Retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy
The description of the retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy covers all aspects of the surgical procedure used for the management of kidney cancers. Operating room set up, position of patient and equipment, instruments used are thoroughly described. The technical key steps of the surgical procedure are presented in a step by step way: creation of access, working space, ligature of pedicle, extrafascial dissection, division of ureter, extraction, end of procedure. Consequently, this operating technique is well standardized for the management of this condition.