatal dissection or a laparotomy combined with thoracotomy and it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In the attempt to decrease morbidity, some surgeons have reported the application of minimally invasive technique of resection of the esophagus. De Paula was the first to report a large series of 48 patients undergoing a total laparoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy (LTH). LTH may be used to treat patients with either benign or malignant esophageal disease because the reconstructive result cervical esophagogastric anastomosis yields good functional outcomes. Here we show the case of a LTH for adenocarcinoma of the lower esophagus.
Totally laparoscopic duodenal pancreatectomy for cancer
Since the early 1990s, laparoscopic techniques have been applied to a growing number of pancreatic surgeries. Laparoscopic pancreatic resections have been performed in patients with a variety of diseases including chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic trauma, congenital hyperinsulinism. Laparoscopic proximal pancreatectomies for cancer with or without duodenum preservation remain controversial. Although a laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy is technically feasible, laparoscopic reconstruction after proximal pancreatectomies is not yet generally practicable but limited to personal experiences of highly skilled surgeons.
This interesting video shows all steps and landmarks of a totally laparoscopic duodenopancreatectomy for cancer performed by a very experienced surgeon.
F Corcione, J Marescaux
Surgical intervention
10 years ago
8820 views
36 likes
0 comments
21:13
Totally laparoscopic duodenal pancreatectomy for cancer
Since the early 1990s, laparoscopic techniques have been applied to a growing number of pancreatic surgeries. Laparoscopic pancreatic resections have been performed in patients with a variety of diseases including chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic trauma, congenital hyperinsulinism. Laparoscopic proximal pancreatectomies for cancer with or without duodenum preservation remain controversial. Although a laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy is technically feasible, laparoscopic reconstruction after proximal pancreatectomies is not yet generally practicable but limited to personal experiences of highly skilled surgeons.
This interesting video shows all steps and landmarks of a totally laparoscopic duodenopancreatectomy for cancer performed by a very experienced surgeon.
Laparoscopic right colectomy for cancer
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery has gained wide acceptance as a treatment in a variety of benign and malignant diseases. The reproducibility and safety of all the principal colorectal procedures has been demonstrated. Surgeons performing right hemicolectomy using the laparo-assisted technique consider it more difficult than open colectomy. It is possible to perform a completely laparoscopic right hemicolectomy in advanced laparoscopic centers with many benefits: less postoperative pain, short-term postoperative ileus, earlier return to daily activity. This chapter describes surgical anatomy, indications and techniques of laparoscopic right colon resection for cancer.
J Leroy, J Marescaux
Operative technique
10 years ago
86596 views
776 likes
1 comment
Laparoscopic right colectomy for cancer
Laparoscopic colorectal surgery has gained wide acceptance as a treatment in a variety of benign and malignant diseases. The reproducibility and safety of all the principal colorectal procedures has been demonstrated. Surgeons performing right hemicolectomy using the laparo-assisted technique consider it more difficult than open colectomy. It is possible to perform a completely laparoscopic right hemicolectomy in advanced laparoscopic centers with many benefits: less postoperative pain, short-term postoperative ileus, earlier return to daily activity. This chapter describes surgical anatomy, indications and techniques of laparoscopic right colon resection for cancer.