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Carlo SPOSITO

Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori
Milan, Italy
MD
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Laparoscopic segment 7 resection with extracorporeal Pringle maneuver on a cirrhotic liver
This is the case of a 73-year-old man presenting with a 33mm hepatocellular carcinoma arising on a Hepatitis C virus-related well-compensated cirrhosis without portal hypertension. A laparoscopic segment 7 atypical resection was decided upon. Five ports are placed. The procedure begins with complete abdominal exploration and intraoperative liver ultrasonography. The right triangular and coronary ligaments are divided in order to mobilize the right lobe and gain access to liver segment 7. The hepatic hilum is encircled with an umbilical tape. The tape is passed percutaneously through a 24 French chest tube used as Rommel’s tourniquet to allow for a safe and fast extracorporeal Pringle maneuver. The transection plane is controlled using ultrasound. The first part of parenchymal transection is performed using Thunderbeat™ while an ultrasonic dissector (CUSA™) is used more deeply. Hemostasis is controlled with irrigated bipolar forceps and clips on major vessels. To allow for a bloodless parenchymal transection and a more precise isolation and clipping of the vessels, the hepatic hilum is clamped for 10 minutes. The chest tube is pushed towards the hilum and clamped extracorporeally. After 10 minutes, the Pringle maneuver is released for 5 minutes and then repeated for another 10 minutes until parenchymal transection is complete. No drains are placed. Operative time took 180 minutes and total blood loss was 50mL. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 3. The pathology confirmed a 3cm hepatocellular carcinoma without microvascular invasion. Resection margins were negative for tumor invasion.
Surgical intervention
22 days ago
805 views
9 likes
2 comments
10:10
Laparoscopic segment 7 resection with extracorporeal Pringle maneuver on a cirrhotic liver
This is the case of a 73-year-old man presenting with a 33mm hepatocellular carcinoma arising on a Hepatitis C virus-related well-compensated cirrhosis without portal hypertension. A laparoscopic segment 7 atypical resection was decided upon. Five ports are placed. The procedure begins with complete abdominal exploration and intraoperative liver ultrasonography. The right triangular and coronary ligaments are divided in order to mobilize the right lobe and gain access to liver segment 7. The hepatic hilum is encircled with an umbilical tape. The tape is passed percutaneously through a 24 French chest tube used as Rommel’s tourniquet to allow for a safe and fast extracorporeal Pringle maneuver. The transection plane is controlled using ultrasound. The first part of parenchymal transection is performed using Thunderbeat™ while an ultrasonic dissector (CUSA™) is used more deeply. Hemostasis is controlled with irrigated bipolar forceps and clips on major vessels. To allow for a bloodless parenchymal transection and a more precise isolation and clipping of the vessels, the hepatic hilum is clamped for 10 minutes. The chest tube is pushed towards the hilum and clamped extracorporeally. After 10 minutes, the Pringle maneuver is released for 5 minutes and then repeated for another 10 minutes until parenchymal transection is complete. No drains are placed. Operative time took 180 minutes and total blood loss was 50mL. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 3. The pathology confirmed a 3cm hepatocellular carcinoma without microvascular invasion. Resection margins were negative for tumor invasion.
Laparoscopic left hepatectomy with extrahepatic inflow and outflow exclusion
This is the case of a 72-year-old woman presenting with a 5cm intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma arising on an HCV-related well-compensated chronic liver disease without portal hypertension. Laparoscopic left hepatectomy (liver segments 2, 3, and 4) was decided upon. Four ports were placed. The procedure began with a complete abdominal exploration and intraoperative liver ultrasonography, which allowed to identify the tumor between liver segments 2 and 4a in close contact with the left hepatic vein.
Hilar dissection was performed with lymphadenectomy of the common hepatic artery and left hepatic artery.
Before parenchymal transection, both inflow and outflow of the left liver were interrupted. The left hepatic artery and the left portal vein were isolated and divided between clips. The left hepatic vein was isolated after division of the Arantius’ ligament and clamped by means of a laparoscopic vascular clamp. Parenchymal transection was carried out using an ultrasonic dissector (CUSA™), and hemostasis was controlled with a radiofrequency bipolar hemostatic sealer (Aquamantys™) and clips. The biliary duct and the left hepatic vein were managed with vascular staplers. At the end of the operation, a tubular drain was placed. Operative time accounted for 240 minutes and total blood loss was 100mL.
The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 6.
The pathology confirmed a 5cm G3 cholangiocarcinoma with invasion of the left hepatic vein and of segment 2 portal branch. Resection margins were negative for tumor invasion and for all lymph nodes retrieved.
Surgical intervention
1 year ago
2814 views
11 likes
2 comments
10:57
Laparoscopic left hepatectomy with extrahepatic inflow and outflow exclusion
This is the case of a 72-year-old woman presenting with a 5cm intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma arising on an HCV-related well-compensated chronic liver disease without portal hypertension. Laparoscopic left hepatectomy (liver segments 2, 3, and 4) was decided upon. Four ports were placed. The procedure began with a complete abdominal exploration and intraoperative liver ultrasonography, which allowed to identify the tumor between liver segments 2 and 4a in close contact with the left hepatic vein.
Hilar dissection was performed with lymphadenectomy of the common hepatic artery and left hepatic artery.
Before parenchymal transection, both inflow and outflow of the left liver were interrupted. The left hepatic artery and the left portal vein were isolated and divided between clips. The left hepatic vein was isolated after division of the Arantius’ ligament and clamped by means of a laparoscopic vascular clamp. Parenchymal transection was carried out using an ultrasonic dissector (CUSA™), and hemostasis was controlled with a radiofrequency bipolar hemostatic sealer (Aquamantys™) and clips. The biliary duct and the left hepatic vein were managed with vascular staplers. At the end of the operation, a tubular drain was placed. Operative time accounted for 240 minutes and total blood loss was 100mL.
The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged on postoperative day 6.
The pathology confirmed a 5cm G3 cholangiocarcinoma with invasion of the left hepatic vein and of segment 2 portal branch. Resection margins were negative for tumor invasion and for all lymph nodes retrieved.