Laparoscopic gastrostomy in a patient with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
Epublication WebSurg.com, Nov 2015;15(11). URL: http://websurg.com/doi/vd01en4609
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and self-expanding endoscopic prosthesis are considered to be the "gold standard" for patients with neurological or oncologic diseases, which do not allow feeding per os. When they fail, surgical gastrostomy is considered. Recent data suggest that the laparoscopic approach may be better regarding early complications as compared to PEG. We present the case of an 81-year-old male patient diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. The patient presented with total dysphagia. The attempt of placing a self-expanding endoscopic prosthesis was unsuccessful. The patient was then proposed for the placement of a feeding laparoscopic gastrostomy. The postoperative period was uneventful and the patient was discharged on day two. Surgical gastrostomy is associated with frequent complications, such as erythema, chronic suppuration, migration and complications associated with surgical access. Laparoscopic access and technical details of the procedure allowed to reduce such complications and to perform the main steps under direct visual control, making it very safe and easily reproducible.