Laparoscopic left adrenalectomy for Conn's disease: virtual reality and exposure for vascular approach
Epublication WebSurg.com, Apr 2007;07(04). URL: http://websurg.com/doi/vd01en2073
This is a very detailed and didactic video demonstrating laparoscopic left adrenalectomy. All the critical steps are presented clearly and the surgical approach is explained at each stage. All the dissection is performed with only a hook cautery and atraumatic graspers. This is an excellent video for laparoscopic surgeons interested in learning adrenalectomy. Key landmarks in this step are the splenic, adrenal, and renal veins—and the three main arterial pedicles of the latter that supply the left adrenal gland. The steady mobilization of the pancreas with retraction to the left with the spleen allows the authors to identify the renal vein, clear identification of which is essential. Steady dissection of the superior border of the renal vein enables positive identification of the adrenal vein. The authors dissect it circumferentially from the superior border of the renal vein up to the origin of the phrenic vein.