Thoracoscopic lower esophageal myotomy
The description of the thoracoscopic lower esophageal myotomy covers all aspects of the surgical procedure used for the management of achalasia. Operating room set up, position of patient and equipment, instruments used are thoroughly described. The technical key steps of the surgical procedure are presented in a step by step way: exploration/exposure, establishing the myotomy, end of myotomy. Consequently, this operating technique is well standardized for the management of this condition.