Completely thoracoscopic segmentectomy: apical segment, right upper lobe
Epublication WebSurg.com, Jun 2011;11(06). URL: http://websurg.com/doi/vd01en3301
Standard treatment of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer involves anatomic pulmonary lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection. In patients with compromised lung function, anatomic segmentectomy may be an acceptable alternative to lobectomy. Traditionally, this procedure has been carried out via postero-lateral thoracotomy, requiring division of chest wall muscles and rib spreading. This is frequently associated with disturbed respiratory mechanics in the postoperative period, as well as chronic postoperative pain which may become incapacitating in 5% of patients. One of the major potential advantages of thoracoscopic approaches is decreasing the incidence of post-thoracotomy pain. Key aspects of thoracoscopic segmentectomy include: Proper patient positioning. Access to the pleural cavity and appropriate positioning of operating incisions. Careful dissection of segmental branches of the pulmonary artery and bronchus. Division of blood vessels and bronchus using endoscopic staplers. Division of lung parenchyma along intersegmental planes. The thoracoscopic approach can be carried out with similar morbidity and similar oncologic outcome to traditional open surgery. We present a completely thoracoscopic resection of the apical segment of the right upper lobe for a small T1 adenocarcinoma in a 78-year-old patient. The video emphasizes the steps of segmental resection —mediastinal lymph node dissection was effected but is not shown. Acknowledgment: we would like to thank Nathalie Leroux RN, Francine Martin RN, and Mélodie Leclerc RN for their continued support. Additionally, the figure used to illustrate the positioning of operating incisions was adapted with permission from: «Handbook of perioperative care in general thoracic surgery», Deslauriers J, Mehran R, eds. Positioning and incisions, pages 206-227, fig 5-19, Copyright Elsevier, 2005.