Laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis with or without cholangiogram
Cholecystectomy, consisting of complete removal of the gallbladder, was one of the first surgical interventions to be performed laparoscopically. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is performed using the same operative technique and principles as open cholecystectomy. Nonetheless, the two-dimensional downward to upward view coupled with the use of long instruments for distance manipulation requires specific training. Furthermore, the laparoscopic approach is associated with a risk of specific complications during the learning curve. One should always bear in mind that there is no such thing as a simple cholecystectomy.