Single stage laparoscopic management of common bile duct stones with acute cholecystitis
Epublication WebSurg.com, May 2012;12(05). URL: http://websurg.com/doi/vd01en3628
Ten to 18% of patients undergoing cholecystectomy for gallstones have common bile duct (CBD) stones. Treatment options for these stones include pre- or post-operative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), open surgery, or laparoscopic surgery. The first option depends mainly on the availability of an experienced endocopist who could successfully clear stones in most patients. However no stones are found in 20% to 60% of cases. In such patients, rare and unpredictably severe ERCP morbidity can occur. Thanks to progress in laparosocopic techniques, associated with technological developments, the single stage laparoscopic management of CBD and gallbladder stones has become one of the main options for the treatement of choledocholithiasis associated with cholelithiasis. After the analysis of local conditions and the interpretation of intraoperative cholangiography images it is fundamental to decide which type of access to use to get to the main biliary tract, either transcystic access or directly through choledochotomy.