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Pietro MESSORI

Ospedale Macedonio Melloni
Milano, Italy
MD
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Mucosal skinning for bowel endometriosis: standard technique
Bowel endometriosis is described in 3% to 37% of patients with endometriosis. In 90% of these cases, the rectum, the sigmoid colon or both are involved. It is the most severe form of the disease and its surgical management is complex. Surgery is very challenging and the degree of radical excision should always be counterbalanced with the risk of complications and functional disorders. Four types of surgery can be chosen: superficial excision or shaving, mucosal skinning, discoid excision, and segmental bowel resection. We believe that bowel resection can be avoided in some cases if mucosal skinning is first attempted. This video shows 2 endometriotic lesions of the rectosigmoid junction that were treated by mucosal skinning, hence avoiding an unnecessary segmental resection. The final result was satisfactory and postoperative outcome was uneventful. In 2008, the patient underwent a laparoscopic intervention, which revealed the presence of a deep infiltrating endometriosis and bilateral endometriotic cysts. Bilateral ovarian cystectomy was performed. Postoperative MRI for pelvic pains revealed a persistent lesion of the recto-vaginal septum. The patient then presented with persistent dysmenorrhea (8/10), chronic pelvic pain (8/10), dyschezia (6/10) without dyspareunia or bladder-related symptoms. Clinical examination showed a mobile anteverted uterus without clear evidence of a nodule lesion at the rectovaginal septum neither was it at the level of uterosacral ligaments, but most probably the presence of adhesions between the uterus and the rectosigmoid junction. Despite treatment with GnRH agonist, the patient was referred to the emergency department several times for bouts of intense pain.
Surgical intervention
7 years ago
1489 views
75 likes
0 comments
11:40
Mucosal skinning for bowel endometriosis: standard technique
Bowel endometriosis is described in 3% to 37% of patients with endometriosis. In 90% of these cases, the rectum, the sigmoid colon or both are involved. It is the most severe form of the disease and its surgical management is complex. Surgery is very challenging and the degree of radical excision should always be counterbalanced with the risk of complications and functional disorders. Four types of surgery can be chosen: superficial excision or shaving, mucosal skinning, discoid excision, and segmental bowel resection. We believe that bowel resection can be avoided in some cases if mucosal skinning is first attempted. This video shows 2 endometriotic lesions of the rectosigmoid junction that were treated by mucosal skinning, hence avoiding an unnecessary segmental resection. The final result was satisfactory and postoperative outcome was uneventful. In 2008, the patient underwent a laparoscopic intervention, which revealed the presence of a deep infiltrating endometriosis and bilateral endometriotic cysts. Bilateral ovarian cystectomy was performed. Postoperative MRI for pelvic pains revealed a persistent lesion of the recto-vaginal septum. The patient then presented with persistent dysmenorrhea (8/10), chronic pelvic pain (8/10), dyschezia (6/10) without dyspareunia or bladder-related symptoms. Clinical examination showed a mobile anteverted uterus without clear evidence of a nodule lesion at the rectovaginal septum neither was it at the level of uterosacral ligaments, but most probably the presence of adhesions between the uterus and the rectosigmoid junction. Despite treatment with GnRH agonist, the patient was referred to the emergency department several times for bouts of intense pain.
Deep endometriosis excision with ureteral anastomosis followed by segmental rectosigmoid resection, transvaginal specimen extraction, and a transanal colorectal anastomosis
We present the case of a 29-year-old nulligest woman. Four years ago, she had a previous surgery with a rectovaginal nodule removed both by laparoscopy and vaginal approach. She has complained of dyspareunia (8/10), dysmenorrhea (8/10), dyschezia (8/10) and infertility over the last 2 years, but she also suffers from bladder dysfunction requiring urinary self-catheterization during her menstrual periods. The laparoscopic exploration revealed a big fibrotic nodule located in the right pelvic sidewall involving the right ureter and the rectum. Right ureter resection and anastomosis were performed. Segmental rectosigmoid resection was followed by transvaginal specimen extraction and a transanal colorectal anastomosis. The intracorporeal laparoscopic technique allows for a limited bowel devascularization and for an appropriate anastomosis with no need for extra abdominal incisions. No complications were noted and the patient had a good clinical evolution.
Surgical intervention
7 years ago
2561 views
21 likes
0 comments
30:14
Deep endometriosis excision with ureteral anastomosis followed by segmental rectosigmoid resection, transvaginal specimen extraction, and a transanal colorectal anastomosis
We present the case of a 29-year-old nulligest woman. Four years ago, she had a previous surgery with a rectovaginal nodule removed both by laparoscopy and vaginal approach. She has complained of dyspareunia (8/10), dysmenorrhea (8/10), dyschezia (8/10) and infertility over the last 2 years, but she also suffers from bladder dysfunction requiring urinary self-catheterization during her menstrual periods. The laparoscopic exploration revealed a big fibrotic nodule located in the right pelvic sidewall involving the right ureter and the rectum. Right ureter resection and anastomosis were performed. Segmental rectosigmoid resection was followed by transvaginal specimen extraction and a transanal colorectal anastomosis. The intracorporeal laparoscopic technique allows for a limited bowel devascularization and for an appropriate anastomosis with no need for extra abdominal incisions. No complications were noted and the patient had a good clinical evolution.