Surgery of the upper esophageal sphincter (open technique)
The description of the surgery of the upper esophageal sphincter (open technique) covers all aspects of the surgical procedure used for the management of pharyngoesophageal diverticulum. Operating room set up, position of patient and equipment, instruments used are thoroughly described. The technical key steps of the surgical procedure are presented in a step by step way: exposure of sphincter, cricomyotomy, closure. Consequently, this operating technique is well standardized for the management of this condition.