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  • 1753
  • 2017-03-08

Hand-assisted laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy

Epublication WebSurg.com, Mar 2017;17(03). URL:
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Introduction and purpose: The shortage of cadaver donor organs and the progressive acceptation of laparoscopic procedures have significantly increased the number of living donor transplants. Laparoscopic nephrectomy has been rapidly and progressively incorporated as a therapeutic option in most hospitals. We describe the current surgical technique for living donor nephrectomy in our hospital.
Materials and methods: A 42-year-old woman with a medical history of hypertension and end-stage renal disease by IgA glomerulonephritis in predialysis program underwent a living donor transplantation. The donor was her sister, a woman aged 51, with no medical past history. We performed a left laparoscopic nephrectomy, and removal of the graft was performed using a hand-assisted device fixed in a supraumbilical 5cm laparotomy.
Results: Hospital stay was 3 days for the donor and 4 days for the receptor. The receptor had a postoperative creatinine of 1.76 mg/dL. In the third year of follow-up creatinine was 1.46 mg/dL.
Conclusions: Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy has proven to be a safe, less invasive, and effective technique for the renal graft. It has encouraged donation from living donors, given its esthetic results and comfort for the donor.